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高二选修6 Unit 1 Art 能力进阶训练
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry | 更新时间:2008-10-15 | 字体: |

能力进阶训练

Ⅰ. 将下列句子译成英文。
1. 西方世术风格已经变革过多次,而中国艺术的风格是不经常变化的.(The style of)  
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2. 欧洲绘画艺术受人们生活方式和信仰的影响,而中国不同,长期以来一直遵循着同一种生活方式。(unlike)                                                    ________________________________________________________________________
3. 我喜欢毕加索的绘画风格。(in the style of )       
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4. 莫扎特是一位摆脱古典传统的音乐家。(break away from) 
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5. 把注意力集中到你学习上。(focus on)    
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6. 要是我有足够的钱,我会买一部MP4。
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7. 要是我能够帮你的话,我肯定会帮你。
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8. 要是我住得离办公室近的话,我会步行上班。
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9. 我要是你,我会在花园里种许多的花。 
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10. 如果他们有兴趣味可以给我打电话。
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Ⅱ. 语言结构。
Last Sunday I   (21)   (see) the worst storm in years. It came suddenly in the mid-afternoon and lasted more than three hours. At first, the sky grew dark all of a sudden.
  (22)   (介词) minutes, forks of lightning forced   (23)   (冠词) way into the sky. Then it was followed by the boom-boom-boom of thunder. A very strong wind blew into my room. My valuable notes, lying on my desk in the room,   (24)   (fly) high into the air. I jumped up to catch them but   (25)   (luck) a few sheets sailed out of the open window. As I ran out of to get the notes, big drops of rain began to fall.
     (26)   (连词) I ran back into the house, the rain began to pour in waves. I fought to close the windows. I did it   (27)   (连词) was wet all over. I dried myself with a towel. Then I heard a sudden loud sound from the back of the house. I ran out of the room to find out  (28)   (引导词) it was. A tree was broken. Part of its big branch lay across the floor. The table was
  (29)   (短语动词) pieces.   (30)   (代词) would take a lot of work rebuild it. However, we were thankful that nobody was hurt.

Ⅲ. 阅读。
A
Eye Facts
    There are many commonly held beliefs about eyesight that are not proven facts. For example, some people believe that wearing glasses too soon weakens the eyes. But there is no evidence to show that the structure(结构)of eyes is changed by wearing glasses at young age. Wearing the wrong glasses, however, can prove harmful. Studies show that for adults there is no danger, but children can develop loss of sight if they have glasses unsuitable for their eyes.
    We have all heard some of the common myths about how eyesight gets bad. Most people believe that reading in weak light causes poor eyesight, but that is untrue. Too little light makes the eyes work harder, so they do get tired and strained. Eyestrain also results from reading a lot, reading in bed, and watching too much television. However, although eyestrain may cause some pain or headaches, it does not damage eyesight in the long term.
    Another myth about eyes is that they can be replaced, or transplanted from one person to another. There are close to one million nerve fibers(神经纤维)that connect the eyeball to the brain; as of yet, it is impossible to connect them all in a new person. Only certain parts of the eye can be replaced. But if we keep clearing up the myths and learning more about the eyes, someday a full transplant may be possible!
  1. This passage is mostly about __________.
 A. different types of eye problems B. myths about eyesight
 C. beliefs of eye doctors  D. eye transplants
  2. One cause of eyestrain mentioned in the passage is __________.
 A. wearing glasses too long B. suffering from pain or headaches
 C. reading in poor light  D. reading before going to bed
  3. From the passage we can conclude that __________.
 A. doctors are still learning things about eyesight
 B. wearing wrong glasses is less harmful to adults
 C. eye transplants have been performed successfully
 D. people should not wear glasses at young age

B
    We still don’t understand the influence of the mind’s power over the body, nor do we understand why there should be such power. All we can say for certain is that the mind does have power over the body in very many different ways.
 If a man is told that he is at the North Pole and he believes what he is told, he’ll show physical signs which suggest that his body is reacting as though he were at the North Pole. He’ll go pale and shiver. When the film Lawrence of Arabia was shown, cinema managers around the world reported that the sales of ice cream rocketed. The endless desert scenes had made the moviegoers feel uncomfortably hot.
 Hypnotists use the power of the mind over the body in order to use their influence. The hypnotist must only convince the patient that something is true, and the patient will act accordingly. If he convinces the patient that his arms are as heavy as lead, then the patient will be unable to lift his arms. If he convinces the patient that a piece of ice is a hot iron and he then touches the patient’s skin with the ice, a blister(水泡)will develop. The body will react to the suggestion and not to the reality, and signs of a real burn will appear.
  4. From the passage, we can imagine that people watching a film about the North Pole would probably want __________.
 A. an ice cream  B. a cold shower
 C. a hot drink  D. a hot iron
 5. A hypnotist is supposed to be able to control __________.
 A. patients’ bodies  B. people’s minds
 C. patients’ diseases  D. people’s movements
6. The phrase “the reality” refers to __________.
 A. a real burn  B. a hot iron
 C. the touch of ice  D. the body’s reaction
 7. A good title for this passage would be __________.
 A. Mind and Body  B. Physical Signs
 C. Research on Mind  D. The Power of the Mind

C
 Science is a major topic in our culture. Since it touches almost every field of our life, educated people need at least some knowledge with its structure and operation. They should also have an understanding of the scientific subculture in which scientists live and the kinds of people they are. An understanding of general characteristics of science as well as specific scientific ideas is easier to obtain if one knows something about the things that excite and discourage the scientist.
    This book is written for the person whose knowledge with science is not complete; for the person who has been presented with science as a musty(发霉的)storehouse of dried facts; for the person who sees the chief objective of science as the production of tricks; and for the person who views the scientists as some sort of magician. The book can be used to add to a course in any science, to come with any course that attempts to give an understanding of the modern world, or simply to provide a better understanding of science. We hope this book will lead readers to a broader view on scientific attitudes and a more realistic view of what science is, who scientists are, and what they do. It will give them an idea and understanding of the relationship between science and our culture and an appreciation of the roles science may play in our culture. Besides, readers may learn to appreciate the relationship between scientific views and some of the values and philosophies(哲学)that are deep in our culture.
 We have tried to present in this book a correct and up-to-date picture of the scientific world and the people who populate it. That population has in recent years come to include more and more women. This increasing role of women is not just the only event but, rather, part of the trend obvious in all parts of society, as more women enter traditionally male-controlled fields and make influential contributions.
 We have also tried to make the book entertaining as well as informative. Our method is usually informal. We feel, as do many other scientists, that we shouldn’t take ourselves too seriously. As the reader may observe, we see science as a delightful pastime rather than as a cruel and unpleasant way to earn a living.
  8. According to the passage, ‘scientific subculture’ means __________.
 A. scientific society  B. technical groups
 C. complex situation  D. knowledge system
  9. We need to know something about science because __________.
 A. scientists have specific scientific ideas
 B. science affects almost every field of our life
 C. it is easier to understand general characteristics of science
 D. it is not easy to understand the things that excite and discourage scientists
 10. The book mentioned in this passage is written for readers who __________.
 A. are scientists making influential contributions
 B. want to have a little understanding of science
 C. want to break the male-controlled world
 D. have a misunderstanding about science
翻译:
1. The style of Western art has changed many times, while Chinese art has changed  less often.
2. Art is influenced by the ways of life and beliefs of the people, and China unlike Europe, has followed a similar way of life for a very long time.
3. I like the painting in the style of Picasso.
4. Mozart is a musician who broke away from the classical tradition.
5. Focus your attention on your study.
6. If I had enough money, I’d buy an MP4.
7. If I could, I would certainly help you.
8. If I lived near from my office, I’d walk to work.
9. If I were you, I’d plant many flowers in your garden.
10. If they were interested, they could call me.

阅读: BCACB  CDABD

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