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高考英语重点词汇辨析
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:英语词汇网 | 文章录入:henry982 | 更新时间:2007-3-6 | 字体: |

agree with ,agree to ,agree on 用法探究。

[观察分析]
1. They agreed on the project at last.最后他们就这项工程达成了共识。
2. I agree with you =I agree with what you said.我同意你的话。
3. We agreed on a price for the car.我们商定了这辆汽车的价格。
4. The climate here doesn’t agree with me .我不适应这儿的气候。
5. Do you agree to that plan?你同意那个计划吗?
6. He has agreed to the arrangement?他已经同意了那个安排。
7. Do you agree with what I have just said ?你同意我刚刚说的吗?
8. Your story agrees with what I have heard.你说的话与我听到的一致。
[思考归纳]
1. 三个词组的词意是什么?
回答:agree with ,agree to ,agree on 都可以表示 _________;agree to 一般表示个人同意 ,而agree on 表示 ___________,达成共识。agree with 还可以表示与(气候或食物等)相__________.
2.三个词组在用法上有什么不同?
回答:agree with 后面一般跟_____或是某人说的____;后面还可以跟words。
agree to 后面一般跟建议、议案、________、_________等。
agree on 后面一般跟表示具体协议的文件、计划等。

determine 与decide 有何区别?

[观察分析]
1. We determined to get the work done before May Day.我们决定在五一之前把工作做完。
2. He has determined that nothing can prevent him doing what he wants to do .他已经决定没什么能阻止他想做的事情。
3. They determined on an early start Tomorrow.他们决定明天早点动身。
4. He has determined to study abroad. 他决心去国外学习。
5. He decided not to tell a lie any longer in the future.他决定以后再也不撒谎了。
6. Let’s first decide what to do next.让我们先决定接下来做什么。
7. Finally she decided on buying that green hat.最后她决定买那顶绿色的帽子。
8. It’s very difficult to decide between the two .要在两个之间抉择很困难。
[思考归纳]
1.decide 和determine 在意义上有什么区别?
回答:decide 和determine 在意义上都可以表示_______;be determined 表示_________。
2. 两者在用法上有什么不同?
回答:在用法上两者后面都可以跟________(to do sth )或是___________(比如that ,where,what …从句)

change …into …结构知多少?(put ,translate,turn,divide ,make …)

[观察分析]
1. Do you know how to change ice into water? 你知道如何把水变成冰吗?
2. He has translated many books into English? 他已经把很多本书翻成了英文。
3. The huts can be made into temporary houses.小屋能被弄成暂时可住的房子。
4. We will divide our class into four groups.我们将把我们班级分成四组。
5. We should put most of our time into our study and work. 我们应该把我们的把大部分时间花在学习和工作上。
6. The teacher often asks us to put sentences into English.老师经常叫我们把句子翻成英文。
7. He was able to put the complicated thoughts into simple words.他能用简单的话来表达复杂的意思。
8. The workers are making wool into cloth.工人们在把羊毛织成布。
9. We should learn to turn failure into success.我们应该学会把失败转变成成功。
10. She knows a way of turning water into steam.她知道一种方法,把水变成蒸汽。
[思考归纳]
这些词组的最基本的词义是什么?
这些词组都是有into 构成的,都是两样东西之间进行的转换,最基本的词义应该是________.

reach 的含义知多少?

[观察分析]
1. After a long walk, we reached a small village. 走了很长的路之后,我们来到一个小村庄。
2. The little boy was so short that he could not reach the apple on the desk.那个小孩太矮了,够不到桌上的苹果。
3. Your letter reached me the day before yesterday .我昨天收到了你的信。
4. The woods reached as far as the river. 那片树林一直延伸到河边。
5. He reached out his hand for the knife ,but it was too far away. 他伸出手去取那刀子,但是太远了,够不着。
6. Would you please do me a favour to reach me that book?请你帮我个忙,把书递给我好吗?
7. I like to have my books within my reach.我喜欢把书放在我伸手可取的地方。
8. Put the medicine out of the children’s reach..把药品放在孩子们够不着的地方。
[思考归纳]
1.当reach用作动词,是什么含义,如何使用?
回答:当reach用做________后面直接跟宾语,意思是______。
2.当reach用作名词,是什么含义,如何使用?
回答:reach 可以用作名词 一般是 __________,通常用于out of one’s reach ,within one’s reach。

compare …to …与compare … with…

[观察分析]
1. My handwriting can not be compared with my fathers. 我的书写不能跟我父亲的比。
2. Compare this radio and that one ,and you will find which one is better. 比较一下这个收音机和那一个 ,你会知道哪个更好。
3. Man’s life is often compared to a candle. 人生常比作蜡烛。
4. Shakespeare compared the world to a stage.莎士比亚把人世比作舞台。
5. As a writer ,he can’t compare with Luxun. 作为一个作家,他无法与鲁迅比较。
[思考与归纳]
compare … to …与compare …with …意义有什么区别?
回答:compare …to …一般是把一方____另一方;而compare …with …是指把两方进行_____。

hope 与 wish 用法探究

[观察分析]
1. I hope we can pass the examination.我希望我能通过考试。
2. We hope to see you tomorrow. 我们希望明天能见到你。
3. There is nothing to be hoped for. 没什么好期待的了。
4. The doctor expressed strong hopes for her recovery.医生对她恢复健康抱有乐观的希望。
5. I wish I could go with you .我希望我能跟你一起去。
6. How I wish it wasn’t raining. 我多么希望天不下雨啊。
7. Parents wish their children to be happy always.父母们总是希望孩子们能一直快乐。
8. I wish you a pleasant journey. 祝你旅途愉快!
9. It’s hoped that our team will win the game.大家都希望我们队能赢的比赛。
10. I wish I could fly to the moon one day 我希望有一天我能飞到月球上去。
[思考归纳]
1. wish与hope分别是什么意思?
回答: wish是指的意思是________。而hope指的意思是________。
2. wish与hope 在用法上有什么不同?
回答: wish和hope一样都后面可跟_______( to do sth.)但是wish可用于wish sb to sth,而hope只可以跟说hope to do sth。两者后面也可以跟_____从句:wish后面跟的从句一般用____语气,从句里的时态一般用过去的某种时态。而hope后面的从句根据句子的需要可以用________。

常用的祝福语知多少?

[观察分析]
1. Good luck!祝你好运!
2. Good luck with your trip!祝你旅途顺利。
3. I wish you good luck /success! 祝你好运/成功!
4. Good journey !旅途愉快!
5. Have a good trip !旅途愉快!
6. Have a nice/good time .玩得愉快!
7. I’d congratulate you on your success!祝贺你成功。
[思考归纳]
祝福语一般用什么句式?是什么语气,什么意思?
回答 :祝福语一般用祈使句。一般表示说话人对于对方的一种_______。

instead与instead of有何区别?

[观察分析]
1. He is tired, and let me do it instead.他累了,让我代做吧 。
2. If we can’t go to Nanjing ,we’ll to go to Shanghai instead. 如果我们不能去南京,那就去上海。
3. I can go to the meeting instead of my sick brother. 我可以代我生病的兄弟去开会。
4. She went to school instead of staying at home. 他没呆在家里而是去上学了。
5. I like Chinese instead of maths.我喜欢语文,而不是数学。
6. It will take days by car, so let’s fly instead.开车去要好几天,我们还是坐飞机吧。
7. Instead of lending a hand, he laughed at us.他不仅没有帮我们,反而嘲笑我们。
8. We’ll have tea in the garden instead of in the house.我们将在庭园里而不是在房子里喝茶。
[思考归纳]
1. Instead 和instead of 分别是什么词性和意思?
回答:instead 是_____,表示________;instead of 是介词词组,表示_________。
2. 如何使用这两个词组?
回答:instead 位置比较灵活,可放在_________.instead of 后面一般可跟名词、______、形容词、________等。

be sure ,be sure of ,be sure to do,make sure

[观察分析]
1. I am sure that we can overcome all the difficulties.我肯定我们能战胜一切困难。
2. He is always sure of his success.他一直对自己的成功很有信心。
3. Our team is sure to win the game.我们队一定会赢得这场比赛。
4. It’s sure to rain soon.天一定要下雨了。
5. We are not sure what to do next. 我们不肯定接下来做什么。
6. Can we be sure of his honesty?我们能够确定他是诚实的吗?
7. We should make sure that all the windows and the doors are closed when we leave.我们应该确定在我们离开之前要把所有的门窗关好。
8. Make sure that the thief don’t escape. 当心那个贼跑掉。
[思考归纳]
1. 这些词组分别是什么意义?
回答:be sure 表示对某件事情有_______。Be sure of 表示对某人或是某物有_______. Be sure to do 表示说话人对主语做某事有_________某人或是某物一定能做某事。Make sure 表示_________。
2.这些词组分别如何使用?
回答:be sure后面一般可跟_________例如that,when,where等引导的从句。Be sure of 后面一般跟_________________作宾语。Be sure to 后面跟的是_________.make sure 后面一般跟_________。例如 that when等引导的从句,从句的时态往往用现在时态。

hurt ,wound ,injure 同样是“伤”,意义有别

[观察分析]
1. He hurt his back when he fell.他摔倒的时候背摔坏了。
2. The old lady was hurt by his words.那个老太太被他的话伤害了。
3. He got wounded in the fighting.他在打动中受伤了。
4. He died of a shoot wound in the war.在那次战争中,他死于枪伤。
5. The passenger was badly injured in the car accident.那个乘客在车祸中严重受伤。
6. My shoes are so tight that my feet hurt.我的鞋太小了,脚都疼了。
7. You will injure your health by smoking too much.你吸烟太多,有伤身体。
8. His failure injured his pride.他的失败伤了他的自尊。
9. I didn’t mean to hurt your feelings.我没想要伤害你的感情。
10. He was wounded in the leg.他的腿负伤了。
[思考归纳]
hurt,wound,injure意义有什么不同?
三者都可表示受伤,伤害。hurt可指对身体上的伤害,也指对______造成的伤害。wound一般指外伤,如______________等,尤其指在战争中,打斗中受伤。injure 一般是指在_________中受伤。

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