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高考英语高频词汇讲与练[05]
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry | 更新时间:2008-12-17 | 字体: |

高考高频词汇讲与练05

1,  reach
reach sth
reach for sth          
reach out for sth
reach out one’s hand (foot) for sth
the woods reach as far as the river
reach an agreement/  beyond (out )of one’s reach  /within one’s reach
① He ______ ______ (伸手去够)the stick but could not _____________.(够着)   
② You’d better have the food ______ the boy’s __________。(够不着的地方)
③Put that bottle of poisonous mixture out of the children’s reach.
④The cat ran up a tree and got out of my reach.
⑤Don’t put the gun out of your reach.
⑥The child likes to have sweets within his reach. 
⑦Have a dictionary within (arm’s )reach.
2, 现代分词、过去分词用作状语
   ① Because he was too old, he couldn’t walk hat far.
   _______ too old, he couldn’t walk hat far.
   ② When we worked in the factory, we learned a lot from the workers.
   _______ in the factory, we learned a lot from the workers.
   ③ If you stand on the building , you can see the whole city.
   _______ on the building , you can see the whole city.
   ④ Many trees had been blown down by the high winds,  and blocked roads, paths and railway lines.
   Many trees had been blown down by the high winds,  ________  roads, paths and railway lines
   ⑤ One woman was lying in bed, and she was listening to the rushing winds.
One woman was lying in bed, ________to the rushing winds.
⑥ Children usually count the numbers by using their fingers.
       Children usually count the numbers _______ their fingers.
   ⑦ As I was helped by my friends, I smoothed away all the difficulties.
   ________ by my friends, I smoothed away all the difficulties.
   ⑧ If we are given enough time we can improve our work.
   _________ enough time we can improve our work.
   ⑨ The professor came into the classroom, and he was followed by his assistants.
   The professor came into the classroom, ___________ by his assistants.
   ⑩ While he was reading the book , he nodded from time to time.
   ____________   _____________ the book , he nodded from time to time.
   ⑾ Be careful when you are riding bike in the street.
   Be careful _______  _________  bike in the street.
   ⑿ If weather permits , we’ll go out for a walk.
   ____________    _____________ , we’ll go out for a walk.
   ⒀ When his work was done, he went to play sports.
  __________his work__________ , he went to play sports.
改错  (1)  Seen from the space, I find the earth blue
3, on  +  身体部位
   lay the person on one’s back
   lie on one’s back / stomach / side
   sleep on one’s foot
   stand on one’s head
4, deal with  /  do with
   ①We don’t know _________ to do with the waste materials.
   ②What ‘s the best way of _______   ______ thieves ?
   ③That man is easy to ________   _________ .
   ④_________ did you deal with matters of this sort ?
   ⑤What did you ______  ______ matters of this sort?
   ⑥There are too many difficulties for us to _______  _________.
5, still
    keep (stay )still                    be still busy
lie (stand) still                     win still greater success
a still lake /evening
still  侧重一动不动;quite 指“安静”无动作,无声音; silent 指不出声,不说话.
    ①Sit _______.    (坐着不动)
    ②Be __________ ,and the class will begin.  ( 请安静)
    ③Hearing the answer, he was __________or a minute or more .  (沉默片刻)
6,hurt/ injure/ damage
Be slightly /seriously /badly injured in the accident
She was badly injured. First aid was immediately offered.
an injured man (leg)
The injured
All 14 injured  were went to hospital immediately.
Injure 伤害(某人)  ,损害
Injure受伤的 ,受损害的
 ① Ten soldiers were killed and thirty serious____________.
② He was deeply __________ (hurt )by her dishonesty.
③ I __________  my back lifting that box.
④ In the traffic accident ten were killed and eight were________________.
⑤ She felt __________ at your words.
⑥ The bullet  ___________ him in the shoulder.
⑦ The bus was badly ____________  when it hit the wall.
Injure指人在意外事故中受到的伤害,用于无生命物体的损坏,更多用于对人的某个部位的损伤。
Wound 指利器或子弹对肉体造成的伤害。是出血的、严重的伤,特指战场上的受伤。也指伤感情。
Hurt 指的伤害可与injure 同样严重,也可指较轻的痛疼,常指因不小心而引起的痛苦或意外地受到伤害,hurt 也可指对认的感情的伤害。
Damage 指对物的损害。
7, Leave + (形容词,过去分词,动词ing的形式,句子)  “使…..处于某种状态”.
①Don’t leave the door _____________  (open)
②She left her baby ________________    (cry)
③He left his work half _______________   (do)
④Leave things_______________   they are.
⑤Leave the books ________________   they are .
1,_____ it with me and I ‘ll see what I can do.  A, When left   B, Leaving  C, If you leave D, Leave
2, --- Where is my umbrella      ---- You must have _____ it on the train.
   A, forgotten   B, leave    C, left     D, taken
3, I left her ___ because I wanted to have a good talk with her.
A, for herself  B, by herself  C, alone  D, oneself
4, His father died, ____ him a great deal of money.
  A, gave     B, left     C, leaving     D, offered
8, There is nothing serious. Take it easy.
--- My head hurt . I feel terrible!
--- _________________ . You’ll be all right tomorrow.
Take it easy === don’t worry == stay calm== take things easy
9,  lie---lied---lied,  lie---lay---lain ,  lay---laid---laid
①He ____________  the book on the table
②______________  the blanket over the sleeping child.
③_______________ eggs is her full—time job.
④____________ the table.
⑤He _______________ to me that he was ill.
⑥He run out, ____________ his book open in the bed.
⑦He _______________ on the grass enjoying the sunshine.
⑧The answer ________________ in two facts.   
改错
n At that time, he laid on his back.
n Having entered the room, the teacher lay the book on the table.
n We broke the door and found Mrs. Brown laying on the floor.
n He has left his hometown for three  years.
n He said he had forgotten his book in the library.
1,She never tells a lie, _______?
  A, does she B, doesn’t  she C, does not she D,isn’t it
2, Do you know the boy ____ under the big tree?
   A, lay   B, lain   C, laying    D. lying
3, He lied down  by the  side of the path   to rest.
4, The watch, which Mrs Smith had___ on the  table as she  stated  her  lecture , disappeared.
   A, seen  B, dropped  C, found   D. laid
5, I love to go to the seaside in summer .It ___ good to lie in the sun or swim in the cool sea.
    A, does    B , feels  C, gets  D, makes
6,The man ___ there never tells a ____
    A, lies, lie   B, lay, lain   C, lying, lay   D, lying  , lie

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