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高考英语重难点短语专题复习[三]
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry | 更新时间:2009-2-2 | 字体: |

英语—2009届高考一轮复习:中学阶段重难点短语复习(三)

重难点短语与例句:
1. consult sb. on/ about sth. 向……征求……方面的意见, 就……向……请教
I consulted with a friend on a matter. 我和朋友商量一件事。
2. be content with(=be satisfied with) 满足于be content to do sth. 愿意做某事
He is quite content with his present fortune. 他对自己目前的境遇颇为得意。
Not everyone will be content to betray friends for money.
3. contrary to (=in opposition to) 与……相反
My sister’s taste in dresses is contrary to my own. 在服装方面,我妹妹的爱好和我完全不同。
4. on the contrary 相反
He is not poor, on the contrary, he is a millionaire. 他不穷, 相反, 他是个百万富翁。
5. in contrast to/with 和……形成对比
by contrast 对比之下
The black furnishings provide an interesting contrast to the white walls. 黑色家具和白色墙壁形成很有意思的对比。
The coastal areas have mild winters, but by contrast the central plains become extremely cold. 沿海地区的冬天天气暖和,可是相比之下中部平原却异常寒冷。
6. contribute to 有助于
A recent survey says smoking contributes to lung cancer.
7. under control (被)控制住 out of control无法控制
The fire has been brought under control. 火势已受到控制。
The bus went out of control and ran into a shop front. 那公共汽车失去控制, 撞到了一家商店的门脸。
8. at one’s convenience(=where and when it suits one) 在方便的时间或地点 be convenient to / for 对……方便
Please deliver the goods at your earliest convenience.请尽早送货。
It’s a great convenience to live in town. 住在城市里有很大的方便。
Will it be convenient for you to come in the morning? 你上午来方便吗?
9. convince sb. of (=cause sb. to believe or feel certain; to persuade sb.)使某人确信。
try to persuade sb. to do sth.劝说某人做……
I try to convince him of the reality of the danger. 我试图使他相信危险的确存在。
Can you persuade her out of her foolish plans? 你能劝她放弃她那些愚蠢的计划吗?
10. cope with(=deal with, try to find a solution to)应付, 处理
I’m afraid I can’t cope with this problem. 恐怕我应付不了这个问题。
11. at all costs不惜任何代价.    at the cost of 以……为代价
The bridge must be repaired within three days at all costs. 要不惜一切代价在三天内把桥修好。
12. be critical of 爱挑毛病的,批评的
The inquiry was critical of her work. 该项调查对她的工作提出了批评。
13. cure sb. of+某种疾病   治好某人的疾病
That nasty shock cured him of his inquisitiveness for ever. 那一沉重教训根除了他凡事爱打听的毛病。
14. a danger to对……的危险; be in danger(of)处于……危险中; be out of danger脱离危险
Violent criminals like that are a danger to society. 那种暴力罪犯对社会是一种危害。
The operation is a success and now the patient is out of danger. 手术成功了,病人现在已脱离危险。
15. out of date过时的;up to date新式的,时兴的; date back to可追溯到; date from从某时期开始(有)
My passport is out of date. 我的护照已经过期了。
All our information is up to date on the computer. 我们计算机上的信息都是最新的。
This castle dates back to Roman times. 这个城堡可追溯到罗马时代。
The history of public education in the United States dates from the society of the early pioneers. 美国的公共教育史起源于早期拓荒者的社会。
16. on the decline 在衰退中, 在减少中     on the increase 在增加
She is on the decline, and may die soon. 她的健康每况愈下,可能不久于人世。
The number of robberies in the area is on the decline. 这地区的劫案在减少。
The demand for primary products is on the increase in European market. 欧洲市场对初级产品的需求在增长。
17. to one’s delight 令某人感到高兴
to one’s regret 遗憾; sorrow悲痛; relief 安心; distress 苦恼; shame羞愧; surprise 惊奇; astonishment 惊奇
To our delight, Tom won the first prize in the speaking competition yesterday
To our relief, our son has come back home safely at last.
To his surprise, over 50 students donated about 100 yuan to children with disabilities.
18. delight in(=take great pleasure in doing sth.)喜欢, 取乐
take (a) delight in 喜欢干……, 以……为乐
He takes great delight in painting. 他爱好绘画。
19. demand sth. of sb. 向某人要求(非物质的)东西. demand sth. from sb. 向某人要求(物质的)东西
All wives demand love of their husband.
Don’t demand so much from your parents.
20. in demand有需求;on demand受到要求时
Good secretaries are always in demand. 好的秘书总是很多人都需要的。
Payable immediately or on demand. 应付的可立即支付或应要求可支付的
21. despair of (=lose all hope of) 绝望
We’ve despair of him; he can’t keep a job for more than six months. 我们对他已经绝望了, 他做什么工作都不能超过半年。
22. in despair 绝望
The poor woman was in despair. 那可怜的女人陷入了绝望。
A person is most disappointed when he is in despair. 一个人在绝望时最失望。
23. in detail 详细地
He describe the robbery in detail to us. 他向我们详细地描述了抢劫事件。
24. differ from…in  与……的区别在于……
Man differs from beasts in that the former is able to laugh, while the latter aren’t. 人不同于野兽,因前者能笑,而后者却不能。
25. in difficulties…有困难,处境困难,
They offered him the hand of fellowship when he was in difficulties. 当他身处困境时,他们向他伸出了友谊之手。
26. beyond dispute不容争议的,无可争议       in dispute 在争议中
His honesty is beyond dispute. 他的诚实是无可争议的。
The exact cause of the accident is still in dispute. 事故的真正起因仍有争议。
27. distinguish between (=make or recognize differences) 辨别
distinguish…from 把……与……区别开
I do not see how you can distinguish between the two. 我不明白您怎么能区分这两者。
One material can be distinguished from another by their physical properties: color, density, specific, heat and so on. 一种材料与另一种材料的区别在于它们的物理性能:颜色、密度和比热等等。
28. do away with(=get rid of) 除去,废除,取消; do away with (=kill) 杀掉, 镇压
I want them to do away with this feudal custom. 我希望他们废除这一封建陋俗。
Do I have to do away with my habit? 我是不是得改掉我的习惯?
29. have…to do with 与……有关系
I thought John must have something to do with this matter.
30. without doubt (=undoubtedly)无可置疑地
in doubt(=in a condition of uncertainty)对……表示疑惑
He is without doubt the cleverest student I’ve ever taught. 他确实是我所教过的学生中最聪明的。
Always proofread completed letters very carefully. Consult dictionary when necessary or in doubt. 完成的书信一定要很小心地校对,有必要或怀疑时查典。
31. by ear (=play music from memory without having seen it printed) 凭记忆,不看乐谱
have an ear for (=have keen recognition of sounds esp. in music and language)对……有鉴赏力
Alan has an ear for music. In my opinion, she will be a great musician one day.
32. on earth 究竟, 到底, 全然
Why on earth didn’t you tell me the truth? 你到底为什么不跟我说实话?
33. with ease ( = easily) 容易, 不费力
at (one’s) ease ( = without worry or nervousness) 自在,不拘束
put sb. at his / her ease (=free sb. from worry or nervousness)使某人感到无拘束
Their help enabled me to finish the work with ease. 他们帮助我,使我能够顺利地完成工作。
He felt at ease and confident about the future. 他对未来感到轻松自在并且充满信心。
34. have an effect on 对……有影响
be in effect (=be in operation) 有效
go into effect 生效. ( 近: come into effect; take effect;  be brought into effect)
in effect (=in fact, really) 实际上
give effect to (=carry out) 实行,使……生效
to the effect that 大意是……,主要内容是……
to that effect 是那个意思的……
Parents do have a great effect on their own children.
Some ancient laws are still in effect. 有些古时的法律现在仍然有效。
The new ruling gives effect to the recommendations of the special committee. 这一新裁定使特别委员会的推荐生效。
He said he was greatly worried, or words to that effect. 他说他非常担忧,或大致是这个意思。

【模拟试题】
1. We have to ________ the wheat as soon as possible because a storm is on the way.
A. get away  B. get across    C. get through  D. get in
2. Once a decision has been made, all of us should ______ it.
A. direct to  B. stick to     C. lead to  D. refer to
3. Before the war broke out, many people ________ in safe places possessions they could not take with them.
A. threw away  B. put away     C. gave away  D. carried away
4. It’s ten years since the scientist ________ on his life’s work of discovering the valuable chemical.
A. made for  B. took off     C. set out D. turned up
5. To keep healthy, professor Johnson _______ cycling as regular form of exercise after he retired.
A. took up B. caught on    C. carried on D. made for
6. Helen always helps her mother even though going to school ______ most of her day.
A. saves up  B. makes up   C. takes up  D. puts up
7. The final examination is coming up soon. It’s time for us to _______ our studies.
A. get down to  B. get out     C. get back for  D. get over
8. after a long way she was tired and her legs ___________.
A. gave in  B. gave out    C. gave up  D. gave away
9. Failure is the mother of success. ______your courage.
A. keep up  B. keep off     C. keep on  D. keep away
10. The picture of the park ________ memories of our class trip last year.
A. took up  B. came up     C. turned up  D. called up
11. If Mary carries on working like this, she’ll ________ sooner or later.
A. hold on  B. give out    C. get down  D. break down
12. I’ll ________ the matter as soon as possible. just have a little patience.
A. look into  B. look after    C. look through  D. look about
13. I can ______ some noise while I’m studying, but I can’t stand loud noise.
A. keep up with   B. get along with
C. catch up with   D. put up with
14. My cousin doesn’t know what to at __________the university; he can’t make up his mind about his future.
A. take on  B. take away    C. take up  D. take after
15. People in the far-away mountain village cannot __________ this program.
A. take down  B. pick up   C. put away  D. get along
16. Thank you, but I’ll have to _______ your offer.
A. turn away  B. turn down    C. turn back    D. turn off
17. Restaurants in every corner of Chengdu not only provide job opportunities but ________ lots of taxes as well.
A. bring along  B. bring about    C. result in  D. result from
18. The continuous rain the harvesting of the wheat by two weeks.
A. set back  B. set off    C. set out  D. set aside
19. It was a bad idea to build a power station in the deep valley, but it _____ as well as we had hoped.
A. came off  B. made out    C. brought out  D. went off
20. Under good treatment, Linda is beginning to_________ and will soon recover.
A. turn up  B. pick out    C. pick up  D. show up

【试题答案】
1~5 DBBCA  6~10 CABAD  11~15 DADCB  16~20 BBADC

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