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高三选修10 Unit 3 Fairness for all词组句型解析
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry | 更新时间:2008-11-20 | 字体: |

词组句型用法全解

1.seize on  抓住(机会),把握(良机)、利用

We’ll seize on this chance.我们要抓住这个机会。

2.regard... as 把看作,把认为

Do you regard this issue as important?你认为这个问题重要吗?

注意: regard… as意思是:认为是; regard… with是以某种心态看某事物。As regards “至于, 关于”。一般位于句首,作介词用。类似的表达还有as to, as for, with regard to等。

3.on the basis of   “在……基础上”, “基于……理论” 

His story is on the basis of his own life experience when he is young.他的小说是在他年轻时的生活经历基础上写出来的。

注意:base指有形的基础;basis指无形的基础。 如military base军事基地,the basis of philosophy哲学基础

4.get on board  登上飞机/轮船等sweep the board 大获全胜 go by the board 落水,落空

His plan went by the board. 他的计划落空。

He is expected to sweep the board at tennis tournament.他被认为有望在网球锦标赛上获全胜。

5.worry about / be worried about 担心,发愁

He doesn’t worry about me.他不会为我发愁的。

6. Out/out of

out of…  在。。。。。。外、由于、缺乏、放弃

Jack can’t come this afternoon out of the work.今天下午杰克因为工作的原因不能来了。

We are out of fresh water.我们的淡水用完了。

I’ll talk her out of marrying Green.我要说服她不要嫁给格林。

7.as usual  像往常一样

as planned 按计划 as follows 如下, as never before 从未有过, as expected 预料之中

辨析:as it is/as it were

用as it is 陈述真实的情况,常译为“事实上”,“实际上”。比如:I thought things would get better, but as it is, they are getting worse..我以为事情会越来越好。但事实上,事情越来越糟糕。

as it were意义是:“可以说是”、“似乎是”、“仿佛”,并不那么肯定、确切。比如:

He is my best friend, my second self, as it were. 他是我的好朋友,可以说是我的第二个自我。

8.on the other hand “另一方面”,常和 on (the) one hand (一方面)成对出现。  

9.offer a lift “让人搭乘自己的便车”,与give a lift相等,但后者还有别的意思。比如:

The big increase in her salary gave her a tremendous lift.她的薪水大幅度增加使她极为振奋。

注意:lift / raise/ rise三者都有“举起或升起”的意思。lift是用体力或机械力把某物举到一定的高度。raise是及物动词,强调“抬高”动作,还有“饲养,抚育”的意思。rise意为“升起, 站起来”,常指日、月、星辰升起。比如:

This box is too heavy for me to lift.这个箱子太重,我搬不动

This piece of good luck lifted his spirit.这次幸运使她非常高兴。

10. after all  毕竟、终究。用在句子里加强语气,表示“让步”。

I thought I was going to fail the exam, but I passed after all. 我原以为这次考试不及格了, 可毕竟还是及格了。

用于句首或从句之首,意思则是“别忘记”,“须知”,“要知道”等。

After all, I’ve nothing to be ashamed of.要知道,我并没有什么可羞愧的。

11. make up  编造 、弥补、构成

Stop making things up!别编故事啦!

What are the qualities that make up Hamlet’s character?哈姆莱特的性格特征是什么?

Make up for the lost time。 努力补回失去的时间。

12. Not only…but also   “不但……而且”

Shakespeare was not only a playwright but also an actor.莎士比亚不但是剧作家而且是演员。

13. Instead of  代替,而不 (对其后的内容“否定”)

She usually does some reading in the room instead of in the library.她通常在房间而不在图书馆里阅读。

13. as I woke even earlier than usual.

as 在此引导原因状语从句,从句中使用了比较级,“比平常早”。as usual, “像平常一样”

I like to be punctual for work and no boycott is going to make me late.

14. is going to既表示将来时间又表示“肯定、会”等情态动词的意思,在此句中可以和will互换。意思是:我一贯准时上班,联合抵制也不会/不可能使我迟到的。

15. What excitement! 感叹句,对名词感叹用what;对副词、形容词、或动词感叹用how。

How well you look!/How dirty the house is!

What a good idea!/What genius you have!

16. Here you can take my copy now that I’ve finished with it.

now that 引导原因状语从句, 意思是“既然”

Now that they could ride horses, it became easier to hunt the bison.既然他们学会骑马了,猎取野牛也就变得比较容易了。

17. When Walter shook his head a third time, I spoke up for Walter.

a third time 是 “又一次”。a third stranger “又一个陌生人”,不过,这是第三次见到的陌生人。所以,“再学一门外语”应为“learn a second language”,不能说“learn the second language”

真题:The cakes are delicious. He’d like to have ____ third one because _____ one is rather too small. (2002上海)

A. a, a            B. the, the          C. a, the            D. the, a

解析:答案是C。

18. speak up,

1)“大声说话”,相当于talk louder, speak louder 2)“毫不迟疑地说出自己的意见”

Will you speak up? I can’t hear you.

He tried to force me to pay for a bad meal, but I spoke up and told him I would not.

课文长句难点剖析

1. Taxis passed all full of passengers as we pedestrians marched on the pavement.

剖析:full of passengers “装满了乘客”,作主语补足语。

2. The boy was laid down, dead. 

剖析:dead  是形容词做状语,表示伴随出现的结果状态。 

3. Maybe white businesses are suffering now since we don’t shop downtown any more.

剖析:suffer vi. 相当于 “ have loss”, 受损

His business suffered while he was ill.在他患病期间他的生意受损了。

还有其他意思,如“经历,遭受”;suffer pain/defeat/adversity 遭受痛苦(失败,不幸)。

“not…any more” 是“不再去商业区购物了”的意思。

译文:因为我们不再到商业区去购物,白人的生意也许会受到损失。

4. But it must mean we’re winning. 

剖析:进行式are winning表示:1)讲话时的充沛情感;2)该动作很快即将实现。

译文:我们肯定会胜利的。

5. It was not until November 13,1956 that the US Supreme Court declared separation on buses was not constitutional.

剖析:It is(was)…that是强调句型。强调“人”,可以用who, 其余用that引导从句。比如:

Mr Wang told us a very interesting story.

It was Mr.Wang who/that told us a very interesting story. (强调Mr Wang) 

It was a very interesting story that Mr. Wang told us.  (强调a very interesting story)

强调句的疑问形式:

What was it that made you so happy?

How was it that he lost his temper?

6. Today is a red letter day. 

剖析:日历上“喜庆日”都是红字印刷。

译文:今天是值得庆贺的日子。

7. We may only have struck one small blow for liberty but who knows where it’ll lead?

剖析:may have done表示对过去动作的推测,“准是,肯定”。must have done也表示“对过去的肯定推测”,但语气比前者强;

lead to 通向:Hard working can lead us to success.努力可以使我们走向成功。

译文:我们为了自由也许才进行了一次小小的斗争,谁知这场斗争会吧我们引向何方呢?

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