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高二必修5 Unit 2 The United Kingdom词汇解析
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry | 更新时间:2008-10-6 | 字体: |

unit 2 Words and expressions

1.debate about /on/upon sh争论某事
Debate sth with sb      与某人争某事
eg.I debated the idea in my mind until I fell asleep.
我入睡前一直在思考这个问题。
They were debating whether to go to the mountain or to the seaside.
他们正在争论是去山上还是去海边。
After a long debate the bill was passed in congress.
经过长时间的辩论后,议案在国会通过了。

2.in addition to sth/doing sth=as well as, besides另外
Additions are made to the list from time to time.
清单的内容不断扩充。
In addition to giving a general introduction to computers, the course also
provides practical experience.
课程除了介绍一般电脑知识外,还提供实际操作的机会。

3.lie-lay-lain-lying  躺,卧,位于
lay-laid-laid-laying 放置,下蛋
lie-lied-lied-lying  撒谎
figure  体形,身体;数字;图形;人像,雕像
figure out  计算出;想明白
have/keep a good figure 拥有/保持好身材
be poor/good at figures 擅长/不擅长计算

4.get into (out of ) a difficult situation

5.run across /run into  偶遇,撞上
run away走掉
run away from逃避
run out用光
run out of 用光
in the long run从长远看
be on the run 忙碌

6.close  get close to 接近   sit close to 坐在旁边
watch sb closely 密切观察某人
be deeply moved 深受感动
deep into the night 到深夜
be highly praised 受到高度赞扬
fly high 飞得高
be widely used 被广泛使用
with his eyes wide open 眼睛睁得很大

7.equip …with sth 用某物装备

8.take measures to do 采取措施做
take steps to do 采取步骤(措施)做
take action 采取行动

9.be concerned with  与。。。有关
be concerned about /over 关心,挂念
as/so far as …be concerned 就。。。而言
concerning=about

10.rely on/upon =depend on/upon 依赖,依靠

11.result in 导致
result from 因为
as a result(of) 因为。。。

12.lead to 通向;导致  =result in
eg: All roads lead to Rome. 条条大路通罗马。
eg: Success lies in hard work while laziness can lead to failure.
成功在于努力,懒惰导致失败。
The discovery of new evidence led to the thief being caught.
 新证据的发现使小偷被抓住了。

13.hunt for a job 找工作

14.under way   在进行中
under attack   受到攻击
under control  在控制之下
under discussion 在讨论中
under repair    在修理中
under examination 在检查中
under construction  在建设中
under arrest  被逮捕

15.assess
eg: My lawyer assessed the value of my company at £700,000.
我的律师估计我的公司价值70万英镑。

16.remain
We are remaining at home.
我们留在家里
Peter became a judge but John remained a fisherman.
彼得当了法官,但约翰仍然是个渔民。
He's determined to remain loyal to the team whatever comes his way.
他决心不管发生什么事都忠于球队。
The death of the innkeeper still remains a mystery.
客栈老板之死仍然是个谜。
it remains to be seen
还要看情况发展

17.within the reach of sb  在某人手够到的地方
out of one’s reach =beyond the reach of sb 某人手够不到的地方
reach for 伸手去拿
reach to 延伸到
eg: The farmland reaches to the river. 农场延伸到河边。

18.consider…as/regard…as/think of…as/look on…as/have…as
认为。。。是。。。

19.an access to  。。。的入口
an introduction to 。。。的入门介绍
an answer to。。。的答案
a key to。。。的答案/关键/钥匙
an entrance to a building 一座建筑的入口
an exit from
a solution to …

20.turn on/off the lights 开/关灯
turn into eg: turn waste land into rich fields 把荒地变成沃野
turn to sb for help/turn to the dictionary 向某人求助/查字典
turn down the radio/his invitation 关低收音机/拒绝他的邀请
turn up the radio 开响收音机
turn in 上缴;把。。。交给警方
turn over 考虑;翻过来;移交

21.open the floor for discussion 开始讨论
22.have a lasting effect on…   对。。。有持久影响
23.hide from their responsibilities  逃避责任
24.cut back on/cut down production  减少产量
25do harm to /be harmful to   对。。。有害
26.make a final decision    做最后的决定
27.What if we run out of space?  如果我们没有空间怎么办?
28.a new, environmentally friendly hotel  一个新的环保旅馆
29.write in 写信表示意见
30.On taking off his jacket, a sleeping tortoise was found on his stomach.
他一脱下夹克,人们就看到他的肚子上趴着一只睡着的乌龟。
31.impress sb with sth/impress sth on sb 给。。。留下印象
32.line up 排队
 be lined with trees 长者一排排的树
33.provide sth for sb/provide sb with sth 给。。。提供。。。
34.at a national or international level 以国家或国际水平
35.in the form of    以。。。的形式
36.pick out areas likely to be affected by desertification
选出可能受到沙漠化影响的地区
37.from my point of view 依我看
38.on account of /due to /as a result of /thanks to/because of 因为
39.depend on the Yangtze River for survival 依靠长江赖以生存
40.leave out 排除在外,忽略掉
eg: Leave me out of this quarrel, I don’t want to get involved.
不要让我参与吵架,我不想卷入。

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