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高中英语教材重难点:高三 Unit 6--10
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:本站整理 | 文章录入:henry982 | 更新时间:2006-6-12 | 字体: |

Unit 6 Mainly revision
一、语法
Revise Checkpoints 1--5
1.主语从句
在多数情况下,我们用it作形式主语,而把主语从句放在后面。如:
It is strange that she should like him.
2.表语从句
The reason for his success is that he works hard.
注意 The reason that为固定用法,不用because。
3.同位语从句
The news that our team has beaten theirs is so exciting.
注意 此处不可以用which. That用来引导同位语从句,说明前面名词的内容。
The news that/which he told me was not true.
二、聚焦高频考点
1.no matter how ...“无论怎么”“不管多么”
eg: No matter how difficult it is, I'll try it again.
no matter后面可接what, who, which, when, where等疑问词。
eg: No matter what happens, don't be discouraged.
No matter where he works, he is always working hard.
2.get rid of“摆脱(疾病等麻烦事)”“除掉”“处理”
eg: She can't get rid of the bad cold.
The problem is how to get rid of bad habits.
3.deal with 应付, 处理, 考虑, 安排
eg: How to deal with the matter is unknown.
交际, 打交道, (和...)来往
eg: He is easy to deal with.
三、常用词语与句型
1.less noise, please!“请小声点”完整句子是:Don't make any noise, please!
2.It looks as if+clause“看起来好像…”。
eg: It looks as if it's going to train.
3.It seems that ...表示猜测或判断,“看来……”
eg: It seems that she is telling a lie.
4.at one time“曾经”“一度”“往昔”
eg: At one time there were not so many cars on the streets.
5.make an effort to do sth.努力做……
eg: We are making an effort to fight against pollution.
四、交际用语
Don't rush, please!
Less noise, please!
What a pity!
It looks as if it isn't clean enough to bathe here.
It seems that there is a big pipe over there.

Unit 7 Angkor Wat
1.Angkor Wat 吴哥寺(又名吴哥窟),古高棉王朝庞大的宫殿遗址。
2.Aa long as that? 要那么长时间吗?
that 指上一句中的 about a week,这个句子相当于: Will it take as long as that?
3.It may be necessary to put up a notice saying "Keep off". 也许有必要张贴一个通知,标明"禁止践踏"。
1)这个句子的实际主语是 to put up a notice saying "Keep off",it是形式主语。
2)saying "Keep off" 是动词-ing形式结构作定语,修饰前面的名词 notice。
3)keep off 离开;勿接触。例如:
Keep off the grass. 禁止践踏草坪。
4.masses of = a mass of 大量的。如: masses of people 一大群人;a mass of flowers 一丛花;masses of work 大量的工作。
5....they'll go hard. ......他们会变硬的。
go相当于become(变成),在这里是连系动词,后面跟形容词hard,作表语。例如:
He went blind when he was old. 他年老时,双目失明了。
My father went grey when he was in his late thirties. 我父亲不到40岁就两鬓斑白了。
6.I'll ring the building firm. 我会给建筑公司打电话的。
7.It looks a bit ugly as it is. 它(指这墙)现在样子很难看。
8....the temple was deserted and falling to pieces. ......这寺庙荒芜了,坍塌了。
deserted 是形容词,"荒废了的"的意思,在句中作表语。
9.Boards are laid down to protect the precious painted stone ... 为了保护这些绘有花纹的珍贵石块,上面铺了一层木版......
painted 是形容词,"绘画的,油漆了的,着了色的"的意思。
10.Piles of stones lie in a corner of the courtyard, waiting to be replaced. 院子的角落里放着一堆堆的石头,准备作更换之用。
1)waiting to be replaced 是动词-ing形式结构作状语,修饰句中谓语动词lie,表示伴随情况。
2)to be replaced 是不定式的被动语态,作状语,表示它的动作在wait的动作之后发生。
11.First they cleaned the stones with brushes using buckets of a weak chemical. 首先,用刷子蘸上桶里一种稀薄的化学药剂把石头清洗干净。
using a weak chemical 用作状语,表示伴随情况。
12.To make things worse, ... 使情况更为糟糕的是,......
这是一个不定式短语,作状语,表示结果。放在句子开头起强调作用。
13.After sunset, the sky turns pink. 日落以后,天空变成粉红色。
turn 相当于 become(变成),在这里是连系动词,后面跟形容词pink,作表语。
14.Nowhere else in the world can there be such a quiet, beautiful place. 世界上没有别的地方能像这样美,这样幽静。
这个句子相当于: There is nowhere else in the world as quiet and beautiful as this place.
本句把 nowhere else in the world 提到句子前面,是为了强调。由于nowhere含有否定意义,后面句子就要倒装。
15.fall into/to ruins 毁灭;崩溃
The whole country fell into/to ruins after the war. 战后整个国家成为一片废墟。
16.cover an area of 占地面积达
China covers an area of 9.6 million square kilometres. 中国占地面积达九百六十万平方公里。
17.as well as 常用来连接两个并列成分,强调的部分在as well as之前。
He could speak German as well as Russian. 他不但会讲俄语,而且还会讲德语。
18.of importance 具有重要性
This meeting is of great importance. 这次大会具有重要意义。
注意: of 一般接抽象名词,如: value, wealth, education, size等。
19.up until 一直到......为止
up 在这里表示"(在时间、空间、程度等方面)一直到"。
The custom may be traced up to the Tang Dynasty. 这种风俗可以追溯到唐代。
20.in a...state 处于......状态
The school has been in a terrible state for a long time. 这所学校一直破败不堪。
同义词链接: in a...condition
21.主句 + where necessary 在必要的地方......
where necessary 相当于 where it was necessary。
由 where, when, if等引导的从句,有时可以简写,只保留从句中必要的成分,尤其当其它谓语是 it is/was 时,通常省略。
He made some marks in the article where necessary. 他在文中必要的地方做了一些记号。
He must be somewhere around if not here. 如果他不在这儿,一定在附近。

Unit 8 A person of great determination
1.keep one's word 遵守诺言;守信用
The Chinese people always keep their word. 中国人民说话是算数的。
短语链接: hold one's word 守信;break one's word 食言;eat one's words (被迫)收回前言,承认说错;leave word 留言;give one's word 保证;word comes that... 有消息说......
同义词链接: keep one's promise
2.but 除......外
Nobody knew it but me. 除了我之外,没有人知道这事。
同义词链接: except
注意: but用作介词,后面跟动词不定式时,注意其用法: 句子中有实义动词do,but后面的不定式不带to,否则but后的不定式带to。
3.argue about sth. 辩论;争论
He and his sister always argue about politics. 他和他姐姐经常就政治问题辩论。
4.apologize for 就......道歉
I apologize to you for taking your book by mistake. 我就拿错了你的书向你道歉。
短语链接: make an apologize to sb. for (doing) sth.
5.I am sorry to have done... ......,真对不起
I'm sorry to have said that to you. 对你说那样的话,我很抱歉。
短语链接: be sorry for sb./sth. 为......难过,为......后悔;be sorry about 为......而不安;be sorry that... ......而不安
6.I didn't mean to... 我不是有意......
I didn't mean to hurt you. I meant to help you. 我不是想伤害你。我是想帮助你。
句型链接: What do you mean by V-ing? 你......是什么意思?
Do you mean to say... 你难道是说......?
Mean what one says 说真心话。
7.rather 很;非常
That match was rather boring. 那是一场非常乏味的比赛。
8.There is no need... 没有必要......
There is no need for a meeting/for holding a meeting. 没有必要召开会议。
短语链接: have (no) need of... 不需要......;in need of... 急需......
9.in search of 搜寻
We started off at once in search of the missing child. 我们马上出发寻找那个失踪的孩子。
短语链接: in one's search for 为了寻找......;make a search for (after) 寻求,寻找,探求;search for (after) 找,寻找,探求;search out 找出;search through... 把......搜一遍
10.And what now? 这个句子是省略句,其完整形式为: What are you going to do now?
11.Do you mind if + 主语 + 一般现在时态? 如果......你介意吗?
这是征求别人意见的一个常用句型,有时mind后面接V-ing形式。
-- Do you mind if I open the window? (Do you mind my opening the window?) 我打开窗子你不介意吧?
-- No, not at all. 是的,不介意。
句型链接: Would you mind if + 主语 + 一般过去时态?
12.turn to (使)变成;求助于
The snow turned to rain when they got further down the mountain. 他们走到山更低的地方时,雪变成雨了。
13.ahead of 比......高;优于;超越;在......之前
We are well ahead of all the other teams at present. 目前我们远远胜过其他各队。
We fulfilled the plan ahead of the schedule. 我们提前完成了计划。
14.in that case 如果是那样的话
It may rain tomorrow. In that case, we'll have to put off the sports meet till next Saturday.明天可能会下雨。如果那样的话,我们只好把运动会推迟到下个星期六了。
短语链接: in case 假使,万一(作连词使用);in case of 万一,假如发生(后面接名词或动名词);in any case 无论如何,总之;in good case 身体健康;in no case 决不;in this case 假使这样的话
15.to one's delight 使某人高兴的是
To my delight, my umbrella was where I had left it. 令我高兴的是,我的伞还放在原来的地方。
短语链接: to my surprise 使我吃惊的是;to my satisfaction 使我满意的是;to my sadness 令我伤心的是
句型链接: delight + 名词/代词 使......高兴;be delighted at... 对......感到高兴;be delighted with... 对......感到高兴;be delighted to do...高兴做某事;be delighted that... 高兴......;take delight in... 乐于干......,爱好......
16.look into 注视着;调查;检查;研究
The policeman looked into the man's eyes, trying to find if he was the robber they were catching.警察盯着那个人的眼睛,想断定此人是否是他们一直在追捕的抢劫犯。
Our general manager ordered me to look into that at once.总经理责令我马上调查此事。
17.Yes, more than I can ever get. 这是一个省略句,其完整形式为: Yes, I want more books than I can ever get.意思是: 是的,我要的书比我买的要多。
18.burst into tears 突然大哭
Hearing the news, she burst into tears. 听到这个消息,她突然大哭起来。
短语链接: burst into laughing/laughter 捧腹大笑/爆发出大笑;burst with anger 勃然大怒;burst into the room 闯入房间
19.come up (机会等)出现;发生
A light breeze came up. 一阵微风刮起。
20.主语 + would have done sth. + but for + sth. 要不是......就......
but for 是短语介词,相当于without,意思是"如果不是......",相当于一个虚拟条件句。
But for the snow, we would have had a very pleasant journey. 如果不下雪,我们的旅行会是非常愉快的。
21.on the point of 在......的时刻,正要(去做某事)
The teacher came in when we were on the point of returning home.我们正准备回家,老师进来了。
注意: be on the point of doing sth. 相当于be about to do sth. 短语中的介词on有时可替换为at。
22.like crazy 拼命地
短语链接: be crazy on/about sth. 醉心于......;be crazy with joy 欣喜若狂
解析: crazy常指由于忧虑、悲伤、欣喜、渴望、激动等某种强烈的情绪而起的一种神经错乱和失去控制的精神状态,具有"狂热"、"着迷"等含义。mad指精神失常狂乱,完全失去理智,不能控制自我的一种病态。
23.so long as 只要
相当于as long as,常用于引导条件状语从句。
As long as you are happy, it doesn't matter what you do. 只要你高兴,干什么都行。
24. And in the end he did land us safe. 最后他的确把我们平安送上了岸。
句中的did为助动词,加强语气。例如:
Do tell me all around yourself. 请把你的一切告诉我吧。
25.hurry off 匆忙离开
After a few words, he hurried off. 说过几句话后,他匆忙离开了。
26.take charge of 掌管;负责;照看
The old lady takes charge of the children. 这位老太太照顾这些孩子们。
An experienced engineer took charge of the project. 一名有经验的工程师负责这项工程。
同义词链接: be in charge of

Unit 9 Gymnastics
1.in/at the sb.'s 表场所。例如:at the lawyer's 在律师事务所
短语链接: at the doctor's 在诊所;at the barber's 在理发店;at the baker's 在面包店;at the butcher's 在肉店
2.There is something wrong with sb./sth.有时也作Something is wrong with sb./sth. 表示"某人/某物有毛病/有问题"。例如:
There is something wrong with (Something is wrong with) the design. 设计有点问题。
3.take a look at 看一下
"take/have + 名词"是英语中的一种常见结构,表示短暂的动作。
May I take a look at your picture? 我可以看一下你的照片吗?
短语链接: take/have a rest 休息;take/have a nap 小憩;take/have a walk 散步;take/have a sleep 睡一觉
4.as many/much as... 多达......;达......程度
Working in the USA, he earned as much as US $3,000 a month. 在美国工作时,他每个月挣3,000美元。
5.knock into 碰撞
He knocked into the chair in the dark. 他在黑暗中撞倒了椅子。
6.fall over 跌跤
Jack pushed on through the snow. Then he began to fall over his own feet. 杰克在大雪中艰难地行走。然后他开始踉跄地摔起跟头来。
7.fortunate 幸运地;带来运气的
You are a fortunate man. 你是一个幸运之人。
句型链接: be fortunate + 不定式 做某事很幸运;be fortunate + in 短语...... 很幸运;be fortunate for... 对某人来说很幸运
8.and so on and so on 就这样反复进行
The water is turned into vapour and is cooled and turned into vapour again, and so on and so on. 水加热变成水蒸气,然后冷却,再变成水蒸气,如此循环反复。
9.do sth. twice a day 一天两次做某事
Take the medicine twice a day. 这药一天服两次。
10.It is/was + 被强调部分 + that...是一个强调句型,原句为Olympic competitions started in Greece. 英语中除了动词部分外,其余句子成分均可以用这种形式进行强调。动词的强调则在动词前面用动词do的相应形式表示。
It was a statement almost the same as this that the government spokesman made last week. 那位政府发言人上星期发表的就是一个和这个几乎一样的讲话。
11.prepare sb. for 使某人对......进行准备
He prepared himself for bad news. 他对坏消息作好了应付的准备。
12.aim 目标,目的
13.do sth. to music 伴随音乐做某事
They danced to folk music. 他们随着民乐跳舞。
14.There are a few simple safety measures to follow while training. 这个复合句子的从句中省略了主语,其完整形式为while you are training。when/while/before/after引导的状语从句的主语如果与主句的主语一致,从句的主语常常省略,动词则采用-ing或-ed形式。例如:
You must be careful when driving a car. 驾车时要小心。
He was quite surprised when told of the news. 被告知那个消息时,他感到非常吃惊。
15.be content 感到满足;感到满意
She is quite content with her present fortune. 她对自己目前的境遇感到颇为满足。
I should be well content to do so. 我很愿意这么做。
16.be used to 习惯于
Some of the students are not used to living in the north. 有些学生不习惯在北方生活。
17.get on/along 进展;相处
How are you getting on with your classmates? 你与同学相处得怎么样?
18.in all 总共
There are seventy students in our class in all. 我们班共有七十名同学。
19.glance at 匆匆看一眼;匆匆读一遍
I glanced at my watch and was surprised to see it was nearly midnight. 我一看表,大吃一惊,时间已经近午夜了。
20.cheer 充满欢喜,欢呼,喝彩,加油
Everyone was cheered by the good news. 人人都因这个好消息而受到鼓舞。
注意: cheer用作名词时,常用复数Cheers! 表示“干杯”的意思。
21.be proud of 以......为自豪
I'm proud of my hometown. 我为我的家乡而自豪。
同义词链接: take pride in

Unit 10 The trick
1.turn up 出现;露面;找到;发现;证明是;调大(灯、火、煤气等)
About 3,000 people turned up for this press conference. 大约3,000人出席了这次记者招待会。
2.may have done 和 might have done都表示对已发生事情不明确的猜测。
Rose left yesterday afternoon. She may have gone home. Rose昨天下午走了。她可能回家了。
Lucy didn't attend the class this morning. She might have been ill. Lucy今天早晨没有来上课。她也许生病了。
3.(ever) since 自从......
常用于表示上下文提到的某一过去时间到目前的这一段时间,通常置于句尾。since在此为副词。例如:
She became a lawyer ten years ago and has been working for a cooperation (ever) since. 10年前她成为一名律师。从那以后,她一直为一家公司工作。
4.sth. + happen to sb. 某人发生......事
If anything should happen to him, that would be too bad. 要是万一他发生了什么事可就糟了。
5.It's like sb. to do sth. 做......像......的样子
该句型用于表示对某人赞扬或不满;其否定式表示怀疑。例如:
It's like her to have said that. 这样的话很像她说的。
It's not like him to have done such a foolish thing. 这么愚蠢的事情不像是他做的。
6.She usually wears that round her...句中的that指代money belt;middle 表示"腰部"。
7.in actual fact 事实上,实际上
Officially he is in charge, but in actual fact his secretary does all the work. 形式上他是负责人,但实际上他的秘书掌管一切。
8.the day before (某日的)前一天;头一天
Joe told us that he had come back the day before. 乔告诉我们,他是头一天回来的。
9.escape from 从......逃跑
escape作不及物动词时表示"逃跑",须和from搭配;作及物动词时表示"逃脱或逃避",后接名词或动名词。
You can't escape being punished. 你无法逃避惩罚。
It is difficult fot them to escape from the prison. 对于他们来说,想从监狱逃走是很困难的。
10.in a flash 一瞬间;转眼间;突然间
She'll call him and he'll be here in a flash. 她给他打电话,转眼间他就会到的。
11.On one's arrival, one + 谓语 +其他成分 某人一到达......,就......
介词upon/on在这里表示时间,后面常接名词或动名词,意思是"在......时间;刚刚;一......就......"。例如:
On/Upon hearing the news she turned pale. 听到这个消息,她的脸都白了。
He left all his possessions to his son upon/on his death. 他死后把财产留给了儿子。
12.calm 无风的,无风浪,镇定的,宁静的
The sea is calm tonight. 今晚海上没有风浪。
You must try to be calm. 你们必须尽力镇定一些。
13.with fear 由于害怕
英语里"介词with + 名词"结构经常用来表示原因,作"由于......"解释。
The students jumped with joy. 学生们高兴得跳了起来。
He was shivering with cold. 他冻得发抖。
14.Outside the entrance stood two police officers with guns. 这是一个倒装句,其正常语序为:Two police officers with guns stood outside the entrance. 当表示状语的短语放在句首时,这个句子常常用全部倒装。例如:
From the valley came a tinkling sound. 山谷里传来叮叮当当的声音。
15.with + 名词/分词短语/介词短语 常用来表示伴随状况或原因。例如:
He sat in his armchair, with his eyes fixed on the TV set. 他坐在椅子里,两眼盯着电视机。
With the children at school, their mother could go out to work. 孩子们上学去了,妈妈可以外出工作。
16.show sb. to 带某人去某地
Let me show you to the door. 让我送你到门口。
17.smile to oneself 自己发笑
Why are you smiling to yourself? 你为什么独自发笑?
18.The moment + 从句,+ 主句 一......就......
the moment 在这里为连词,连接时间状语从句。
The moment they arrived at the airport, they got on the plane. 他们一到达飞机场便登上了飞机。
19.force... open 强行打开;撞开
They forced the car open and drove it away. 他们撬开车门,把车开走了。
20.break off 结束,打断;折断
He broke off in the middle of a sentence. 他说了半句话停了下来。
21.主语 + find onself + V-ing/V-ed/介词短语 发现自己(处于某种状态);不自觉地来到......
We walked on and on and at sunset, we found ourselves in a small mountain village. 我们不停地向前走,到太阳下山时,发现我们走进了一个小山村。
When he came to himself, he found himself (lying) in a hospital. 当他醒过来时,他发现自己躺在医院里。
He found himself followed by a group of children. 他发现身后跟了一群孩子。
22.lead to 通往
This is a road leading to the top of the mountain. 这是一条通往山顶的路。

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