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高考前重点词语复习(中)
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry | 更新时间:2006-1-31 | 字体: |
作副词,前面不加介词。
164. hope 用法:hope for; hope to do; hope that
Note: 不能说hope sb. to do.
165. however用法:副词,在句中作插入语,起一个连词的作用,一般有逗号与句子分开。
Note: however 加副词 / 形容词,引导一个状语从句。However hard he tries, he never succeeds.
166. hurt 用法:Me leg hurts. He was hurt.
Note: 作不及物动词时表示疼痛;作及物动词时多指情感上的伤害。
167. ill 用法:be/fall ill; speak ill of; ill manners
Note: 表示生病时是表语性形容词,不能作定语;作定语时表示不良的。
168. immediately用法:它本身是一个副词,意为“立即,马上”= at once = right away
Note: 可以引导一个时间状语从句= as soon as 。Immediately he entered, all of us stood up.
169. in用法:in a flash, in a good time, in a moment, in addition to, in aid of, in chains, in fact, in memory of
Note: in time 及时,有提前之意;最后,终于。on time 指正点,踩着时间点。In也可以作副词。
170. include 用法:including me; me included
Note: include表示部分包括;而contain表示全部包括。
171. increase 用法:increase to/by
Note: 表示自然增长时用不及物动词形式,表示人为增长时用及物动词形式。
172. insist 用法:insist that sb. should do; insist on doing sth.
Note: 当insist表示坚持要求做某事的时候,后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气;当insist表示坚持认为的时候,不用虚拟语气。如:He insisted that I should come to his office at one o’clock. He insisted that I didn’t return the money.
173. intend用法:intend to do sth. / doing sth. / that…, intend sb. to do sth./
Note: intend for (原)打算给某人;准备让某人干…。是别人干;mean to do sth. 是自己干。
174. interest 用法:be interested in; a place of interest
Note: 表示一般意义的时候不可数;表示具体的兴趣爱好可数。
175. join 用法:join in; join up; join to
Note: join表示加入一个组织;join in表示加入一种活动。
176. judge 用法:judge by; judge from
Note: 当表示由……来判断的时候,要用Judging from的形式作状语。
177. jump 用法:jump up/onto/down; jump the stream
Note: 作名词时可以表示跳远,如:long jump.
178. just 用法:just now/then; just a little boy; just struggle
Note: just now通常与过去时搭配;just通常与完成时搭配;用作形容词时意为“公正的,适当的”
179. keep 用法:keep quiet; keep doing; keep on doing; keep sb. from doing
Note: keep doing表示不间断地做某事;keep on doing表示动作是时断时续的。
180. kind 用法:a kind of; all kinds of; It is kind of you to do that.
Note: 可以用Would you be so kind as to sth.表示劳驾。
181. last 用法:last week; last for two hours
Note: the last but one表示倒数第二。作动词表示持续,后跟时间。The meeting will last two hours.
182. late 用法:be late for; come late to; late at night
Note: late作副词表示晚;而副词lately表示近来。
183. law 用法:by law; make/pass/observe/break the law
Note: 表示抽象意义时不可数;表示具体法律时可数。
184. lay 用法:lay the table; lay eggs
Note: lay的过去式及过去分词都是laid.
185. lead 用法:lead to; lead sb. in doing; led by , lead sb. to do sth.
Note: lead to表示导致,其中的to是一个介词。
186. learn 用法:learn from; learn that…, learn sth. by heart
Note: learned people表示博学的人;learn that表示得知。
187. leave 用法:leave for; leave sth. to; ask for leave
Note: 可以在leave后面分用词作宾语补足语,如:Please don’t leave the pot uncovered.
188. lesson 用法:Lesson Two; teach sb. a lesson; draw a lesson, give sb. a lesson
Note: lesson表示所学的内容;class表示课程。
189. let 用法:let sb. do; let in/out, let alone
Note: Let’s go home, shall we? Let us go home, will you?
190. lie 用法:lie in; lie to sb.
Note: 表示说谎时的过去式和过去分词都是lied; 表示躺卧、存在、位于某个地点时过去式为lay, 过去分词为lain.
191. like用法:like to do sth. / doing sth. ; feel like doing sth. ; look like ; nothing like; do as one likes, if you like
Note: 作动词是“喜欢”;作介词,形容词是“像”。How do you like…?你觉得…怎么样?
192. likely用法:be likely to do sth. ; It is likely that…;
Note: 作副词的时候多和most, very 连用。 We will most likely be late.
193. little 用法:little boy; little hope; a little; little by little
Note: 做形容词表示数量时只能修饰不可数名词;作副词用在句首时句子要用倒装语序。
194. live用法:live and learn, live by, live apart, live from hand to mouth, live on,
Note: live 形容词,活的,与dead相对应,一般作定语;还可以表示实况直播。作表语用alive。lively活泼的,活跃的;living作定语,活着的。
195. lonely 用法:a lonely house; feel lonely
Note: lonely是以ly结尾的形容词,可以作定语也可以作表语,主要表示孤独的状态。
196. long用法:long face, long memory, for long, all day long, so long 再见。
Note: long 作为动词,意为渴望,跟不定式; long for 后面跟名词。
197. look 用法:look fine; look as if; look at/into/through/back/down upon
Note: 与see不同的是,look at主要强调看的动作,不强调看的内容。
198. lose 用法:be lost; lose one’s life; lost heart
Note: be lost往往表示丢失了,而be

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