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高二必修5 Unit 3 Life in the future重点词汇解析
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry | 更新时间:2008-10-6 | 字体: |

Unit 3 Life in the future

 master
e.g. The dog run to his .
It takes a long time to a foreign language.
The police failed to catch the man who the whole operation.
Hisof the violin was quite exceptional for a child of his age.
The battle was fought for of the seas.
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master (noun)

1.主人 The dog run to his master. 那条狗朝它的主人跑去。
2.专家 a master builder 建筑大师
3.硕士学位 master’s degree (also 亦作 master’s)
(verb)
1.掌握;精通It takes a long time to master a foreign language. 掌握一门外语需花一段很长时间。
2.to control sth.: to master a situation
mastermind (n./v.)主谋 The police failed to catch the man who masterminded the whole operation.警方未能拘捕策划整个行动的幕后主谋。
masterpiece noun[c] 杰作;名著;代表作
mastery noun[u] 1. mastery (of sth)熟练;精通 His mastery of the violin was quite exceptional for a child of his age. 以他这个年纪的孩子来说,他拉小提琴的熟练程度很突出。
2.mastery(of/over sb/sth) 控制;驾驭 The battle was fought for mastery of the seas. 这场战斗是为了争夺海域控制而进行的。

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sight
e.g. He lost his in the war.
We flew over Paris and had our first of the Eiffel tower.
She didn’t let the child out of her .
When you come to New York, I’ll show you the .
At first it looked like solid gold.
The soldiers were ordered to shoot the enemy on .
I caught of the man at the end of the street.
A peace settlement is in.
We mustn’t lose if our original aims.
After many weeks at sea, they land.
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sight(noun)

1.[u]视力 He lost his sight in the war.(=he became blind)
2.sight of sb/sth 看见 We flew over Paris and had our first sight of the Eiffel tower. 我们飞越巴黎,第一次看到埃菲尔铁塔。
3.[u]视野 She didn’t let the child out of her sight. 她不让孩子走出自己的视线之外。
4.sights 名胜 When you come to New York I’ll show you the sights. 你到纽约来时,我带你游览名胜。
[idioms]
at first glance/sight 乍一看At first sight it looked like solid gold.
at/on sight一看到 The soldiers were ordered to shoot the enemy on sight. 士兵奉命一见敌人就开枪。
catch sight/a glimpse of sb/sth 瞥见 I caught sight of the man at the end of the street.
in sight 即将发生 A peace settlement is in sight. 和平解决在望。
know sb by sight 认得某人,但与对方并不熟悉
lose sight of sb/sth 不再看见;忘记We mustn’t lose sight if our original aim.
short-sighted 近视
sightseeing (noun)[c] 观光;游览
sightseer 观光者
(verb)
看见;发现 After many weeks at sea, they sighted land.
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flash

e.g. With a of inspiration I saw what the answer must be.
The light’s not very good. You’ll need .
The disco lights were on and off all night.
The news of the disaster was across the world.
Something he said made my mind back to my childhood.
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flash (noun)
1.[C]闪电
2.[C]灵感 With a flash of inspiration I saw what the answer must be. 我灵机一动,想出个答案来。
3.[C/U]闪光灯 The light’s not very good. You’ll need flash.
flashlight =torch
(verb)
1.[I/T]使闪烁 The disco lights were flashing on and off all night.
2.[T]发送 The news of the disaster was flashed across the world. 灾情传遍寰宇。
flash back 突然回到以往去Something he said made my mind flash back to my childhood. 他的话勾起了我童年的回忆。
flashy (adj.) 艳丽的
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assist (verb)

e.g. A man is the police with their inquires.
Can I be of any ?
The director is away today. Would you like to speak to her ?
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assist (verb)

[I/T] 协助 A man is assisting the police with their inquires. 一名男子正协助警方调查。
assist (sb) in/with sth; assist (sb) in doing sth
assistance (noun)援助 Can I be of any assistance? 我能帮忙吗?
assistant (noun) 助手 The director is away today. Would you like to speak to her assistant? 主管不在,你要不要跟她的助理说话?
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require

e.g. Do you any assistance?
Passengers are by law to wear seat-belts.
They grow enough vegetable for their own .
Aid was sent to the earthquake victims at the of the Iranian government.
Single rooms are available on .
Passenger are not to smoke on bus.
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require

(verb) [T] 1.需要 Do you require any assistance? 你需要帮助吗?
{require is more formal(正式)than need }
2.要求;命令(常用被动) Passengers are required by law to wear seat-belts. 乘客必须依法系上安全带。
requirement (noun)[C] 需要 They grow enough vegetable for their own requirements.
request (noun)[C] request for (sth/that…): a request for help 需要帮助
at sb’s request/at the request of sb 应某人的要求 Aid was sent to the earthquake victims at the request of the Iranian government. 应伊朗政府的要求,救援物质已运送给地震灾民。
on request (= if you ask) Single rooms are available on request. 如有需要,可提供单人房。
(verb) request sth (from/of sb) Passenger are requested not to smoke on bus
Vehicle (n.)    1、conveyance such as a car ,lorry or cart used for transporting goods or passengers on land .
路上交通工具
2、~~ for something  means by which thought, feeling, etc can be expressed
表达思想感情等的工具或手段
eg .  Art may be used as a vehicle for propaganda.
艺术可用作宣传工具。
Vehicular  (adj.)intended for or consisting of vehicles 供车辆使用的;车辆的;
                          Vehicular access 车辆入口
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Carriage 1、[C]vehicle pulled by a horse or horses for carrying people 马车
2、[C]railway coach for carrying passengers 客车厢
                 a first –class carriage 头等车厢
3、[U]( cost of )transporting goods from one place to another货运(费)
4、[C]moving part of a machine that supports or moves another part
                 (机器的)移动托架
Carriageway (n.)  part of a road on which vehicles travel 车道
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Mud (n.) 1、soft wet earth 泥;烂泥;淤泥;
Eg.  My shoes were covered \plastered in \with mud.
2、(idm) (as ) clear as mud :很不清楚的;不明显的;未解释清楚的;
                Drag sb\sb’s name through the mire\mud :使某人蒙羞、丢丑
                Mud at sb : 企图败坏某人的名声
                Mud sticks 恶事如泥沾身洗不清
                Sb’s name is mud :某人因所做谋事而不受欢迎
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Private (adj.) 1、of, belonging to or for the use of one particular person or group only;
私人的;私有的;私用的;个人的;
2、a. not (to be) revealed to others; secret 不公开的
          I’m not going to tell you about it; it’s private.我不打算把此事告诉你,这是私事。
      b. Not liking to share thoughts and feelings with others 不喜欢和别人交流思想感情
         He’s a rather private person.
3、( 指谈话、会议等)只有少数人(尤指两人)参加并对其他人保密的
       Eg.   I’d like a private chat with you.
4、a.清静的,不受打扰的
      b.不受他人打扰;无外人
5、of ,belonging to or carried out  by an individual or an independent company rather than the state; not state-controlled 个体经营的;私营的;民办的;不受国家控制的
private (n) [C ]soldier of lowest rank 士兵;列兵
Privates ( pl.)=Private parts
(idm) in private 私下的
Privately (adv.)  Eg.  The matter was arranged privately.
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Settlement (n.) 1、[U]settling or being settled 解决;处理;决定;和解;
[C ]agreement ,etc that settles sth 解决某事物质协议
   Eg.    The strikers have reached a settlement with the employers.
                         2、[C]terms on which money or property is given to sb; money or property given in this way 金钱或财产的转让(契约);转让的金钱或财产
                         3、a. [U]process of settling in a colony殖民(过程)
b.[C]place where colonists have settled 殖民地
                         4、idm  in settlement of sth  as payment for sth对(债务等的)清偿
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impression (n.)1、~ on sb 印象;感想
                         2、~of sth\doing sth\that… 想法;感觉;看法
                         3、appearance or effect of sb\sth
                         4、~ of sb funny imitation of the behavior or way of talking of a well-known person (对名人言谈举止的)滑稽的模仿;
                         5、将一物压在另一物上留下的印记
                               The impression of a leaf in a fossil
                         6、(书的)重印,再次印刷
                                The fifth impression
                         7、be under the impression that …有某种(通常指错误的)想法…
Impressionism  (n.)[U]
Impressionist   (n. & adj.)
Impressionable 易受影响的;
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Constant (a.)   1、going on all the time ;Happening again and again
                        2、unchanging ;fixed 不变的;恒定的;稳定的;
                        3、firm; faithful 坚定的; 忠实的;
constant (n.)常数;常量;恒量;
Constantly (adv.) continuously; frequently
Constancy (n.) [U]坚定性;持久性
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Remind (v.) 1、提醒(某人)注意某事或做某事
2、~ sb of sb\sth  cause sb to remember or be newly aware of sb\sth
Reminder (n.) 1、 thing, which reminds sb of a fact or person
2、way of reminding sb to do sth
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previous 1、coming before in time or order
Eg.  The criminal had had four previous convictions.
2、done or acting too hastily; presumptuous 操之过急;自行其是
Eg.  Aren’t you rather previous in assuming I am going to pay?
Previously (adv.)
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Surrounding (adj.) that is around and nearby 周围附近的;
                     (n.) [pl]all the objects, conditions, etc that are around and may affect sb\sth; 周围的事物、条件等(可为有影响力的);
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Lack (v.) 1、缺乏;缺少;不足
                    Eg.  They lacked the money to send him to university.
               2、~ for sth  need sth
               3、idm  be lacing 不敷所需;
be lacking in sth 不足;不够
Have\ lack the courage of one’s convictions
        (n.) [U] absence or shortage (of sth that is needed)
                           a lack of care ,money ,water…
Lack-lustre   uninspiring ;lifeless 无光泽的;死气沉沉的

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