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高中教材动词短语例析
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:我心飞羊 | 更新时间:2006-1-22 | 字体: |
give up 放弃      One habit is smoking. He can’t give it up. ( SIIL 6 )
go away 走开、离开、逃跑  Did you stay at home or did you go away ? (SIL1)
go against 反对、不利于 But if you go against nature and do things at the wrong time of year , you will have to do
more work and the results will not be so good . ( SIL 95 )
go ahead 用吧   ----- Thanks . I wonder if I could use your phone. ---- Sure . Go ahead . (SIIL 5 )
go bad (食物)变坏、坏掉
Around 1850 , a terrible disease hit the potato crop , and potatoes went bad in the soil . (SIL87)
go off 离开      When are you going off to Guangzhou ? ( SIL 13 )
走开 In the afternoon , we all went off separately to look for new plants. (SIIL 35 )
go on doing sth. 继续干某时、不停地干某事
Sometimes we go on working after dark by the lights of our tractors . (SIL 2 )
go on with 继续 With the pay that he received and saved, he went on with his studies at university , where he
received a doctor’s degree in 1905 . (SIIL50 )
go up 上涨、上升    I believe prices might go up next week. ( SIL 33 )
grow up 生长     Or do they grow up by themselves ? ( SIL 17 )
hand in 交上来、递交    The report Mr Turner handed in was about the motor race . (SIL 39 )
hand out 分发 It seems necessary to hand out the listening text to the students. (SIIL22 )
have a good trip 一路顺风   Of course. Good luck. Have a good trip. ( SIL 13 )
have a talk with 与…谈话 Yang Mei is having a talk with her teacher Sara about learning English . ( SIL 81)
have a seat 坐下     Come in and have a seat . ( SIIL 57 )
have a test 参加测验      I had a test last week and got a full mark. ( SIIL 85 )
have a word with 和…说句话    Please , could I have a word with her ? ( SIIL 89 )
have difficulty in ( doing ) sth. (做)…有困难(麻烦) Others may have difficulty in moving. (SIIL 79 )
have ... on 戴着、穿着 Having a black hat on, Chaplin carried a stick , which he used to swing in the air. ( SIIL 19 )
有事、有约会   I’ve already got something on that evening . (SIIL 89 )
have sports 进行体育活动    Do you often have sports at school? ( SIL37 )
hear about 听说   Well , what else did you hear about at the meeting ? ( SIIL 33 )
help ... out 帮助某人解决困难   You remember my friend who helped me out? (SIIL95 )
hold one’s breath 屏息、不出声   Mrs cousins held her breath , and her whole body went cold. (SIIL46 )
hold up 阻挡、使停顿  If it is possible , hold up the part of the body which is bleeding . ( SIIL 30)
in order to 为了   People had to walk many kilometres in order to fetch wood . (SIL 18)
insist on 坚持、坚持认为、坚决要求 I insist on telling him how great you were. (SIIL 95)
join in 参加、加入  I joined in the march and we were marching peacefully along and then the police came up.
join up 联合起来、联接起来 Northern and Southern states joined up again as one country and slaves were set free.
keep a record 作记录    It also keeps a record of the date on which they will travel . (SIL 34 )
keep back 留下    Finally , he did not give her the right change , but kept back five pounds. (SIIL67 )
keep fit 保持健康    So people will be advised to keep fit in many ways . ( SIIL 67 )
keep in ouch with 与…保持联系
Although many families became separated, people still kept in touch with each other. (SIL87)
keep on ( doing sth. ) 继续(做某事)In the years that followed , Marx kept on studying English and using it. ( SIL 82 )
knock out of 从…敲出来In the following spring , the seeds should be knocked out of the seed-heads and sown.
lay the table 摆设餐具(准备吃饭)
---- What’s wrong with these eggs? -----Don’t ask me, sir, I only laid the table. ( SIIL 69 )
lead a simple life 过着简朴的生
Today , life has improved for the population , although many farmers in the west continue to lead a simple life.
lead to 导致、导向 He began the research and studies which led to his new discoveries in physics. ( SIIL 50 )
learn ... by heart 记住、背诵 They used to learn hundreds of songs by heart . ( SIIL 82)
let ... in 让…进来、放进
When a servant opened the door to fetch some wood , I spoke to her and persuaded her to let me in ( SIIL 85 )
live on 以…为主食、以…为生    They lived mainly on potatoes . (SIL 87 )
look down upon 看不起、轻视    The boss looked down upon women . (SIL75)
look forward to 盼望       I look forward to receiving your reply . ( SIIL 80)
look out 留神、当心 Look out ! The pan’s on fire . (SIL 61)
look round ( = look around ) 仔细查看
In 1978 a person was looking round an old gold-mining town in northern Australia . ( SIIL 22 )
lose heart 失去信心、灰心    Disney did not lose heart . ( SIIL 2 )
lose one’s life 死、牺牲
The whole building was destroyed and over 220 people lost their lives in the fire .( SIL 62 )
lose weight 减肥、降体重      I advise you to lose some weight . (SIL 60 )
make a decision 作出规定   We’ll meet again tomorrow and make a decision then . (SIL33 )
make a good effort 作很大的努力    the people made a good effort . ( SIL 92 )
make a record 录制唱片      He’s made lots of records . (SIL 41 )
make a plan for 为…作计划     Now it is much easier to make plans for

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