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英语高考考纲词汇详解
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:ruoyang | 更新时间:2008-10-24 | 字体: |

1. accurate a. 正确无误的,精确的   

 Is your watch accurate or not? 你的手表准不准?   

 I have to hand in an accurate report of what happened early tomorrow morning.   

明天一早我就要交上一份关于发生的一切的准确报告。   

2. adapt v. 修改,改编, 使适合   

 Her husband adapted an old tractor motor to his boat.   

她丈夫把一台旧拖拉机的马达装到小船上了。   

 This novel has been adapted for TV from Korean.这本小说已经由韩语改编为电视节目。   

3. adult n. 成年人   

 This is a game designed for adults only.这是个只为成年人设计的游戏。   

 She can't wait to become an adult.她急于长大成人。   

4. advantage n. ①优点好处   

①Will you make lists of the advantages and the disadvantages?   

 你能列表分别说明这些优点和缺点吗?   

 What are the advantages of the electric light? 电灯的优点有哪些?   

 ②It would be to your advantage to get experience in working abroad.   

 你要是有去国外工作的经历将使你受益非浅。   

Your good knowledge of English gave you advantage over the others.   

 你的英文好使你有了其他人没有的长处。   

5. agent n. 代理人,经纪人   

 You'd better not believe that insurance agent.你最好别相信那个保险经纪人的话。   

 You can ask our agents in the  Middle East  for further information.   

 要了解更多详情你可以联系我们在中东的代理人。   

6. aid n. ①援助救护辅助器具   

①The villagers have lived on government aid for years.村民们已经靠政府救助好几年了。   

 Nobody came to her aid when she was in trouble.她身陷困境但无人施援。   

②First aid, if given in time, can save a person's life.   

急救,如果实施及时是可以挽救人的生命的。   

 The students have been taught to know first aid.学生们被教会了急救。   

③The girl needs a hearing-aid.女孩需要一副助听器。   

 The patients have to breathe with the aid of oxygen masks.病人们必须借助氧气面罩呼吸。   

  v. 援助, 帮助   

 Our professor encouraged and aided us in our scientific research work.   

我们教授鼓励和帮助我们进行科学研究。   

Aided by a passer-by, she managed to walk to the police station.   

在一位过路人的帮助下,她来到了警察局。   

7. apply v. 申请   

 I suggest you apply immediately in person.我建议你马上亲自前去申请。   

 Anybody can apply for Internet services through the telephone office.   

 任何人都可以通过电话局申请互联网服务。   

8. appointment n. 约会   

 What time is your doctor's appointment? 你与医生的预约定在几点?   

 Please remind me of the appointment with the project manager.   

 请到时提醒我与项目经理的约见。   

9. atmosphere n. ①大气气氛   

① Something must be done to stop polluting the atmosphere of our earth.   

必须采取行动来制止污染我们地球的大气层。   

The spaceship crashed when it went through the atmosphere.   

宇宙飞船在穿越大气层的时候坠毁了。   

② The atmosphere in the meeting room changed as soon as she walked in.   

她一走进去会议室的气氛就变了。   

The atmosphere over our dinner was warm and friendly.我们用餐时的气氛热情友好。   

10. attach v. 附上,使隶属   

 The map is attached to the wall by a nail.地图被用钉子固定在墙上。   

 Are you studying at a middle school attached to   Beijing   University  ?   

 你是在北京大学的一所附属中学读书吗?   

11. audience n. 观众, 听众   

 Her speech drew a large audience.她的演讲吸引了很多听众。   

 The singer called for a member of the audience to join him on stage.   

歌手请一位观众上台跟他一起表演。   

12. available a. 可用的,可得到的    

Sorry, madam, those boots are not available in your size.   

 抱歉,夫人,但这里的靴子没有适合你穿的号码。   

 Is the doctor available now? 现在医生有空吗?   

13. award n. 奖品, 奖励   

 The award went to an Indian director.一位印度导演夺得该项奖。   

 She showed us the awards she had won for her scientific research work.   

她给我们看了她因为她所做的科学研究工作而获得的奖项。   

14. bar n. ①(长方)块,棒,横木   

 ①Mother found a bar of soap in the kitchen.妈妈在厨房找到一条肥皂。   

Would you like a bar of chocolate? 你要吃块巧克力吗?   

②The criminal was placed behind prison bars.罪犯被关在监牢里。   

 If the temperature of the metal bar is high, will the expansion be great?   

若是金属条的温度很高,其膨胀会非常剧烈吗?   

15. benefit n. 利益,好处    

 I've done it for her benefit.我那样做是为她好。   

 The new change of the terms will be of great benefit to everyone.   

这学期的新变化将对大家都有利。   

v. ①有益于获益   

①The library has benefited the whole town.图书馆对全镇上的人有益。   

 Such foolish behavior will not benefit your case.这样愚蠢的举动对你的案子没有好处。   

 ②Who would be more likely to benefit from your death? 你要是死了谁将受益?   

 The young man hasn't benefited from the experience.   

那个年轻人虽然有此经历但却没有长进。   

16. blank n. 空格,空白(处)   

 Write your full name in the blank, please.请在空格处写上你的全名。   

 Fill in the blanks with proper words.用合适的词汇填空。   

 When I tried to remember her name, my mind was a complete blank.   

 当我试图记起她的名字时,我的大脑一片空白。   

a. ①空的茫然无表情的   

①Please write your name and number in the blank space at the top of the paper.   

请在试卷上部的空白处写下你的姓名和号码。   

 May I have some blank pages? 可以给我些白纸吗?   

 ② I mentioned your name, but the secretary looked blank.   

 我提到了你的名字,但秘书似乎目无表情。   

 We tried to explain again, but he just gave us a blank look.   

 我们还要再作解释,但是他只是毫无表情地看了我一眼。   

17. comment n. 评论   

 I asked him if he had any comments about the project.我问他对该项目有何评论。   

 She refused to make a comment on the incident.她拒绝就那个事件发表看法。   

18. conclusion n. ①结论结束   

 ①How could they draw different conclusions from the same facts   

 他们怎么会从同样的事实得出不同的结论呢?   

 I've come to the conclusion that it was unwise to follow her advice.   

 我已经得出结论,照她的建议做不是明智之举。   

 The conclusion of the movie was exciting.电影的结尾很扣人心弦。   

 The debate didn't come to a conclusion until midnight.直到半夜辩论才结束。   

19. confuse v. 混淆,使弄错,使迷惑   

 I was confused by all the noise.那些噪音把我搞得晕头晕脑的。   

 Don't confuse Australia with Austria.别把澳大利亚跟奥地利混了。   

 The sisters look so alike that almost everybody confuses them.   

 那两姊妹长得非常相象因此几乎每个人都会把她们搞混。   

20. crime n.(法律上的)罪,犯罪   

 Anyone who does a crime must expect to be punished.任何人只要犯罪就只有等待惩罚。   

It's the job of our police to prevent crime.我们的警察的职责就是阻止犯罪。   

21. diagram n. 图表,图样   

 Diagrams are often used in his essays.他的论文中经常用到图表。   

 What can we infer from the above diagram? 我们能从上面的图表中推断出什么来呢?   

22. dial vt.拨(电话号码)   

 Is it you who dialed the office number? 是你拨打办公室的电话了吗?   

 Sorry, but you dialed the wrong number.抱歉,你拨错号码了。   

23. doll n. 玩偶,玩具娃娃   

 Our daughter is playing with her baby doll on the living-room floor.   

 我们女儿在卧室的地板上玩布娃娃。   

 How dirty you've got your doll! 你看你把你的玩具娃娃弄得多脏了!   

24. emergency n. 紧急情况或状态   

 Press the button in an emergency.急情况就按这个按钮。   

 Everyone managed to leave the cinema by the emergency exit.   

每个人都从紧急出口撤出了电影院。   

25. environment n. 环境   

 Now everybody has come to realize the importance of protecting the environment.   

现在每个人都认识到了保护环境的重要性了。   

 Good parents should provide a loving environment for their children.   

 好的父母应该为孩子提供一个爱意融融的环境。   

26. evidence n. 证明   

 Have you had evidence that the killer was a woman? 你有证据表明凶手是女的吗?   

 He couldn't show us any evidence for his statement. 他不能提供支持他的说法的任何证明。   

27. exchange n. ①交换,掉换交流   

 ①She gave me a smile in exchange for my help.我帮了她一忙博得了她的莞尔一笑。   

 I'd like to take this green pen for an exchange.我愿意换成这支绿钢笔。   

 ②There was a frank exchange of opinions between both sides.双方坦诚地交换了意见。   

 Carl is an exchange teacher.卡尔是位出国交流的老师。   

28. guilty a. ①有罪的,犯罪的自觉有罪的   

①He is a guilty man.他是个有罪的人。   

The man was declared guilty.那人被判有罪。   

②I feel guilty about having to tell a lie.我为说了谎而感到内疚。   

I feel guilty about not having written to you sooner.我因为没有尽快给您写信感到愧疚。   

29. hamburger n. 汉堡包   

Children like hamburgers.孩子们喜欢吃汉堡包。   

Hamburger is a pop fast food in America.汉堡包是美国的一种快餐食品。   

30. harm n. 伤害, 损害   

 She means no harm to you by telling you the truth.她只是告诉你实话,并无恶意。   

 Smoking does great harm to your health.吸烟对人身体极其有害。   

v. 伤害, 损害   

 There was a fire in their street last night but most of the houses weren't harmed at all.   

昨天晚上他们住的街上失火了,但大多数房子未受损害。   

 The old Buddhist wouldn't harm a fly.那个老佛教徒不愿意伤害一只苍蝇。   

31. illegal a. 违法的,非法的   

 It's illegal to park your jeep here.你把吉普车停在这里是违法的。   

 They were regarded as illegal immigrants and then sent back.   

 他们被认定是非法移民而遣返回来了。   

32. influence n. 影响   

The heroic deed has a great influence on the little boy.   

这个英雄事迹对这个小男孩的影响很大。   

She has a strange influence over the prisoner.她对那名囚犯有种奇妙的影响。   

  v. 影响   

Don't let me influence your own decision.别让我影响你自己的决定。   

 The parents will influence the children a lot.父母会极大地影响孩子。   

33. inform vt. 告诉, 通知   

The headmaster informed the students that they could have two-day off at the weekend.   

校长通知学生这个周末放假两天。   

 We will inform you if we get something further.我们有了进一步的消息会通知你的。   

34. intelligence n. 聪明才智,理解力   

 He was eager to know the result of the intelligence test.他急于知道智力测验的结果。   

 Use your intelligence in your work.干活时要多动脑子。   

35. jazz n. 爵士音乐,爵士舞曲   

Which one do you prefer,traditional jazz or modern jazz?   

 传统爵士乐和现代爵士乐你更喜欢哪个?   

Jazz has a long history in America.爵士乐在美国有很久远的历史了。   

36. link v. 连接, 联系   

All the towns in this area are linked together by the new road.    

这条新修的马路把这个地区的所有的城镇都连接起来了。   

The two twins walked with the arms linked together.这对双胞胎相互挽着手臂走。   

37. liquid n. 液体   

 If you add too much liquid the mixture will not be thick enough.   

 要是你加入太多液体混合液的浓度就不够。   

Water is a liquid.水是一种液体。   

  a. 液体的   

Liquid gold can be made into different shapes.液态金可制成不同的形状。   

The boy had been operated on and had to take only liquid food.   

男孩做了手术只能吃流质食物。   

38. moral a. 道德的   

 He refused to join the army on moral grounds because he thought it was wrong to kill people.   

他以道德为依据拒绝参军,因为他认为杀人是不对的。   

What right do you have to make moral judgments about me?   

你有什么权力对我作道德上的评价?   

n. 寓意,道德启示   

The moral of the short story is that crime doesn't pay.那个短篇故事的寓意是犯罪得不偿失。   

I think the moral of this text is ‘Better late than never'.   

我认为课文给我们的启示是迟做总比不做好。   

39. mourn vt. 哀痛,哀悼   

 The young mother was mourning her baby's death.年轻的母亲在为孩子的死而伤心。   

 We have no need to mourn the passing of the steam train.   

我们没有必要为蒸汽火车的停止使用感到惋惜   

40. original a. ①原先的,最初的 独特的, 新颖的 原版的,非抄袭的   

① The house ought to be returned to its original owner.房子应该物归原主。   

It's amazing that you still have the original wood floor.   

你还保留着原来的木地板真令人吃惊。   

② Who thought of the original idea? 是谁想出这个独出心裁的主意的?   

What an original T-shirt you are wearing today! Where did you get it?   

你今天穿的T恤衫真是与众不同。哪里买的?   

③ He has a good collection of original paintings of Picasso.   

他收藏了好多张毕加索的原创画作。   

I don't think the drawing is original.我看这幅画不是原件。   

  n. 原作,原件   

  Will you give me back the original and keep a copy only?   

你把原件还我只保留一张复印件好吗?   

  I have read some English novels in the original.我读过几本原版英文小说。   

41. outer a. 外部的,外面的   

They painted the outer wall of that castle green.他们把城堡的外墙漆成绿色。   

The outer space is still an unknown world to us.外太空对我们来说还是个未知的世界。   

42. phrase n. 短语, 习惯用语   

 Today's homework is to remember the phrases we learned today.   

今天的作业就是把今天所学的短语记住。   

 Did you notice that some of the English phrases were hard to translate into Chinese?   

你注意到一些英语短语是很难翻译成汉语的了吗?   

43. primary a. 初等的, 初级的   

 Her first job was working as a teacher in a primary school.她的第一份工作是在小学任教。   

 As far as I can see, the disease is still in its primary stage.我看这病尚处于初期阶段。   

44. province n.   

 How many provinces are there in your country? 你们国家有几个省?   

 My husband and I are from the same province.我丈夫和我是同一个省的人。   

45. remark n. 陈述, , 议论   

 Such were his remarks at the get-together.这就是他在聚会上说的话。   

 Can you make a few remarks on this subject? 对这一话题您作何评论?   

46. rocket n. 火箭   

 It's believed that we Chinese invented the rocket.人们相信是我们中国人发明了火箭。   

 A new type of rocket shot into the air with the spacecraft in which he traveled.   

一种新型的火箭跟他所乘的飞船一起升入空中。   

47. salad n. 色拉(西餐中的一种凉拌菜)   

 Mother is preparing a salad.妈妈在做色拉。   

 The fruit salad is the first dish at the dinner.水果色拉是大餐的第一道菜。   

48. scare v. 使害怕,使吃惊   

 The terrible noise scared me.可怕的声音吓坏了我。   

 They lighted a fire to scare off the wolves.他们点了一堆火来吓跑狼群。   

49. section n. ①部分部门   

 ①Is there a section on accident at work in your report?   

 你的报告里有讲工作中的意外事故的段落吗?   

 I'm going through the sports section.我在看报纸的体育版。   

 ②Yellow lines divide the field into sections.几道黄线把场地分隔成几部分。   

 The bridge was made in sections and fitted together.   

这座桥梁是先做成几部分然后组装起来的   

 ③Her father used to work at the information section.她爸爸过去在情报部门干。   

 He was appointed to work in the accounting section.被分派到会计室上班。   

50. sex n. 性,性别   

 Everybody is welcome, regardless of age or sex.欢迎大家,无论男女老少都欢迎。   

 Junior students become more curious about sex.初中学生对性更加好奇。   

51. sincerely ad. 真诚地   

 I think you're outstanding and I mean that most sincerely.   

 我认为你很突出而且我说这话也是实心实意的   

 He signed his name with "Yours sincerely" at the bottom of the letter.   

 他在信的底端写下了"你的诚挚的"并签了名字。   

52. stream n. 小河, 溪流   

 It's better to walk along the small stream running through the woods.   

 最好还是沿着这条流过树林的小溪走。   

 We often go boating down the stream.我们经常划船顺着那条小河而下。   

53. survive v. 幸免于难   

 Fortunately she survived the terrible accident.幸运的是她在那次严重事故中幸免于难。   

 Both parents were killed in the fire, but the child survived.   

父母都被火烧死了而孩子幸免于难。   

54. temple n. 庙宇,寺院   

 Did you go to visit the Buddhist temple? 你去参观那座佛寺了吗?   

 The old temple dates from the Tang Dynasty.那座古庙的历史可以追溯到唐朝。   

55. tennis n. 网球   

 Would you like to play tennis with me this weekend? 周末愿意去跟我打网球吗?   

 My parents bought me a new tennis racket on my birthday.   

 我生日那天我爸妈给我买了只新网球拍。   

56. topic n. 题目,话题   

 Is it a suitable topic for a school debate? 用这来做学校辩论赛的题目是否合适?   

 The topic of our conversation today is not my favorite.我们今天所谈的话题不是我最喜欢的。   

57. tradition n. 传统,习惯   

 People play practical jokes on April Fools' Day by tradition.   

 人们习惯在愚人节开一些无伤大雅的玩笑   

 Is it a tradition that women get married in red in your country?   

 你们国家有妇女结婚时穿红衣服的传统吗?   

58. whistle n. 口哨,口哨声   

 The dog rushed out at his whistle.一听到他的口哨声小狗就冲出去了。   

 He gave a soft whistle of astonishment.他吃惊地轻轻吹了声口  

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