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高考英语重难点短语专题复习[一]
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry | 更新时间:2009-2-2 | 字体: |

英语—2009届高考一轮复习:中学阶段重难点短语复习(一)

重难点短语与例句:
1. be absent from… 缺席,不在
Is anybody absent from class?
2. absence of mind(=being absent-minded)  心不在焉
Don’t be absent-minded at this very moment.
3. absorb(=take up the attention of)吸引……的注意力(被动语态):be absorbed in 全神贯注于…… 近:be engrossed in ; be lost in ; be rapt in ;be concentrated on ; be focused on ; be centered on
The children were so absorbed in their game that they did not feel hungry.
4. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有
As we know, China is abundant in natural resources.
5. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解
Citizens may have free access to the library.
6. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. without accident(=safely) 安全地,
He did it whether by accident or design.
7. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地 ,主动地
He joined the army of his own accord.
8. in accord with 与……一致.   out of one’s accord with 同……不一致
His words are in accord with his ideas.
9. in accordance with (=in agreement with)  依照,根据
I am in accordance with him in this matter. 在这件事情上我同他是一致的。
He acted in accordance with his beliefs. 他按照自己的信念行事。
10. on account of 因为 
We delayed our departure on account of the bad weather. 由于天气不好, 我们将启程的时间推迟了.
11. take…into account(=consider)把……考虑进去
He will take into account my request. 他会考虑我的要求。
12. account for (=give an explanation or reason for)  解释, 说明。
He has been asked to account for his conduct.
他被要求解释他的行为。
13. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告
He was accused of murderer. 他被指控谋杀。
14. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉
Nowadays, everyone has to be acquainted with high-tech knowledge. 当今,每个人都必须对高科技有所了解。
Being acquainted with English is sure to help you a lot.学会英语一定会对你大有帮助。
15. act on 奉行,按照……行动; act as 扮演;  
My idea is that we shall act on his suggestion. 我的意见是我们应当按照他的建议去办。 
The forest will act as a defense against desert dust.
16. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to)       使自己适应于
One should adapt oneself to the changed conditions. 我们应当使自己适应变化了的情况。
17. adapt…(for) (=make sth. suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)
This novel has been adapted for radio from the Russian original. 这部小说已由俄文原著改编成无线电广播节目。
18. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之
In addition to a diet, she pursues various exercises on TV. 节食以外她还随电视做体操。
19. adjust…(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;
He adjusted himself very quickly to the heat of the country. 他很快使自己适应了这个国家炎热的天气。
20. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先.
Before visiting him, I called him up in advance. 在拜访他之前,我先打电话给他。
21. have an advantage over 胜过.  have the advantage of 由于……处于有利条件   have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事
This method has the advantage of saving a lot of fuel. 这个方法有可以节省很多燃料的优点。
Her teaching experience gave her a big advantage over the other applicants for the job.她的教学经验使她比起其他求职者具有很大的有利条件。
22. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用.
She took advantage of his good nature.她利用了他脾气好这个特点。
23. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意
I entirely agree with you. 我完全同意你的看法。
We couldn’t agree on a date/when to meet.关於日期[什么时候见面], 我们未能取得一致意见.
24. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致
We are in agreement with their decision. 我们同意他们的决定。
25. ahead of 在……之前, 超过……; ahead of time 提前.
He will be ahead of others in English. 他在英语方面将超过别人。
26. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体.  2)在谣传中.  on/off the air正在广播;停止广播
We may be going skiing at Christmas, but it’s still all up in the air. 我们圣诞节可能去滑雪,但还没有定下来。
We shall be on the air in five minutes.我们五分钟后开始广播。
27. above all (=especially, most important of all)     尤其是, 最重要的.
What a child should do, above all, is to do well in his studies. 小孩子该做的最重要的事是学好功课。
28. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计
That’s £5.40 in all. 总共5.40英镑。
29. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不;
all at once(=suddenly)突然; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说
All in all, he’s more learned than he was ten years ago. 总的说来,他比10年前更有学问了。
All at once she lost her temper. 她突然发起脾气来。
You should forgive him for his forgetfulness; after all, he is over seventy. 你应该原谅他的健忘症,毕竟他已经七十多岁了。
First of all, let me tell you the news. 首先,让我告诉你这个消息。
30. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到.
We must allow for the train being late. 我们必须想到火车会晚点的。
31. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于.
His debts amount to over$1, 000. 他负债总共超过1000美元。
32. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对……负责.
I will answer for it that he will accomplish the task. 我愿意担保他能完成这个任务。
33. be anxious about 为……焦急不安; 或anxious for
I don’t wonder you were anxious about their safety. 你为他们的安全着急,我不感到奇怪。
34. apologize to sb. for sth. 为……向……道歉
He insisted that I (should) apologize to her.
You must apologize to your sister for being so rude.
35. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁.   appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力
Do these paintings appeal to you? 你对这些画感兴趣吗?
I can not say smoking appeal to me very much. 我不能说吸烟对我有多大吸引力。
36. apply to sb. for sth.  为……向……申请 :apply for申请;  apply to 适用.
The rules of safe driving apply to everyone. 安全驾驶之规则适用于每个人。
If you apply to this university, you’ll have to pay a registration fee of at least $20. 如果你申请这所学校你就得交至少20美元的注册费。
37. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准
He do not approve of our plan. 他不赞成我们的计划。
Her father will never approve of her marriage to you. 她父亲永远不会同意她和你结婚。
38. arise from(=be caused by) 由……引起。
Accidents arise from carelessness. 意外事故起因于粗心大意。
39. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth.  安排……做……
If you can arrange for me, I will be very grateful. 如果你能为我安排一下,我将不胜感激。
40. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出;  arrive in 到达某地(大地方);
You must arrive at the airport two hours early. 你必须提前两小时到达机场。
Flight number BA 4793 will arrive in London at 16:50. 英国航空公司4793号班机于16时50分抵达伦敦.
41. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of  sth. done) 以……为羞耻
You should be ashamed of what you have done. 你应为自己所做的事感到羞愧。
42. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向……保证, 使……确信.
We book early to assure ourselves of seats. 我们及早订票以确保有座。
43. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做……
Before they fled the country, the enemy vainly made at attempted at destroying all the factories. 敌人在逃往国外前,妄图把所有工厂都毁掉。
44. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把……归因于……, 认为……是……的结果
They attribute their success to their teacher’s encouragement. 他们把成功归因于老师的鼓励。
45. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均
On the average, there are 300 tourists a week. 每星期平均有300游客。
46. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道.
He is not aware of his danger. 他没有意识到自己有危险。
47. be based on / upon 基于
Judgment should be based on facts, not on hearsay. 判断应该以事实为依据,而不应该依靠道听途说。
48. begin with 以……开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)
I have to begin with an apology. 我得首先表示歉意。
To begin with, she is too young for that kind of job. 首先,她做这种工作年纪还太轻。
49. on behalf of (=as the representative of)  以……名义
On behalf of my colleagues and myself I thank you. 我代表我的同事和我本人向你表示感谢。
50. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth./ sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰.
We believe in his ability. 我们相信他的才干。
I believe in you. 

【模拟试题】
1. — It’s a good idea. But who’s going to ______the plan?
—I think Tom and Greg will.
A. set aside B. carry out C. take in D. get through
2. Happily for John’s mother, he is working harder to _______ his lost time.
A. make up for B. keep up with C. catch up with D. make use of
3. If you had _____ your test paper carefully before handing it in, you would have made fewer mistakes.
A. looked up B. thought about C. gone over D. gone round
4. Would you slow down a bit, please? I can’t _______ you.
A. keep up with B. put up with C. make up to D. hold on to
5. You’d better ______ some money for special use.
A. pick up B. give away  C. put off D. set aside
6. In order to ________ with the advanced countries, we must keep learning.
A. get along B. put up  C. catch up D. go on
7. We didn’t plan our art exhibition like that but it ______ very well.
A. worked out B. tried out C. went on D. carried on
8. I’m planning to hold a party in the open air, but I can make no guarantees because it ______ the weather.
A. links with B. depends on C. connects to D. decides on
9. — Smoking is bad for your health.
—Yes, I know. But I simply can’t _____.
A. give it up B. give it in C. give it out D. give it away
10. If you ______ any problems when you arrive at the airport, give me a ring.
A. come up with B. set about C. run into D. put aside
11. We thought of selling this old furniture, but we’ve decided to ______ it. it might be valuable.
A. hold on to B. keep up with  C. turn to D. look after
12. His mother had thought it would be good for his character to _______ from home and earn some money on his own.
A. run away B. take away C. keep away D. get away
13. Can you make a sentence to _________ the meaning of the phrase?
A. show off B. turn out C. bring out D. take in
14. News reports say peace talks between the two countries_______ with no agreement reached.
A. have broken down  B. have broken out
C. have broken in  D. have broken up
15. Don’t mention that at the beginning of the story, or it may _______ the shocking ending.
A. give away B. give out C. give up D. give off
16. The idea puzzled me so much that I stopped for a few seconds to try to________.
A. make it out B. make it off C. make it up D. make it over
17. He _____ some French while he was away on a business trip in Paris.
A. made out B. picked up C. gave up D. took in
18. The engine of the ship was out of order and the bad weather_______ the helplessness of the crew at sea.
A. added to B. resulted from C. turned out D. made up
19. We’re going to ______ with some friends for a picnic. would you like to join us?
A. get in B. get over C. get along D. get together
20. He was in hospital for six months. he felt as if he was _______ from the outside world.
A. cut out B. cut up C. cut off D. cut through

【试题答案】
1~5 BACAD  6~10 CABAC   11~15 ADCAA
16~20 ABADC

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