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代词在高考英语单项选择中的12个考点
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry | 更新时间:2008-12-26 | 字体: |

高考英语代词在单项填空中的12个考点
      
考点1 人称代词主格与宾格的用法

      (1)人称代词的主格在句中作主语,宾格在句中作动词或介词的宾语。
      【真题再现】(1)My grandma still treats me like a child. She can’t imagine ______
      grown up. (2006重庆)
      A. my                   B. mine            C. myself              D. me
      解析:由语境可知“她没想到我已成年了””,应当用宾格me作imagine的宾语;短语形容词grown up(成熟的,成年的)作宾补。答案是D。
      (2)Catherine bought a postcard of the place she was visiting, addressed
      ______ to______ and then posted it at the nearby post office.(2006安徽)
      A. it; her                      B. it; herself          C. herself; her   
         D. herself; herself
      解析:由address sth. to sb.
      (在信件或包裹上写上收件人的姓名及地址)可知,Catherine在买来的明信片上写上她自己的姓名及地址。答案是B。
      (3)I intended to compare notes with a friend, but unfortunately
      ______couldn’t spare me even one minute. (2004重庆)
             A. they                  B. one                   C. who           
            D. it
      解析:句中a friend (=one of my friends) 泛指我的朋友中的任何一个,代替名词my
      friends,且在but后的并列句中作主语用they。答案是A。
      (4)—Susan, go and join your sister cleaning the yard.
         —Why_____? John is sitting there doing nothing. (2003全国)
      A. him                   B. he                   C. I                     
       D. me
      解析:感叹疑问句或省略句中用人称代词的宾格。
      答案是D
      提示:下列情况也用宾格:
      ①在be后作表语。
      —Who is it? —It’s me. —谁?—是我呀。
      ②在单独使用或带not的简略回答中。如:
      —Who broke the cup? —谁打破了杯子?
      —Me! (Not me!)—我!(不是我!) 
      —I like swimming. —我喜欢游泳。
      —Me too. —我也是。
      ③在感叹疑问句中做主语,以引起强调。如:
      —You can tell him. —你可以告诉他。
      —Me tell him? Not likely!—我告诉他?不可能!
      ④在下列之类的祈使句中:
      He’s got to repay the money—poor him.他得偿还这笔钱——可怜的他呀!

考点2 名词性和形容词性物主代词的用法

      形容词性物主代词只能在名词前作定语,名词性物主代词相当于“形容词性物主代词+名词”,在句中作主语、宾语、表语或与of连用作后置定语,但不能作定语。
      【真题再现】(5)Some of the stamps belong to me, while the rest are _____.
      (2004上海春)
      A. him and her              B. his and hers              C. his and her   
          D. him and hers
      解析:在句中作表语,指“他的邮票和她的邮票”用his and her (=his stamps and her stamps)。答案是B。
      (6)—Is your camera like Bill’s and Ann’s?
            —No, but it’s almost the same as ______. (1994全国)
      A. her                B. yours               C. them              D. their
      解析:与it(=my camera)相比的应是your camera,与“形容词性物主代词+名词”相当的应是名词性物主代词,yours=your
      camera。答案是B。
      (7) The boy promised _____mother never to lie to _____again. (1991年)
      A. his, him             B. her, her             C. her, him            D.
      his, her
      解析:形容词性物主代词his作mother的定语;宾格人称代词her作介词to的宾语。答案是D。
      (8)Kate and her sister went on holiday with a cousin of _____. (1990全国)
            A. their               B. theirs                C. her              
         D. hers
      解析:of要与名词性物主代词一起作定语,排除A和C;又因Kate and her sister是复数,排除D。答案是B。
             (9)—Whose room is that?
             —It's_______ (1982全国)
             A. my               B. ours                  C. my brothers    D.
      of my brother
             解析:从语境看,答语应当是指“某人的房间”,只有选项B能表达此意,ours=our room。答案是B。
             (10)His camera is more expensive than ________. (1989全国)
             A. hers            B. her             C. it               D. its
             解析:与his camera作比较的应是“她的照相机”,用hers (=her camera)。答案是A。
             (11)Is her hair shorter than ________?(1981全国)
             A me             B. my                     C. mine             D. I
             解析:与her hair相比较的应是my hair,应用名词性物主代词是mine (=my hair)。答案是C。
     
考点3 反身代词的用法

      反身代词在句中可以作enjoy, teach, hurt, buy, introduce等动词和by, for,
      to等介词的宾语,还可以作主语或宾语的同位语,可译作“亲自,本人”,但不能作主语。
      【真题再现】(12)—Who called me this morning when I was out?(2006福建21)
      —A man calling ______ Robert.
      A. him                  B. himself                    C. his              
          D.不填
      解析:考查反身代词。因为“call
      sb./oneself+某名”就是“叫某人/自称某名字”;句意是“一个自称罗伯特的人”,用himself。答案是B。
      (13)You will find as you read fiats book that you just can’t keep some of
      these stones to ______. You will want to share them with a friend.
(2005湖南)
      A. itself              B. yourself           C. himself            D.
      themselves  
      解析:主语是you,要用yourself;to oneself是习语,指某人“独自享用,不与他人共享”。答案是B。
             (14)My daughter often makes a schedule to get ______ reminded of
      what she is to do in the day. (2005上海春)
             A. herself                     B. her                    C. she    
                    D. hers
             解析:句意是:“我女儿经常制定日程表,以便让她自自己知道这一天要干什么。”答案是A。
      (15)Tom felt that he knew everybody’s business better than they knew
      it______. (1996全国)
           A. themselves        B. oneself             C. itself               
      D. himself
      解析:能与they相呼应,并作they的同位语的,用反身代词themselves。答案是A。
      提示:请留意意含oneself的短语。如:(1) be oneself身体正常;(2)Make yourself at home!
      别客气!(3)make yourself understood 使你的话被人理解。
     
考点4 指示代词的用法

      指示词有this, that, these, those等。注意以下4点:
      (1) this, these是时间或空间上的“近指”,可与here连用;that, those是时间或空间上的“远指”,可与there连用。
      (2) 指上文提到的事一般用that,有时也用this,指下文的事只能用this。
      (3) 打电话时,用this来介绍自己,用that来问对方,不用I或you。
      (4) this和that还可表示程度,意为“如此,那么”,相当于so,作状语。
             【真题再现】(16)—He was nearly drowned once.
             —When was ______?
          —_____was in 1998 when he was in middle school. (2002北京春)
             A. that; It             B. this; This                C. this; It   
               D. that; This
      解析:指上文提到的事多用that;后空是强调结构的简略式,完整的句是It was in was in 1998 when he was in
      middle school that he was nearly drowned once.其中when he was in middle
      school是定语从句。答案是A。
      (17)Sometimes it was a bit boring to work there because there wasn’t
      always ______ much to do. (2004广东)
      A. such                B. that               C. more              D. very
      解析:much前用so, 不用such。口语中,常用that来代替so。答案是B。
     
考点5 疑问代词的意义和用法

      疑问代词有what, which, who, whom, whose等。用法要点如下:
      1. what除可用来询问人的身份外,一般指物;which可指人也可指物;who, whom, whose一般指人。
      【真题再现】(18)The mother didn’t know ______to blame for the broken glass as it
      happened while she was out.  (2002全国)
      A. who               B. when              C. how                       D.
      what
      解析:blame(责备)是及物动词,缺宾语,责备的应是打碎玻璃的人,该用who。答案是A。
             2. 没有一定的范围时,用what,意为“什么”;有一定范围时,用which,意为“(其中的)哪一个”。
             (19)There are so many kinds of tape-recorders on sale that I can’t
      make up my mind ______to buy. (1992全国)
      A. what               B. which             C. how                       D.
      where
      解析:buy缺宾语,排除副词C和D;表示在一定范围中不知买哪能一种,用which。答案是B。
     
考点6 表示两者和多者的不定代词的比较

      1. 表示两者“都”用both,表示两者“都不”用neither,表示两者中的“任一”用either。
             (20)If you can’t decide which of the two books to borrow, why don’t
      you take ______? I won’t read them this week. (2006浙江)
             A. all                     B. any                   C. either      
               D. both
             解析:由前后语境来看,应是建议对方将两本书都拿去看。答案是D。
             (21)You may drop in or just give me a call. ______ will do.(2006安徽)
             A. Either               B. Each                C. Neither          
        D. All
             解析:由前句可知是指两者中的“任何一个”,用either。答案是A。
             (22)—Which driver was to blame?
             —Why, _________! It was the child’s fault, clear and simple. He
      suddenly came out between two parked cars. (2006北京)
             A. both           B. each                  C. either               
             D. neither
             解析:由后文It was the child’s fault, clear and
      simple.可知,应答者认为“两个司机都不应负责”,用neither。答案是D。
            (23)There are two windows in the room. They ________face south.
      (1980全国)
             A. all               B. both              C. each              D.
      either
             解析:指“两者都”用both。答案是B。
             (24)I made a call to my parents yesterday. To my disappointment,
      _____of them answered it. (2005福建)
             A. either                B. none                 C. neither        
                  D. nobody
             解析:由my parents可知是指两者,由To my disappointment可知,两个中一个也没接电话。答案是C。
      (25)We asked John and Jerry, but _____of them could offer a satisfactory
      explanation. (2005北京春)
             A. either                B. none                 C. both           
            D. neither
      解析:由but可知,John 和Jerry“两者都不”。 答案是D。
             (26)I invited Joe and Linda to dinner, but ______ of them came.
      (2004北京)
             A. neither                     B. either                C. none    
                  D. both
             解析:因为指Joe和Linda两个人,排除C;又由but可知,她们两个人一个也没来,所以选neither。答案是A。
             (27)Both teams were in hard training, ______ was willing to lose
      the game.(2001上海)
             A. either                B. neither               C. another       
           D. the other
             解析:“两队都在努力训练”当然是“两队都不愿输”,表示“两者都不”用neither答案是B。
      (28)-Can you come on Monday or Tuesday?
          -I’m afraid ______day is possible. (1998全国)
          A. either                      B. neither              C. some        
            D. any
      解析:由I’m afraid可知,Monday和Tuesday两天都不行。答案是B。
             (29)-Are the two answers correct?
             -No, ________correct. (1986全国)
             A. no one is       B. both are not              C. neither is      
       D. either is not
      解析:由two和No可知“两个答案都不对”,no one(=nobody)只能指人,排除A;both are not
      correct是部分否定,意为“并非两者都对(即一对一错)”,与no矛盾,排除B;英语中有not…either(=neither)的说法,但不能说either…not,排除D;表示完全否定“两者都不”用neither。答案是C。
      (30)-There’s coffee and tea; you can have _____. 
      -Thanks. (2003全国)
          A. either                B. each                  C. one              
          D. it
      解析:指coffee和tea两者中的“任何一种”用either。答案是A。
      (31)-Do you want tea or coffee?
           -______.I really don’t mind. (2000北京春)
            A. Both                B. None              C. Either              
      D. Neither
      解析:由上文tea or coffee可知,是指两者;由I really don’t mind 可知,这两种饮料中的“任何一种”都行。答案是C。
      (32)-Shall I sit at this end of the boat or the other end?
             -If you keep still, you can sit at ________end. (1987全国)
             A. neither          B. each                  C. either           
      D. any
             解析:boat应当是两端,表示“你可坐在任一端”,“(两者中的)任一”是either。
             答案是C

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