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最新英语高考考前重点词汇复习[5]
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry | 更新时间:2008-3-21 | 字体: |

311. sky 用法:in the sky; skies
特殊用法:表示世上独一无二的事物,前面用定冠词;在有形容词修饰时,前面有时加不定冠词。如:Pink clouds floated in a pale sky.
312. sleep 用法:go to sleep; sleep soundly
Note: sleeping表示熟睡的;sleepy表示昏昏欲睡的。
313. smell用法:smell sth. , sth. smell + 形容词。Smell like…, smell out
Notre: smell 作系动词,后面一般跟形容词作表语,不能用被动语态和进行时态。
314. snow 用法:snow hard; snowstorm
Note: 表示物质的时候不可数;表示一场雪的时候可数。
315. so 用法:so as to do sth. , so far, so far as, so long as, so that.. ,so-so, so-called, or so, even so, and so on
Note: so…that… 状语从句,从句中有情态动词表示目的,没有表结果;so … as…引导定语从句。 It so happened that…碰巧。

316. sometimes 用法:表示频率的副词,经常用在一般现在时中。
Note: some times表示几次;some time表示一段时间;sometime表示某一时刻。
317. soon 用法:as soon as; sooner or later; soon after; how soon , as soon as possible / one can
Note: no sooner …than表示刚……就……,用在句首时,句子用倒装语序,
如:No sooner had he arrived than he began to complain.
318. sorry 用法:be sorry for; I’m sorry, but… , be sorry to do sth. / have done sth.
Note: 表示难过时只能作表语;作定语时表示可怜的、悲惨的。如:a sorry look.
319. space 用法:in space; spaceship; a parking space
Note: 表示宇宙空间时不可数;表示空间、空地时可以作可数名词,也可以作不可数名词。
320. spare用法:spare sth. , sspare sb. sth. , spare sth. to do sth., spare no effort to do sth. / in sth.
Note: 作为形容词,意为“多余的,空闲的”,“富余的”,“清瘦的”。

321. speak用法:speak for, speak of, speak out, speak to, speak with, generally / strictly speaking
Note: 作及物动词时,只能跟语言作其宾语:He can speak Chinese.
322. spend 用法:spend …in doing; spend …on sth.
Note: 必须用人作spend的主语。
323. sport 用法:sports and games; sportsman; sports meet
Note: 表示某项运动时可数;表示运动的总称时不可数;作定语用时常用复数。
324. stand用法:stand for, stand by, stand on one’s head / hands, stand out as, stand up, stand up for, stand up to
Note: 作为系动词表示状态,意为“位于”,作为及物动词可表示“忍受,经受”。
325. start用法:start to do sth. start doing sth. start for / off / out / up / with, at the start, from start to finish
Note: start 着重突然开始的动作,常用来表示“开动,发动”。start the car, start to work
start vi.跳起;出发;开始 What time do you start work? 你什么时候开始工作?
start from 从...开始 start with 就此开始 to schedule one hour a week--to start with.安排一星期一个小时。 start in 开始 start after sb. 追赶上某人 start off 动身出发 start out 着手进行
start up 开工,突然站起来 at the very start 一开始

326. steal用法:steal a glance / look 偷偷瞧一眼,steal away, steal sth. from sb.
Note: 及物动词意为“偷”;不及物动词意为“溜”。steal into the house
327. stick 用法:with a stick; walking stick; stick out; stick to sth.
特殊用法:表示困住的时候多作不及物动词,如:The key has stuck in the lock.
328. stop 用法:stop doing; stop to do; a bus stop; stop sb. from doing
Note: stop doing表示停止做某事;stop to do表示停下来去做别的事。
329. strike 用法:strike twelve; be on strike; be struck, go on strike
Note: struck和stricken都是strike的过去分词。stricken主要用作定语,表示受灾的、受罪的,如:All the people were rescued from the stricken ship.
330. study 用法:in the study; study sth.,
Note: 名词经常用复数,表示各种学科的学习,如:I will not end my studies when I leave school.

331. succeed用法:succeed in doing sth., succeed to the throne, succeed …as
Note: 不及物动词意为“成功”,常和介词in连用。及物动词意为“继任,继承”。
332. suffer用法:suffer from sth.
Note: 受苦,受到;suffer from 后面跟疾病名,“生….病”。suffering 名词,痛苦,苦难。
333. suggest 用法:suggest doing; suggest that
Note: 当suggest表示建议的时候,后面的从句要用虚拟语气,即suggest that sb. should do的形式;当suggest表示显示的时候,不用虚拟语气。如:He suggested that we should leave at once. The smile on his face suggested that he was very pleased.
334. suit 用法:a suit of; suit sb.
Note: suit表示服装的颜色、款式,或某种情境等适合某人;fit表示服装的大小对某人合适。
335. supply用法:supply sth. , supply sb. with sth. = supply sth. to sb.
Note: 可以作名词用,意为“给养,供应品”,可数。in short supply 供应不足

336. suppose 用法:suppose that… , be supposed to do sth.
Note: suppose 可以用作连词引导从句,意为“假定”= supposing that….
337. surprise 用法:in surprise; by surprise; to one’ surprise; be surprised at…, surprise sb. doing sth.
Note: 在surprise后面经常用动词不定式作原因状语,如:He was very surprised to see me.
338. take 用法:take up/on/for/off/back/away/out/down, take it for granted that…
Note: 当take表示花费的时候,常用it作形式主语,即It takes/took sb. some time to do sth.
take vt.耗费(时间);需要 I used to take a walk in the early morning. 我过去常一大早出去散步。
take away 拿走,离开 20. I want to take away the book which you showed me yesterday.我想带走你昨天给我看的那本书。 take back 拿回来 take back one's words 收回(刚讲的话)
take A for B 把A误认为是B take in sth 接受 take in sb 欺骗
take off 起飞,取消 Before gold,even kings take off their hats. 在黄金面前,国王也要脱帽。
take on 呈现,承担 The U.S. will take one route, the Japan take other. 美国和日本采取不同的新路径。
take on sb 雇用 take up 占据(时间,地方),从事于
take pride in =be proud of 引以为豪 take turn 轮流 take in turn 依次
take pains to do 努力做某事 take a chance 碰运气
take a lead 带头 take effect 生效 take charge of 负责 take one's leave 告辞
339. talk 用法:talk of/about/back; talk sth. Over
Note: talk主要强调说话者之间的交流,不强调说的内容。
340. taste用法:taste sth. , taste like, in good / bad taste , of taste, to one’s taste
Note: 做连系动词以为“尝起来”,后跟形容词。作名词意为“品味,格调,修养”等。

341. teach 用法:teach oneself; teach sb. how to swim, teach school
Note: 引申意义表示教训,如:teach sb. a lesson. 注意比较:give us a lesson
342. tear用法:tear down / off / in half / in two / one’s hair / to pieces / up ; in tears, bust into tears
Note: 作动词意为“扯,拉,撕”;作名词意为“眼泪”。
343. tell用法:tell sb. sth. , tell sb. to do sth. tell a story, tell of, tell about, tell one’s fortune, to tell you the truth
Note: tell … from… 把…与…区分开来。该词一般用于双宾语句型或宾补句型。
344. think 用法:think of/about/over/out/up/ through / highly of, think of…as… ;6123结构。
Note: 可以用think aloud表示自言自语;think to oneself心里想。
think v.思考;认为;想起 Yes, I think so. 是的,我认为是。
think about 考虑,关心 What do you think about it? 你对此怎么看?
think of 想起,记得,觉得怎样 What do you think of their skill? 你觉得他们演奏技术如何?
think of as 把...当作... think over 仔细考虑 think out 想出,解决了,想清楚
think back to 回想过去 think well of 高度评价 think highly of 高度评价
345. through 用法:through the window/bridge; get/look/go through
Note: 表示纵向穿越或穿越一个立体结构。
* throw v.投射;摔倒 n.投掷 to throw a plane 抛(纸)飞机
throw about 到处扔 throw away 扔掉,浪费(金钱),失去(机会)
throw back 扔回来,阻止,进攻 throw down 扔下来,推翻 within a stones throw off 靠...很近
throw in 扔,扔进 throw into 扔,扔进 throw in a word or two 插一两句话
throw off 匆忙地脱掉,摆脱,扔掉 throw off one's airs 放下某人的架子 throw on 匆忙穿上
throw out 赶走 Don't throw out the baby with the bath water. 切勿良莠不分一起抛。
throw light on 提供线索,有助理解某事 throw one's self into 投入 throw cold water 泼冷水

346. tire 用法:tire sb.; be tired of/from
Note: 现在分词tiring表示令人疲倦的;过去分词tired表示感到疲倦、厌烦的。
347. touch 用法:keep in touch; get into touch; be out of touch
Note: keep in touch with表示与……保持联系;get into touch with表示与……取得联系。
348. train 用法:by train; take the train; training
Note: 当train前面有定冠词的时候,不能用介词by, 要用on.
349. treat用法:treat … as… , treat sb. to sth. treat with, be one’s treat, under treatment
Note: 作为动词有“治疗”之意,但只强调治疗的动作,不注重结果。
350. trouble 用法:in trouble; trouble sb.; get into trouble; have trouble doing
Note: have trouble doing表示做某事有困难;take trouble to do表示不辞辛苦地做某事。

351. try 用法:try one’s best to do sth. ; try to do sth. ; try doing sth. ; try sb., try on
特殊用法:try to do表示尽力;try doing表示试着做。
352. turn 用法:in turn; by turns; turn on/off/down/up/in/to/out/over/round
Note: 当turn用作系动词时,后面的名词前不加冠词,如:After years of hard work, he turned writer.
turn v.转向,旋转 n.轮流 Open your books and turn to page 20. 打开书,翻到第20页。
turn back 翻回到+to turn down 拒绝,音量调低
turn up 音量调高,出席 L: You can fill in this lost property report, and I'll keep my eye out for it. Those kinds of things usually turn up eventually, but I suggest you contact your embassy and tell them about your situation, so they can issue you a new passport in case it doesn't show up.管理员:你来填这张遗失报告表,我会替你留意的。像这样的东西,最后总是会出现的。但我建议你跟你们的大使馆联系并把你的情形告诉他们。万一你的护照找不到的话,他们会给你补发新护照的。
turn in 上交 Please turn in your paper before leaving. 请在离开前将论文交上。
turn oneself in 自首 turn into 把...变成...,把...翻译成...
turn out 结果是,制造出,生产出,培养出,关(煤气) 50. How did the game turn out? 球赛结果如何?
turn over 移交,把...打翻 turn to 转向,求助于,翻到第几页 Open your books and turn to page 20. 打开书,翻到第20页。
turn to sb for help 求助于 turn against 背叛 turn by one's 轮流,交替
in one's turn 轮到某人做某事 it is one's turn to do sth 轮到某人做某事
353. under 用法:under the table; under 20 years old; under discussion / treatment / construction
Note: 引申意义表示在……的管辖之下,如:He had nearly fifty men under him.
354. unless 用法:表示除非,主语通常用现在时,从句用一般现在时。
Note: 从句中的有些成分通常可省略,如:He will never come here unless invited.
355. until 用法:not …until …; it was not until …that …当not until…用在句首时,主句要用部分倒装。
Note:主句谓语动词是延续性的动词用肯定;是瞬间动词则用否定形式,以构成not…until结构。

356. urge用法:urge sb. to do sth. , urge that…, urge to, urge for,
Note: 作为及物动词,意为“敦促,呼吁,促使,驱使,强调”等意思。
357. up用法:up and down, up to, be well up in / on,
Note: It is up to sb. to do sth. 应/该由某人决定做某事。
358. upstairs 用法:go upstairs
Note: 用作定语时,要定语后置,如:a room upstairs.
359. used 用法:a used car; used to do; be used to doing; be used to do
Note: used to do表示过去常常做某事;be used to doing表示习惯于做某事;be used to do表示被用来做某事。
360. usual 用法:as usual; usual place
Note: usual和common都可以翻译成通常的。usual表示时间上的经常性;而common表示范围上的普遍性。

361. various 用法:various kinds
特殊用法:在various后面只能用复数名词,而在different后面既可以用单数名词,也可以用复数名词。
362. very 用法:very good/well; the very book
Note: 表示非常的时候是副词;作形容词表示加强语气。He is the very man I want to work with.
363. wait用法:wait about, wait for, wait on , wait to do sth. , wait until…, wait up, waiting room
Note: 不及物动词,在某些搭配中是及物动词:wait the answer, wait the result, wait one’s chance
364. want 用法:want to do; want sb. to do; You are wanted on the phone.
Note: 在want在表示需要时,want doing = want to be done如:This room wants cleaning.
365. warn 用法:warn sb. to sth. warn sb. of sth. warn sb. that…
Note: warn sb. not to do sth. = warn sb. against doing sth.

366. waste用法:waste sth. waste away, waste one’s breath, waste sth. In doing sth.
Note: 作名词用时意为“浪费”不可数,但可加不定冠词。It’s a waste of time your talking to him.
367. watch用法:watch sb. / sth. , watch sb. doing sth. / do sth. / done /
介词短语,watch for / out / out for / over, on watch , go on watch, keep a watch on, keep watch
Note: 用在祈使句中一般意为“当心”;作名词是手表的意思。
368. way 用法:by the way; in the way; in a way; make one’s way, under way, ways and means, on the way to
Note: in the way表示挡路、妨碍;in a way表示在某种意义上。
369. wear 用法:wear a new shirt; wear out
Note: wear除了表示穿着之外,还可以表示佩戴,如:wear new glasses; wear a necklace; wear a flower
wear v.穿,戴,磨损,耐久 What will you wear for the party? 晚会上你穿什么?
wear sb out 使某人精疲力尽 wear sth out 使某物被穿破
wear off 慢慢地消失掉,褪掉 wear away 磨掉,(时间)消逝 wear on (时间)消逝
370. weigh 用法:It weighs 15 pounds. It weighs light / heavy.
Note: 作及物动词意为“权衡,考虑”。weight 名词;weighty 形容词。

371. well 用法:well done; in the well; well worth; He is well. do well in
Note: 在表示身体好的时候well是形容词,在表示其它意思的时候是副词。
372. will用法:against one’s will, at will, good / ill will, be willing to do sth., Will you please do sth?
Note: 作为助动词,表示纯粹的将来;情态动词表示意愿;作名词表示意志,遗嘱。
373. when用法:可引导时间状语从句,定语从句,条件状语从句 since when, when doing sth.
Note: when引导的从句中,动词既可以是瞬间动词,也可以是延续性动词。
374. while 用法:a little while; for a while; once in a while
Note: 可以表示对比关系,翻译成然而,如:He likes sports while I enjoy reading.
375. win 用法:win the game; win a prize
Note: win的宾语不能是对手,不能说win sb. in the game.

376. wish 用法:wish sb. good luck/all the best; wish that…
Note: wish表示不能实现的愿望,因此在后面的宾语从句中要使用虚拟语气。
377. without用法:without delay, do without, go without, without number, do / go without
Note: 介词引起短语作状语,不同的名词有不同的意思。
378. wonder用法:wonder that…/ to do sth. / at / about , do wonders , It’s a (no) wonder that..
Note: I wonder if you would do sth? 表示委婉地提出请求或疑问。名词表示奇迹,难怪
379. word 用法:in one’s own words; in other words; in a word
Note: 可以表示命令、消息等,前面不加冠词,如:Word came that I was wanted at the office.
380. work 用法:at work; out of work; go to work; work out; doesn’t work, work as, work at
Note: 还有起作用,有效果。名词表示工作不可数;表示著作可数;works表示工厂,为单复同形。
work vi.(机器等)运转;活动 I'll work for the next 5 days. 我要工作5天(从明天算起)
work on 从事于某项工作 I'll work on my computer. 我要练电脑。 work on a problem 从事于某项工作
work out 算出(总数)to work out a sum 算出总数 带来好结果;有预期的结果Things will work themselves out. 事情会有好结果的。运动;锻炼to work out daily with sparring partner 每天和拳击陪练员练习 I could work out in your class with no problem. 如果我去你的班上做运动 一定不会觉得有问题。(矿山)开采完,采尽
work at 在做... I start work at 8 o'clock. 我八点开始工作。 work in with 配合 work up 准备
work in 编进去 Yes. I'm a designer, and I work in a boutique. 是的 我是位设计师 我在一家服装店工作
381. worth 用法:be worth doing; be worth 5 dollars; be worthy to be done, be worthy of being done
Note: worth翻译成某事值得被做,但后面要用动名词的主动形式,不能用被动形式,
382. youth 用法:in one’s youth; youth club; a good youth 
Note: 作可数名词时表示个体;作不可数名词时表示整体。

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