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历年高考英语短语分类讲解与高考真题汇编
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry | 更新时间:2009-1-23 | 字体: |

 
高考英语短语分类展播
  本文是在认真分析反复研究近几年近百套高考试题的基础上撰写的,它使高考热点词汇的热点用法一一突现出来,到目前未考但很有可能在今后得到考查的词汇也进行了介绍,这对提高高考备考针对性和命中率极有帮助。相信这篇文章及其巩固性练习是短语复习的最佳资料,对指导全国学生备考词汇有很强的指导作用。
  近年来高考非常注重对短语的考查,尤其动词短语、介词短语、插入语式短语和连词短语成为热点考点,本文分类进行介绍。
  
  一、 考查动词短语
  1. get through 已考义项:通过;完成  待考义项:接通电话;到达
  (1) There were a lot of people standing at the door and the small girl couldn’t get ______.
  (2006全国卷Ⅱ)
  A. between B. through ______C. across D. beyond
  (2) Hardly could he______this amount of work in such a short time. (2007天津)
  A. get through B. get off
  C. get into D. get down
  2. get along 已考义项:对付得过去    待考义项:相处;有进展;有喜色
  —How are you managing to do your work without an assistant?
  —Well, I______somehow. (2006重庆)
  A. get along B. come on
  C. watch out D. set off
  3. get over 已考义项:克服;康复 待考义项:越过
  (1) If we can______our present difficulties, then everything should be all right.
  (2007 湖北)
  A. come across B. get over
  C. come over D. get off
  (2) It was not a serious illness, and she soon______it. (2004天津)
  A. got over B. got on with
  C. got around D. got out of
  4. get in 已考义项:收割  待考义项:进入,抵达
  We have to______the wheat as soon as possible because a storm is on the way.(2004湖北)
  A. get away B. get across
  C. get through D. get in
  5. get down to 开始做正经事,to为介词,后接名词、代词、动名词做宾语
  (1) The final examination is coming up soon. It’s time for us to______our studies. (2004辽宁)
  A. get down to B. get out
  C. get back for D. get over
  (2) Isn’t it time you got down to______the papers? (2006 重庆)
  A. mark B. be marked
  C. being marked D. marking
  6. get together 联欢,聚会
  We’re going to______with some friends for a picnic. Would you like to join us? (2004北京、安徽春季)
  A. get in B. get over
  C. get along D. get together
  7. get away from 已考义项:回避  待考义项:摆脱
  His mother had thought it would be good for his character to______from home and earn some money on his own. (2002北京)
  A. run away B. take away
  C. keep away D. get away
  get待考短语:get up 起床;get across 被理解,使通过; get back 回来,恢复;get down 下来,写下,开始做某事;get home 到家;get into 进入,陷入;get off 下车(马、船、飞机);get on 上车(马、船、飞机);get out 出去;get to 到达,着手做某事
  8. put back 把……放回去
  You can take anything from the shelf and read, but please______the books when you’ve finished with them. (2004全国卷Ⅰ)
  A. put on______ B. put down
  C. put back D. put off
  9. put out 已考义项:扑灭  待考义项:出版;生产;关掉
  The forest guards often find campfires that have not been______completely. (2004全国卷Ⅱ)
  A. turned down B. put out
  C. put away D. turned over
  10. put away 把……收起来,储存,备用
  Before the war broke out, many people
  in safe places possessions they could not take with them. (2004重庆)
  A. threw away B. put away
  C. gave away D. carried away
  put待考短语:put aside 把某事放在一边;put down 写下,镇压;put in 投入,放进;put off 推迟;put on 穿上;put together 装配;put up 张贴,举起,建造,搭起,进行;put up with 忍受
  11. make up 已考义项:编造待考义项:构成;弥补;化装
  Everybody in the village likes Jack because he is good at telling and______jokes. (2005江苏)
  A. turning up B. putting up
  C. making up D. showing up
 
 12. make out 已考义项:理解待考义项:辨认
  The idea puzzled me so much that I stopped for a few seconds to try to______ . (2003北京春季)
  A. make it out B. make it off
  C. make it up D. make it over
  make待考短语:make for 有利于;make it 做到;make ... into ...拿……制成;make of 用……制造;make from 用……制造;make ... out of用……做;make a face做鬼脸;make one’s way 前进;make way for替……让路。
  13. come up with 已考义项:提出______待考义项:赶上
  —Have you______some new ideas?
  —Yeah. I’ll tell you later. (2007江苏)
  A. come about B. come into
  C. come up with D. come out with
  14. come out 已考义项:被出版待考义项:长出
  The dictionary is being printed and it will soon______ . (2005福建)
  A. turn out B. come out
  C. start out D. go out
  15. come about 发生,强调过程
  (1) It’s already 10 o’clock I wonder how it______that she was two hours late on such a short trip. (2006湖北)
  A. came over B. came out
  C. came about D. came up
  (2) Please tell me how the accident______. I am still in the dark. (2005江西)
  A. came by B. came upon
  C. came to D. came about
  16. come down 下来
  —Four dollars a pair? I think it’s a bit too much.
  —If you buy three pairs, the price for each will______to three fifty. (2006安徽)
  A. come down B. take down
  C. turn over D. go over
  17. come on 已考义项:(表示劝说、激励、不耐烦等)来!快!得啦! 未考义项:(灾难、恐惧等)突然向……袭来;(想法等)突然产生;跟着来;进步、进展;开始(……起来),袭击,来临
  —I’m dead tired. I can’t walk any farther, Jenny.
  —______ , Tommy. You can do it! (2006江西)
  A. No problem B. No hurry
  C. Come on D. That’s OK
  come待考短语:come across 偶然遇到;come along 出现,到来;come at 扑向;come back 回来;come from 来自于;come home 回家;come in 进来;come into 进入;come out first 得第一名;come over 过来;come round 绕道来;come to sb. (that) 被某人提出;come to sth. 共计,达到;come to an agreement 达成协议;come to a decision 做出决定;come to an end 结束;come to light 真相大白;come to oneself 苏醒过来;come to terms with 甘心忍受;come up 长出,发芽;come into use 开始使用;come into being 事物局面形成;come into effect 开始生效;come true 实现
  18. cut in 插嘴
  I was just talking to Margaret when Jackson______ . (2005湖南)
  A. cut in B. cut down
  C. cut out D. cut up
  19. cut off 已考义项:使隔绝待考义项:切断(电源、自来水、煤气等)
  He was in hospital for six months. He felt as if he was______from the outside world. (2004北京、安徽春季)
  A. cut out B. cut off
  C. cut up D. cut through
  cut待考短语:cut up 切碎;cut down 砍倒,削减;cut out 切掉;cut short 剪断
  20. act as 临时性充当、担任
  We went to Canada to travel and my cousin______as our guide. (2005湖南)
  A. played B. showed
  C. acted D. performed
  act待考短语:act out 用手势和语言表演(某件事);act on / upon 按照……行动,对……起作用
  21. keep ... to oneself 将……作为秘密保守
  You will find as you read this book that you just can’t keep some of these stories to______. You will want to share them with a friend. (2005湖南)
  A. itself B. yourself
  C. himself D. themselves
  22. keep up with 赶上
  Would you slow down a bit, please? I can’t______you. (2001北京、安徽、内蒙古春季)
  A. keep up with B. put up with
  C. make up to D. hold on to
  keep待考短语:keep away (from sth.) 避开;keep back 阻止,隐瞒;keep fit 保持健康;keep sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事;keep (good) time (钟表等)走得准;keep hold of 抓住;keep sth in mind 牢记某事;keep off 避开;keep on doing sth. 继续做某事,反复做某事;keep out 把……挡在外面;keep up 保持……使不低落;keep watch 守望;keep the law 遵守纪律;keep the rule 遵守规章制度;keep one’s word / promise 说话算数
   23. break down 已考义项:坏掉;把……分成若干部分 待考义项:打破,毁掉;破除;制服;坍塌;(计划等)失败,不成功;(健康、精神)垮下来;中止,停顿
  (1) The computer system______suddenly while he was searching for information on the Internet. (2006辽宁)
  A. broke down B. broke out
  C. broke up D. broke in
  (2) To understand the grammar of the sentence, you must break it______into parts.
  (2005湖北)
  A. down B. up C. off D. out
  24. break out 已考义项:(火灾)发生待考义项:(战争)爆发;(争吵)爆发
  I was still sleeping when the fire______ , and then it spread quickly. (2006广东)
  A. broke out B. put out
  C. came out D. got out
  break待考短语:break in破门而入,闯入;break into强行进入,闯入;break into pieces 破成碎片;break in two破成两半;break through 突破;break up打碎,分开;break the law 违法;break the rule 违背规章制度;break one’s word / promise 说话不算数;break one’s heart 使某人心碎
  25. pick out 已考义项:辨认待考义项:挑选
  It was so dark in the cinema that I could hardly______my friend. (2007四川)
  A. turn out B.bring out
  C. call out D. pick out
  26. pick up 已考义项:(偶然地、无意地)获得、学会 待考义项:继续;恢复;收拾、整理;捡起、拾起;(车辆等)中途搭(人)、中途带(货);(在无线电里)收听到
  She______Japanese when she was in Japan. Now she can speak it freely. (2006福建)
  A.picked out B. made out
  C. made up D. picked up
  27. bring about 导致,引起,带来
  His idea of having weekly family meals together, which seemed difficult at first, has______many good changes in their lives. (2005重庆)
  A. got through B. resulted from
  C. turned into D. brought about
  bring待考短语:bring up 抚养,从嘴里吐出;bring back 归还,使记起;bring in引进
  28. give up 放弃
  —Smoking is bad for your health.
  —Yes, I know. But I simply can’t______ .(2002北京、安徽、内蒙古春季)
  A. give it up______ B. give it in
  C. give it out______ D. give it away
  29. give out 已考义项:耗尽,用完待考义项:放出,发出;发表;分发;精疲力竭
  What shall we use for power when all the oil in the world has______ ? (2005山东)
  A. given out B. put out
  C. held up D. used up
  give待考短语:give in 屈服,让步;give away 赠送,泄露,出卖;give off 放出,发出;give way to 顺从,让……优先
  30. fall down 已考义项:下降待考义项:倒塌;跌倒
  In some western countries, demand for graduates from MBA courses has______. (2004全国卷Ⅳ)
  A. turned down B. turned over
  C. fallen down D. fallen over  

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