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北京四中高考英语综合复习Book 2 Unit 10-12
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry982 | 更新时间:2007-2-28 | 字体: |

16.as用法小结
(1)conj.
引导时间状语从句,表示主从句的动作同时发生。
As he looked at her she made a face.
他看她时,她做了个鬼脸。

He sang as he walked.
他边走边唱。

引导原因状语从句,表示比较明显的原因,常放在主句前。
As he didn’t know much English, he got out his dictionary and looked up the word.
由于他不懂多少英语,他拿出词典查了这个词。

表示“如(不如)---一样”,引导方式状语从句。
He does not speak as the other people do.
他不象其他人那样肯说话。

He is not so diligent as you.
他不如你勤奋。

引导倒装的让步状语从句,表示“虽然、尽管”,将表语或状语提到句首,如果表语是名词,放到句首时不能加冠词。
Young as he is, he knows a lot.
尽管年轻,他懂得很多。

Old man as he is, he still works hard.
尽管他是个老人,他仍然工作很努力。

(2)pron.
用作关系代词,引导限定性定语从句,先行词前常有such, the same修饰。
We’ll make such computers as are needed in different branches of science.
我们将制造出各科学部门所需要的那种计算机。

I’m reading the same book as you.
我读的书与你相同。

引导非限定性定语从句,先行词通常是整个主句,从句可以位于句首。
The two cities are far away from each other, as you can see in the map.
正如你在地图上看见的那样,这两座城市相距甚远。

As everyone knows, all that glitters is not gold.
大家都知道,发光的不都是金子。

(3)as if/ as though
引起方式状语从句或表语从句,若表示与事实相反或实现可能性很小,从句谓语动词用虚拟语气。
Tom is talking about China as if he had been there.
汤姆在谈论中国,就好象他去过一样。

It looks as if it’s going to rain.
天看起来要下雨。

This meat tastes as if it has already gone bad.
这块肉尝起来好象已经坏了。

He glanced about as if in search of something.
他四处打量好象在搜寻什么。

He waved his hand to me as if to have something to tell me.
他向我挥了挥手,好象有事情要告诉我。

17.部分名词后接不定式或介词+动名词
(1)chance, way, opportunity, time等名词后既可用不定式,又可用介词+动名词作定语。
I’d like to have a chance to see/ of seeing your teacher.
我想找一个机会见一见你的老师。

I’m glad to have the opportunity to talk/ of talking to you.
很高兴有机会跟你谈话。

(2)ability, resolution , tendency等名词后常用不定式做定语。
Does he have the ability to do the work?
他有能力做这个工作吗?

He has made a resolution to go abroad.
他决定出国。

She has a tendency to become fat.
她有发胖的趋势。

(3)被修饰的普通名词前有序数词修饰时,名词的后置定语用不定式。
She is the first one to understand that.
她是第一个理解的人。

He is always the first to come and the last to leave.
他总是第一个来,最后一个离开。

(4)habit, idea, intention, method, objection等名词后,通常只跟介词+动名词作定语。
I have the habit of taking a nap after lunch.
我有午饭后睡觉的习惯。

She dismissed the idea of becoming an artist.
她打消了当艺术家的念头。

He had no intention of keeping his word.
他不想遵守诺言。

We like his methods of teaching English.
我们喜欢他教英语的方法。

He had an objection to doing it.
他反对做那件事。

18.cause
(1)v. 引起,导致,使发生
He often causes trouble to people.
他常给人们惹麻烦。

His illness caused him to miss the game.
他因病不能参加比赛。

(2)n. 原因,起因
Carelessness is often the cause of fires.
粗心常常是火灾的起因。

(3)n. 原则或事业
She fought for the cause all her life.
她一生都在为事业奋斗。

(4)
cause  指引起某种后果的起因
reason  指决定做某件事或采取某一行动的理由或原因
excuse “辩解、借口”,指做出的解释,往往是托词。

The cause of the accident was the fact that he was driving too fast.
事故的原因是他车开得太快。

The reason for my absence was that I was ill.
我没来是因为我病了。

Too much work is no excuse for not studying.
工作太忙不能成为不学习的理由。

19.view
(1)n. 视力,视野
My view of the harbor was blocked by the new building.
新大楼挡住了我的视线,我看不见港口。

The valley was hidden from view in the mist.
山谷笼罩在雾中,看不见。

(2)n. 风景,景色
There’s no view from my bedroom window except for some factory chimneys.
从我的卧室往窗外看,除了几个工厂的烟囱外,什么景色都没有。

(3)n. 看,观察,眺望
If you stand here, you’ll get a better view of the procession.
如果你站在这里,你可以比较清楚地看到行进的队伍。

(4)n. 意见,观点,见解
In my view, he is a fool.
我认为他是个傻瓜。

What are your views on free education?
你对义务教育有什么看法?

(5)
view是scenery的一部分,是从某个地方能看到的景色。
scenery 泛指风景,景色。
scene  指场景,大多包括人和动作在内。

The scenery of the West Lakes is beautiful.
西湖的景色很漂亮。

There’s a fine view of the mountains from our hotel window.
从旅馆的窗子往外看,我们能看到美丽的山景。

It’s a happy scene of children playing in the garden.
孩子们在花园里玩是多么快乐的场面。

同步练习:
一、 单词拼写
1.This is a village of simple _____(泥土) and grass houses built on the beach.
2.The characteristic of the information age is not that manufacturing industries are _____(稳定地) increasing.
3.That less paper will be used for making paper cards contributes to the environment ____(保护).
4.They’ll be here soon, _____(同时) let’s have coffee.
5.Though it sounds _____(难以置信的), a rain of fish did actually occur in 1817, at Appin, Scotland.

6.The Great Wall of China is a world famous scenic _____(地点).
7.His bright clothes were hardly _____(合适的) for such a solemn occasion.
8.With whip and spur he _____(催促,迫使) his horse onward.
9.No enemy surrounded by the PLA men could _____(逃脱 ) the valley.
10.Needless to say, this “shower of blood” was not taken lightly by the _____(害怕的) inhabitants.

11.My brother is fond of biology and he is looking forward to studying ______(生物工程学) after graduation.
12.Three years after he got a ______(硕士) degree, he got a doctor’s degree in engineering.
13.According to the _____(宪法) of China, all Chinese citizens who have reached the age of 18 have the right to vote.
14.The social and economic _____(发展) of China has become the focus of world attention.
15.Without ____(犹豫), the PLA man jumped into the river to rescue the drowning child.

二、 单项选择
1._____ nonsense the newspapers print, some people always believe it.
A. Whichever B. Whatever C. However D. No matter how

2.What do you think is the most _____ time to find him at home?
A. likely B. probably C. possibly D. correctly

3.The Tourist Bureau have _____ everything for our journey to Rome.
A. fixed B. arranged C. prepared for D. taken

4.Direct taxation is usually based ____ income.
A. on B. / C. by D. with

5.All his efforts ended in ______ failure.
A. / B. the C. his D. a

6.You may ______ on it that he will be early.
A. call B. rely C. settle D. base

7.Mr Green has _____ poems to the “London Magazine” for several years.
A. delivered B. written C. contributed D. sent

8.It ______ that Mr. Green and Miss White will be married in May.
A. has announced  B. has been announced
C. has made known D. has been come true

9.A new and practical theory was put _____ at the meeting.
A. forward B. up C. through D. on

10.He drew the curtain aside and opened the window to get a better _____ of the surroundings outside.
A. plan B. see C. view D. shade

11.They _____ some victories despite these difficulties.
A. accomplished B. finished C. came to D. achieved

12.His earlier work ______ his remarkable talent.
A. declared B. announced C. played D. appeared

13.Not until I began to work _____ how much time I had wasted.
A. didn’t realize B. did I realize C. I didn’t realize D. I realized

14._____ you have mentioned it, I’ll remember to look after your dog when you go traveling.
A. Before B. If C. Now thatD. Until

15._____ your letter, I would have written back two days ago.
A. If I am receiving  B. If I must have received
C. Should I receive   D. Had I received

三、 短文改错
It is a pleasure for me to write this letter to tell how much 1._______
I enjoyed my stay in your whole family last week. 2.________
That was my first visit to a English family. At first, I was worried about my
3._________
poor English. And when I saw your wife and children waiting for me 4.________
with warm smile of welcome on their faces, I immediately knew  5._________
that everything would be all right. There are many more happy  6.__________
memories of the week that I will keep with me forever. I particularly  7.__________
enjoyed driving through the countryside with you and saw the changing  8.___________
colors of the leaves on the trees. I also like the9.__________
fishing trip. It was such much fun.10.__________

答案与分析
一、
1.mud  2.steadily  3.protection  4.Meanwhile  5.unbelievable
6.spot 7.appropriate8.urged 9.flee10.frightened
11.bioengineering 12.master’s 13.Constitution 14.evolution 15.hesitation

二、
1.B whatever=no matter what,这里引导一个让步状语从句。
2.A 这里需要一个形容词,BCD都是副词。
3.B arrange---for--- 为---安排
4.A be based on 以---为基础
5.A failure是抽象名词,前面不加冠词。

6.B rely on 相信,指望
7.C contribute to 向---投稿
8.B it是形式主语,与announce是被动关系。
9.A put forward 提出
10.Cget a better view of 更好的看见

11.Dachieve victories 取得胜利
12.Bannounce 宣告,显示,该句意思是“他较早期的作品显示了他出众的才华”。
13.B该句为not until句型的倒装,将not until这一部分置于句首,主句部分倒装。
14.Cnow that 引导从句,意思是“既然、由于”,相当于since。
15.D虚拟语气中条件句省略if用倒装,不倒装则是If I had received。

三、
1.tell后面加you
2.in----with 这里表示同你的家人在一起
3.a----an
4.And----But 这里是转折关系
5.smile----smiles smile是可数名词

6.去掉more
7.正确
8.saw----seeing seeing作enjoy的宾语
9.like---liked
10.such----so 名词前有much修饰用so

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