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北京四中高考英语综合复习Book 1 Unit 13-15
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry982 | 更新时间:2007-2-28 | 字体: |

7.dress
(1) vt. vi. (给---)穿衣服
dress sb. 给别人穿衣服(动作)
dress oneself 自己穿上衣服(动作)
get dressed 穿上衣服(动作)
be well/badly/smartly--- dressed 穿着漂亮/褴褛/帅气(状态)

dress up (in) 穿上---盛装打扮,以---装饰
After the bath, he dressed (himself). 洗完澡后,他穿上衣服。
She hurriedly dressed her son and drove him to the nearest hospital.
她匆忙地给儿子穿上衣服,开车送她到最近的医院。
The boy got dressed quickly and telephoned for help. 那男孩赶快穿上衣服打电话求援。
He is smartly dressed when I saw him. 我在宴会上见到他时,他衣着帅气。

(2) dress 表示穿衣服的动作,过去分词dressed 作be的表语表状态,但get dressed 表动作,相当于dress (oneself)。
She likes to be dressed in red. 她喜欢穿红色衣服。

(3)dress, put on, wear, have on
dress 表动作,跟人作宾语。
put on表动作,宾语是衣服、鞋帽袜、手套、眼镜等。
wear表状态,宾语范围很广,可以是衣服类名词,还可指佩带首饰、手表、徽章以及留发型、胡须等。
    have on是静态,多用于口语。

Put on more clothes or you’ll get cold. 多穿点衣服,否则你会冷的。
Miss Li is wearing a yellow dress today. 李老师今天穿一件黄色的连衣裙。
She always had a red coat on. 她总是穿一件红色的外套。

考题链接:
We are supposed ____ our daughter’s wedding.
A. to dress in B. dressed up C. to dress up for D. be well dressed at
答案 C

分析 be supposed to意思是“理应,应该”。dress up for 表示“为---而盛装打扮”。

高考链接:
Could you please tell me where you bought the shoes you _____ yesterday?(2005NMET辽宁)
A. tried on B. put on C. had on D. pulled on
答案 C

分析 try on 试穿;pull on 匆匆忙忙穿上;put on 强调动作;have on 强调状态。

8.celebrate
(1) v. 庆祝,赞扬,过节
Many people in that city are getting to the square to celebrate the New Year’s day.
为了庆祝新年,许多市民正在向广场集中。
How do you celebrate your son’s birthday normally?通常你们是怎样为儿子过生日的?
I think you needn’t spend too much to celebrate a two-year-old child’s birthday like that.我想为一个两岁的孩子过生日没必要如此破费。
The heroes of combating the flood are worthy to be celebrated greatly.
抗洪英雄们值得大加称颂。

(2) celebration n. 庆祝
The students and teachers will get together for the celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of their school.全体师生将集合起来庆祝50周年校庆。
All places across China held a celebration for their success of application for hosting the 2008 Olympic Games.为庆祝北京申办2008年奥运会成功,中国各地都举办了庆祝活动。
We invited most of our friends and relatives for a party in celebration of my son’s enrollment by Beijing University last weekend.
上周末我们邀请大多数亲朋好友,参加了为庆祝儿子被北京大学录取举行的宴会。

(3)celebrated adj. 著名的
That is a city celebrated as a hot spring resort. 那是一个以温泉胜地著称的城市。
Wu Song is celebrated for his killing a tiger by himself. 武松以孤身打虎而闻名。
Hangzhou is celebrated for its beautiful West Lake and its sceneries.
杭州以其美丽的西湖及城市美景而著称。
Mr. Er Yuehe is a celebrated novelist on Qing Dynasty.
二月河先生是一位清史演义题材的著名小说家。

9.allow
(1) vt. 许可,允许
allow + n./pron.
allow doing sth.
allow sb. to do sth.
be allowed to do sth.
Our teacher don’t allow making noise./ Our teacher don’t allow us to make noise.
老师不允许我们弄出声音。
No student is allowed to leave his homework undone. 哪一个学生也不允许不做作业。
We don’t allow smoking in the theater. 剧院不许吸烟。
We must allow him to be a member of the team. 我们必须让他成为队中的一员。
Passengers are not allowed to spit. 乘客不得随地吐痰。
How many holidays are you allowed? 你有几天假?

(2)permit 比allow正式,含有“主动许可”或“正式批准”之意。经常可通用。
The guard permitted him to pass after he showed his card.看了通行证之后,卫兵才让他进。

考题链接:
My father doesn’t allow _____ computer games; he even doesn’t allow me _____ TV before I finish my homework.
A. playing; to watch B. playing; watching
C. to play; to watchD. to play; watching
答案 A

分析 allow doing sth. allow sb. to do sth.

10.used to, be used to sth./doing, be used to do
(1) used to do 表示过去经常性的行为,而现在不再进行。
I used to be a worker, working in a factory. 我过去是个工人,在一家工厂上班。
We used to play in the wheat fields on winter evenings, when we were children.
当我们还是小孩时,常常在冬天的晚上到麦田里去玩。
There used to be a railway station in that area. 那一片原来是火车站。
Did the river use to be clear and clean? 那条河过去是干净清澈的吗?

(2) be used to (doing) sth. 习惯于
Be patient, and you will be used to the life here. 耐心一点,你会习惯这里的生活。
Step by step, we are used to the way of brushing our teeth both in the morning and evening.
我们逐渐习惯于早晚刷牙了。
Gradually, they are used to getting up early. 他们逐步习惯于早起了。
After staying there for weeks, they, the foreigners, were used to fetching water from a well.在那儿呆了几个星期,那些外国人习惯于从井里打水了。

(3)be used to do/for doing 被用来做---
That tool is used to dig holes. 那工具是挖洞用的。
Plastics can be used to make all kinds of things. 塑料能用来制造各种各样的东西。

考题链接:
I remember the time _____ a small village.
A. which used to be B. when it would be
C. when it used to be  D. when at that time it was
答案 C

分析 when 引导的是定语从句,修饰time, 意思为“我记得这里是一个小村子的时候”。

11.take in
(1) 欺骗,轻信
One wise person should never be taken in by only a few of his sweet words.
作为一个精明人,不应该被他仅有的几句甜言蜜语所欺骗。
You will seldom be taken in if you know their behavior well in advance.
假如对他们的行为了如指掌,你就不会上当受骗。
From the facts you can see that children are easily taken in.
从这些事实可以看出,儿童是很容易被说服的。
The lady took in the boy’s words and gave him ten dollars to buy the return ticket.
那位女士轻信了孩子的话,给了他十美元让他买回程车票。

(2)接受,容纳
When did this hotel schedule to take in guests? 这家旅馆什么时候开始接待客人?
Do you take in travelers for only the night? 你们只接待夜间住宿的客人吗?
This harbor is able to take in large cargo-vessels of 10,000 ton’s capacity.
这个港口也能容纳万吨级货轮作业了。

(3)承揽(多指在家里或店里等活儿的行为)
We may make big money if we can take in as many clothes to be washed as the equipment can deal with.如果能够接到足够机器洗涤的衣服,我们也能赚大钱。
It’s far from enough for only taking in processing work sometimes.
有时候,仅仅等着接加工活是远远不够的。

(4) 订购,订阅
Which magazine do you want to take in this year?今年你想订阅什么杂志呢?
Can we take in China Daily by half a year? 我们能订半年的中国日报吗?

(5) 理解,领会
To read an article is one thing, and to take in fully is another.
阅读文章是一回事,充分理解又是另一回事。
They all came to my lecture yesterday, but I don’t know how much they took in.
昨天他们都来听课了,但理解了多少我就不知道了。

12. believe in, believe
(1) believe in 意思是“信任,信仰,主张”,相当于trust;而believe意思是“相信”。前者是指对人格的信赖,后者仅指相信某人所说的话;前者说明人的本质可靠,后者只表示相信某人某一次所说的话,不实质相信,某人一般的言行。
You can believe in him, he will never let you down.
你可以信任他,他永远不会使你失望。
Until now, I have always believed firmly in his honesty.
直到目前,我一直都坚信他是诚实的。
A hundred years ago, few people believed in the possibility of flying.
一百年前,很少人相信飞行是可能的。
I don’t believe in going to extremes. 我不赞成走极端。
I just couldn’t believe my ears. 我简直不敢相信自己的耳朵。
Do you believe what he said? 你相信他说的话吗?

(2) believe in后接名词、代词或动名词短语,尤其作“主张”讲。
I believe in keeping early hours. 我主张早睡早起。
I’ve always believed in being broad-minded.我一向主张心胸要开阔。
He believed in rotating the crops to save the strength of the soil.
他主张轮种以保持地力。
Mr. Smith is very direct. He believes in speaking his mind.
史密斯先生十分直率,喜欢有什么说什么。

(3) believe 可接不定式作宾补,也可变成被动语态。
I believed it to have been a mistake. 我相信这是一次误会。
He was believed to have done it. 大家认为那件事是他做的。
They are believed to have discussed this problem. 据说这个问题他们已经讨论过了。
We believe him to be honest. 我们认为他是诚实的。

13.scene c.n. 一场,一个镜头;现场;景色
He added a new scene at the beginning. 在开头他又加了一场戏。
We missed the first few scenes of the film. 我们错过了电影开始的几个镜头。
The people crowded round the scene of the accident. 人们聚集在出事地点周围。
We climbed higher so that we might see the scenes better.
我们爬得更高以便更好地欣赏景色。

arrive on the scene   露面,到场
behind the scene  在后台,在幕后
set the scene 为某事做准备
scene  指都市景观或室内陈设,还可指舞台场面或部分布景,是可数名词。
scenery 指山河湖海等自然景观,是不可数名词。
They stopped to admire the mountain scenery. 他们停下来欣赏风景。

考题链接:
Once a famous director sent his camera crew to a coast with beautiful _____ to film a ____ of sunset.
A. scenery, scene B. scenes, scenery C. scene, scenery D. sceneries, scene
答案A

分析 scene是可数名词,scenery是不可数名词。全句意思是“曾经有一位著名导演派他的摄影组去风景美丽的海岸拍摄一组日落的镜头”。

14.missing, gone, lost adj.
(4)missing多用做表语,也可用作定语或补足语,具体可以解释为“缺失,下落不明,没有了”等。
Do you know why one leg of the table is missing? 你知道桌子少一条腿的原因吗?
He looked quite untidy; besides, one of the buttons on his coat was missing.
他看起来相当狼狈,而且外套上有个扣子也不见了。
He bought a book and found a few pages missing when he got home.
他买了本书,回到家发现缺了几页。
It’s reported that the pilot is missing after his landing. 据报道,飞行员在着陆后失踪了。

(5) lost 可作定语或表语,表示“失踪,丢失,浪费掉”等意思,更强调“不知道下落的意思”。
The whole family searched the neighborhood for the lost dog.
全家都在住处附近寻找丢失了的小狗。
In the Bermuda Triangle, it’s almost as if the lost planes had gone into a hole in the sky.在百慕大地区,失踪的飞机就象进入了天空中的一个洞里。
A lost chance is lost forever. 机不可失,失不再来。
Once you get lost in playing computer games you can hardly concentrate on your study.
一旦沉迷于玩电子游戏,就很难集中精力学习了。

(6)gone 的意思相当于missing,但只能作表语和补足语,不能作前置定语。
The days when the Chinese were looked down upon are gone forever.
中国人被看不起的日子一去不复返了。
The lady found her necklace gone after the party. 晚会后那位女士发现她的项链不见了。
He hurried back home and found all the visitors gone. 他匆忙赶回家,发现客人们都走了。

考题链接:
She returned home from the market only to find the door open and a number of things ____.
A. stole B. missing C. missed D. losing
答案 B

分析 表示“丢失了,不见了”,A选项应为stolen,过去分词作宾补;D选项应为lost.

15.现在完成进行时
(1)现在完成进行时通常表示从过去开始,一直持续到现在的动作,这个动作可能刚刚结束。现在完成进行时通常和延续性动词连用,并常常附有表示一段时间的状语成分。
I must do something else for a change; I have been reading all the morning.
我必须干点别的事,一上午我都在读书。
You look very tired. What have you been doing these days?
你看起来非常疲惫,这些天你都在干什么?
Where were you? We have been looking for you everywhere.
你去哪儿了?我们一直在到处找你。

(2)现在完成进行时也常表示某个动作可能延续下去。
We have been having fine weather for the past few days. 过去几天的天气一直很好。
She has been living there since 1989. 她自1989年来一直住在那里。
The Chinese have been making paper for two thousand years.
中国人造纸已经有两千多年的历史了。

(3) 现在完成进行时和现在完成时的区别:都可表示一个动作从过去开始,延续到说话的时刻,并且可以延续下去。但是,现在完成进行时强调动作的持续性、暂时性和未完成性,而现在完成时的重点在动作的结果上。
I have written six letters since breakfast. 早饭以来我写了六封信。(动作已结束)
I have been writing letters since breakfast.
早饭以来我一直在写信。(动作还未结束,并且有可能继续)
They have widened the road. 他们加宽了马路。(工作已结束)
They have been widening the road.他们一直在加宽马路。(工作尚未结束)
I have been reading the novel since morning but I have covered only a few pages of it.
从早上到现在我一直在读小说,但是到现在为止,我看的没有多少页。

高考链接:
The coffee is wonderful! It doesn’t taste like anything I _____ before. (NMET2005 全国卷)
A. was having B. have C. have ever had D. had ever had
答案 C

分析 解题要点在于两个词before和ever上,与现在完成时连用。

16.cost
(1) n.  既可以可数也可以不可数,可数名词意思为“经费,费用,成本”等,不可数名词意思是“代价,牺牲”。
What we should do next is try to cut the costs of management.
下一步我们的目标是尽力降低经营费用。
In order to quote properly, you need to know its cost and the target profit well in advance.为了能报出合适的价格,你预先就得对成本和预期利润心中有数。
We’ll accuse the corrupt official, no matter what cost is involved.
无论花多大代价,我们也要控告那个贪官。
Lijian rescued a sunk boy at the cost of his own life.
李健为抢救一名落水儿童献出了自己的生命。

(2) vt.  cost sb. sth. 表示“花费某人(时间,精力,金钱。努力)等”,其主语是物品、行为或服务。
This motor cost me 2,300 yuan.这辆摩托车花了我2300元。
It cost him $180 to buy that pair of leather shoes.买那双皮鞋花去了他180美元。
Operation against rules and regulations may cost one’s life sometimes.
违章操作有时会让人付出生命的代价。
To write a good novel costs much time and effort.写一部好小说要耗费大量时间和经历。

(3)想换成人,谓语cost要换成spend或pay.
We spent 50,000 dollars on that house last year.去年我们花5万美元买了那套房子。
No one will be willing to pay 1,000 yuan for such a handbag.
没人会愿意花1000元买这么一个手提包。

17.marry
(1) vt. vi.
I’ll marry on December 1st, 2005.我将于2005年12月1日结婚。
He married his classmate 21 years ago.21年前他和他的同学结婚了。
Mary married John and they are living a very happy life.玛丽和约翰结了婚,他们生活得很幸福。
The landlord married his daughter to a businessman.那位庄园主把他女儿嫁给了一个商人。

(2) married作表语,意思是“结了婚的”,表示“和---结婚”,后面跟介词to而不是with。
Are you married?你结婚了吗?
When did Maria get married?玛利亚什么时候结婚的?
They have been married for 40 years.
= It has been 40 years since they got married.
= They got married 40 years ago.
他们结婚已经40年了。

(3) married adj. 可以修饰名词。
They are all married people at present.他们如今都已结婚了。
What about your married life?你们婚后的生活如何?
Married love should be built on the basis of sacrifice and tolerance for each other.
夫妻情谊应该建立在相互奉献和相互宽容的基础上。
They are a married couple for 20 years by the year 2005.他们到2005年已经结婚20年了。
The young man is a married person now.那个年轻人现在是有妇之夫了。

(4)终止性动词,不能和延续性的时间状语连用。如果要表示结婚多长时间,要用be married。
---How long have you been married?
---I have been married for 5 years.

考题链接:
She ______ for 15 years, yet she didn’t know what kind of man she ____.
A. had married, married  B. had got married, married to
C. had been married, had married D. married, had married to
答案 C

分析 与延续性的时间状语连用,用be married;嫁给某人可以说marry sb.

18.worth, worthy adj. n.
(1) worth u.n. 价值
Could you give me a dollar’s worth of paper?你能给我一美元的纸吗?
There are quite a few several city’s worth of relics in this museum.
这个博物馆中收藏着许多价值连城的文物。

(2) worth adj. be worth + n./doing 价值---(后跟动名词主动形式表被动含义)
The car is worth $18,000.这辆车价值18000美元。
His suggestion is worth nothing.他的建议没有任何价值。
The film is worth seeing twice.这部电影值得再看一遍。
That reference book is worth reading.那本参考书值得一读。
The man is worth 3 millions.那人拥有3百万元的家产。

(3) worthy n. 大人物,名流
Don’t look down upon him. He is now a worthy within this area.
别小看他,现在他是这一带的名流。
Being a worthy, you should do something good for the villagers.
作为一个大人物,你应该为乡亲们办点好事。
He is the worthy in that football team.他是那个足球队中最有价值的球员。

(4) worthy adj. 值得的 be worthy to be done/ be worthy of being done
He is worthy of severe punishment.他应该受到严厉的惩罚。
His action is worthy to be commended.他的行动值得赞扬。
This suggestion is worthy of being introduced.这一建议值得推荐。
This novel is worth reading a second time.
= This novel is worthy to be read a second time.
= This novel is worthy of being read a second time.
这部小说值得再读一遍。

19.come up with
(1)提出,想出
She came up with a new suggestion to solve the problem.
她提出了一种解决问题的建议。
We have to come up with the practical measure to prevent the air pollution.
我们必须找到防止空气污染的切实可行的办法。
It’s wonderful for you to come up with such a good idea.
你能想出这么一个主意真是太棒了。
She couldn’t come up with an answer when I asked her why she was late.
当我问她为什么迟到,她答不上来。
She came up with a new idea for increasing sales.她想到了一个提高销量的好办法。

(2)赶上,追上
He’s come up with his classmates ahead of him, after months of patient diligence.
经过几个月不懈的努力,他赶上了前面的同学。
The police handcuffed the robber, when he had come up with him.
那个警察追上劫匪,给他带上了手铐。

(3)come up, come up to, come upon
You position has come up.你的职位提高了。
Almost all the seeds have come up after a few days of sowing.几乎所有的种子播下几天之后都发芽了。
He came up to Beijing days ago, and he will work there for months as a visiting professor for half a month in Beijing University.
他于几天前来北京,将在北京大学做半个月的客座教授。
I know why you came up to me so quickly.我知道你来这儿如此快的原因。
I came upon a country-fellow in the street the day before last.
前天我在街上遇见了一位老乡。

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