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| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry | 更新时间:2008-12-17 | 字体: |


1,  throw up
   throw down
   throw away
   throw off
   throw out
1, This  is your last chance to go abroad for further education, don’t ______ it away.
      ( take / keep / put / throw)
2, The smell of the  paint almost made me ____
A , throw up  B, sick   C, to get ill  D, A or B
2.    •Knock ….Out of           从….中敲打出来, 击败某人,使退出
•Knock over                打翻
•Knock into sb            撞在某人身上
•Knock … into            把…插进
•Knock down               拆掉(除),撞掉
•Knock at (on)              敲…..
•Knock against sth.      撞到….上
3,  The car ran so fast that it knock against a tree.
4,  He almost knocked into me before he saw me .
3,    •By accident                          意外地
•By any chance                      万一
•By chance (accident)           偶然
•By hard work                       以苦干
•By effort                                努力
•By force                                 用武力
•By mistake                             错误的    
•mistake sth for…..                把….误认为
l I am sorry to have taken your umbrella ___ ,because I mistook it _____mine.
       A, for mistake, as       B, with mistake, with
       C, by mistake ,for      D, out of mistake ,about
4 , Be(get )used to/ look forward to / give lessons to / devote oneself to / turn to  /refer to/ lead to后接名词,代词,或动词的 ing形式。1,They ______ _______ _____ ______ the safety of the passengers.  (很少注意)
2,Special attention should ______ ______ ________the problem of air pollution.   (特别注意)
3, we should pay attention to ____________ people living conditions.  (提高)
拓展: call sb’s attention to sth 叫某人注意某事
           attract (draw) sb’s attention 吸引某人的注意
5, Must 表示“必须,肯定”,强调说话人的主观意志,常用于命令,叮嘱或其他正式场合,因它没有过去式,表示过去“必须” 用had to 。在表推测意义时,只用于肯定式。
l Must be ….                      
l Must be doing sth
l Must have done

6,  Should 意为 “应该” 多指主观上有责任,有义务干某事,语气比 must 稍弱,也比 ought to弱。在实际应用中,很少去区别should  / ought to 意义区别。
l should have done
      I should have helped you, but I was so busy.
l should + 动词原形-------也表推测意味
1, We should speak  more English.
2, Everyone should  know some first aid.
7,  Ought to  “应该” 常指有义务,责任作某事,语气比should 强烈否定式为 ought not to +动词原形.
l Ought to have done
l You ought not to   write so carelessly.
l Oughtn’t we to give him a chance to try?
Have to “不得不” ,表示客观的必要性。Have to 可以和情态动词连用。如, will have to, 其否定式 don’t have to   =needn’t.
l You don’t have to (needn’t) say that .
l You mustn’t move someone if the person is badly hurt.
l My watch doesn’t work. There  must be something wrong  with it.
1, You ___ return the book now. You can keep it till next week if you like.
A, can’t   B, mustn’t   C, needn’t   D, may not
2, A computer ___ think for itself; it must be  told what to do.
A, can’t  B, couldn’t  C, may not  D, might not
3, Johnny, you ___ play with the knife; you ___ hurt yourself.
A, won’t, can’t  B, mustn’t, may   C,  shouldn’t   D, can’t , should
4,----Should  I tell  John about it?
 ---- No ,you ____. I’ve told him already.
   A, needn’t   B, wouldn’t  C, mustn’t   D, shouldn’t
5, Jenny ___ with him at that time, for I was having dinner with her in my home.
  A, can’t have been   B,  mustn’t have been  C, must be   D, may be
6, When reading, you____ look up every new word you meet.
  A, don’t have to  B, mustn’t  C, don’t need  D, may not
7, Jenny ____ have kept his word, I wonder why she changed her mind.
   A, must   B, should   C, need   D, would
8, We _____last night ,but we went to the concert instead.
 A, must have studied  B, studied C, should have studied  D, would study
9, It’s nearly seven o’clock, Jack___ be here at any moment.
   A, must            B, need            C, should      D, can
10, I told Sally how to get there, but perhaps I ____ for her.
       A, had to write it out                    B, must have written it out
      C, should have written it out          D, ought to write it out
11, --When can I come for the photos? I need them tomorrow   afternoon.
    -- They ___ be ready by 12:oo .
      A, can           B, should            C , might              D, need
12, --- I can’t find my pen.       --- You ______ it in the classroom.
A, must leave B, must forget C, must have forgotten D,must have left
13, --- I told him the secret.        ----  ___________.
A, You must not have done that      B, You ought not to have done that
C,  Why didn’t you                       D, I am sorry to hear that
14, You are late. You _____ here earlier.
     A, should come  B, ought to come   C, should have come  D, ought have come
8, Happen
(1) Happen  to do sth  / to have done  / to be doing(主语常是“人”)碰巧,恰好
①You happened to  ________  _______ reading the book.  (已经完成)
②She happened to _______  __________ when I came to her house.  (出去)
③The two sales men happened to _______  ________ when the manager entered. (正在吵架)
(2) It (so) happen that….(如此)碰巧,恰好
①_______  __________  ___________ that he was going that way too.
②__________  ___________that he is a teacher of English.
(3) Happen to sb /sth  “某人/某物出事,发生了….”
____________ has happened to your hand?
Be careful not to let anything _____________ to that child.
1, --- We haven’t heard from Jane for a long time.
   --- What do you suppose  ____ to her?
A, was happening    B, to happen    C, has happened   D, having happened
2, They happened to ____ for Tianjin when we got there.
A, leave   B, have left C, leaving    D, had left
3, If  anything ____ you, let me know.
A, is happened to    B, is happening   C, happens on      D, happens to
4,  I happened  to have no money with me .
   ____ happened _____ I ____ no money with m

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