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高考英语短语动词归纳及练习[二]
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry | 更新时间:2008-12-12 | 字体: |

英语短语动词归纳及练习(二)

12.hold back 阻碍,阻止            hold down 控制,镇压
  hold on  别挂(电话), 支持下去  hold out 维持,坚持
(87) Hearing the news, she couldn’t ______ her tears coming down her cheeks.
  (88) “_____, please. I heard a pleasant voice on the phone.
(89) These measures helped to _____ the city’s population.
(90) The water won’t _____ much longer.

13. keep off 防止,挡住   keep on  继续干   keep up with 赶上,不落在后面 
 keep (sth./sb.)out   不使…进入           keep in touch with和…保持联系 
 keep one’s word 守信,遵守诺言
(91) You should study hard if you want to ________ others.
(92) We had to think of a way to _______ the rain.
(93) It was raining, but they ______till the work was finished.
(94) The Chinese people always_________
(95) The rain _____for several days.
(96) We have ____ each other after graduation.
(97) Don’t ______ me _____ in the cold. Let me in

14.know about 了解,知道…的情况   know from 区分   know of 听说过,知道(有…)
be known as  被称为,是有名的    be known for 因…而出名 be known to all 众所周知
(98) It happened that I _______ him.
(99) It isn’t easy for a child to _______ right ______ wrong.
(100) I ______ a shop where you can get things like that .
(101) China is a large country, as _______.
(102) Hangzhou _____ its beautiful West Lake.
(103) She was well ______ an excellent dancer.

15.look after 照顾            look as if 看起来似乎  look back 回想,回顾  look for 寻找
look forward to 盼望,期待   look into  调查,了解,研究    look like   看起来像
look on 旁观               look out   注意        look on …as 把…看作,认为
look round  到外看看,来访  look through 翻阅,浏览       look up   查找
look down upon看不起
(104) I spent two hours_____ the students’ papers.
(105) Let’s hurry, it _____ it’s going to rain.
(106) I am _____seeing you again some day next month in Shanghai.
(107) ______!There is a big hole in front.
(108) Xiao Li took part in the games; the rest of us just _____ carefully.
(109) Many people _____ monkeys, they do things quickly without thinking
(110) The man you are _____ has come.
(111) Sorry I can’t go with you, I must stay at home to _____ my brother.
(112) The workers were _______ in the old society.
(113) He _____ me _____ his sister.
(114) If you don’t understand the meaning of the word, you can __ it_ in the dictionary.
(115) I ___ but I could see nothing.
(116) They traveled from place , ____ matters of all kinds.
(117) As we ____ over the month we spent there, our hearts are filled with gratitude.

16. lose oneself 迷失方向           be lost in 消失在….中
be lost in thought 陷入沉思       lose heart 失去信心
(118) Don’t ____. I’m sure you’ll succeed.
(119) Soon he ____ the darkness.
(120)My mother sat silent for some time, ________.
(121) When walking in the forest, you must be careful not to _____.

17. pass away 去世          pass down 传下         pass on 谈下一个问题
(122)If there is no further discussion, let’s ________.
(123)The great man ________in 1998.
(124)The old house has been ____ for four generation.

18. pay attention to 注意          pay a visit to (a call on ) 拜访,访问
pay back  偿还,报复        pay for 付…款,偿还         pay off 还清 
(125)How much did you _____ the dictionary?
(126)You should _____ the money you borrowed from me.
(127) Have you ____ the money you borrowed from Xiao Li?
(128)I’ll ____ London next month.
(129)We should ____ the teacher in class.

19.pick out 挑选,找出     pick up 拾起,顺便用车来接,收听广播,学会
(130)I saw a wallet on the ground and _____ it _____.
(131)The bus stopped to ____ passengers.
(132)I’ll come to ____ you ____ at two o’clock.
(133)Where did you _____ your English?
(134)Every morning, I ______ English news on the radio.
(135)It took Xiao Wang a long time to _____ a new dress at the store.

20. put down 写下来 ,镇压  put into practice 执行,实行   put off  延期             
put on 穿上,戴上        put out  扑灭,出版         put through 接通电话
put up 举起,安装,盖起,张贴,挂     put up for the night 住宿
put up with   忍受      put to death 处死               put into 译成….
(136)Try your best to ________ what the teacher said in class.
(137)The sports meet was ______ because of rain.
(138)A new magazine was _________ last year.
(139)It’s cold outside, ______ your overcoat.
(140)I’m afraid we will have to ______ the loss.
(141)We’ll have a telephone __________ in our office.
(142)Let’s______ a shed here for the time being.
(143)The murderer was ______ at last.
(144)Can you _______ these sentences ______ English?
(145)A big fire broke out last night and soon it was______ .
(146)How are you going to ______ the plan_______?
(147)Then he ______ a call to Mr. Smith.
(148)We must find a place where we can _______.

21. run across  碰到,遇到   run away 跑掉,逃跑 run down   撞到 run for 竞选
   run into    碰到(困难),遇到(某人)     run out of 用完(某物)
(149)If you drive so fast, you’ll_______ someone some day.
(150)He didn’t want to _______ president (in) that year.
(151)The thief ______ as soon as he could in order to escape from being caught.
(152)I’ve _______ my ink.
(153)I happened to _______ Xiao Li in the street.
(154)In that way you’ll only _______ difficulties.

22. see----off  送行              see through 看透,识破
(155)I went to the station this morning to _______ Xiao Li.
(156)I suddenly _______ what he had in mind.
23. send down  使降低  send for 派人去请          send in  交上去   
send off 送行       send out  发出(光亮等)   send up  发射
(157)We’ve ______ another man-made satellite this month.
(158)Applications must be _______by 25th this month.
(159)Xiao Li is ill. Have you _______ the doctor?
(160)The sun _______lights and heat.
(161)There was a large crowd to _______ Xiao Wang at the station.
(162)We should manage to _______ the prices.

练习(二)参考答案:
87.hod back 88. Hold on 89. hold down 90.hold out 91. keep up with 92. keep off 93. kept on
94. keep their word  95. kept on 96. kept in touch with  97. keep … out  98. knew about
99.know.. from   100. knew of  101. is known to us all  102. is known for  103. known as
104.looking through  105. looks as if  106. looking forward 107.Look out 108. looked on
109. look like 110. looking for 111.look after 112. looked down upon 113. looks on ..as 
114. look ..up   115. looked round  116. looking into  117. look back  118. lose heart
119. was lost in  120.lost in thought 121. lose yourself   122. pass on  123. passed away     
124. passed down 125. pay for 126. pay back 127.paid off 128. pay a visit to 129.pay attention to 130.picked …up  131.pick up 132.pick…up  133.pick up 134.pick up135.pick out            136.put down  137.put off 138.put out  139.put on 140.put up with 141.put up  142.put up
143.put to death     144.put..into  145.put out  146.put…into practice   147.put through 
148.put up for the night  149.run down/into 150.run for 151.ran away 152.run out of       153.run across 154.run into 155.see off  156.saw through  157.sent up  158.sent in           159.sent for    160.sends out 161.send off   162.send down

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