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北京四中高考英语综合复习Book 2 Unit 17-20
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry982 | 更新时间:2007-2-28 | 字体: |

5.accompany v.
陪伴,伴随或跟随某人:
accompany sb. to + 地点 “陪某人去…”
⑴I must ask you to accompany me to the police station.
我得要求你陪我去一趟警察局。

⑵He accompanied us to the airport.
他陪我们去了机场。

*company n. 陪伴;公司
短语搭配:
in company 当着别人的面
for company   做伴,一起
keep sb. company  陪伴某人,给某人做伴
in company with sb.和某人一起

⑴It’s bad manners to whisper in company.
当着别人的面窃窃私语是不礼貌的。

⑵I hate going out alone; I take my daughter for company.
我不愿独自一人出门,带女儿做个伴。

⑶I’ll stay here and keep you company.
我会留下来陪你。

⑷I, in company with many others, feel this decision was wrong.
我,还有很多人,都觉得这个决定是错误的。

6.fortune n. 运气,机会;大笔的钱
常见搭配:
seek one’s fortune  寻找致富及成功之道
a small fortune  许多钱

⑴He is going to Canada to seek his fortune next month.
他下个月将去加拿大寻找致富及成功之道。

⑵The car cost me a small fortune.
这辆车花了我很多钱。

*fortunate adj. 幸运的,带来好运的
fortunately adv. 幸运地,幸亏
⑴ She is fortunate enough to enjoy good health.
她身体好,真有福气。

⑵I made a fortunate choice and won.
我幸亏选择得对,结果赢了。

⑶I was late, but fortunately the meeting hadn’t started.
我迟到了,但幸运的是会议还没开始。

7.
go down on one’s knees 跪下
bring sb. to his knees 迫使某人屈服

⑴The country was almost brought to its knees by the long strike.
因长期罢工,国家已濒临崩溃的边缘。

⑵He went down on his knees and begged her for forgiveness.
他跪下乞求她原谅。

* go down (船只的)下沉,(价格、温度等)下降,(食物和饮料)咽下
⑴Hundreds died when the liner went down.
班轮沉没时,有数百人死亡。

⑵Three ships went down in the storm.
暴风雨中有三艘轮船沉没。

⑶We sat and watched the sun go down.
我们坐着观看日落。

⑷Petrol is going down in price.
汽油价格正在下降。

⑸The pill just won’t go down.
这个药丸我简直咽不下去。

高考链接:
The price __________, but I doubt whether it will remain so. (NMET 1999)
A. went down B. will go down C. has gone down D. was going down

分析:
Go down 意为“下降”。从“I doubt whether it will remain so.”一句,可知价格已经下降了,所以应用现在完成时。
答案:C

8.
in the eyes of sb.或in sb.’s eyes  在某人的心目中,在某人看来
an eye for an eye以眼还眼,报复
have an eye for sth. 对某事物有判断力或鉴赏力
keep an eye on sb./sth.  照料某人或某事物
never/not (be able to) take one’s eyes off sb./sth.  目不转睛地看着某人(某物)
shut/close one’s eyes to sth.  对某事视而不见

⑴In your father’s eyes, you are still a child.
在你父亲的眼里你仍然是个孩子。

⑵The death penalty for murder works on the principle of an eye for an eye.
犯谋杀罪处以死刑,其原则是一命抵一命。

⑶He has an eye for a bargain.
他识便宜货。

⑷The government shuts its eyes to poverty.
政府对贫穷问题置若罔闻。

⑸Could you keep an eye on my suitcase for a moment?
你能给我照看一会儿手提箱吗?

⑹He couldn’t take his eyes off the beautiful newcomer.
他目不转睛地盯着那个新来的美人。

9.as far as
远至,一直到:
⑴We can see as far as the tower.
我们可以一直看到塔那边。

⑵They walked as far as the foot of the mountain.
他们一直走到了那座山的山脚下。

据…,就…:
⑴His parents supported him as far as they could.
他的父母竭尽全力抚养他。

⑵As far as I can see, that is highly unlikely.
就我所知,那是极不可能的。

⑶As far as I know, she often tells lies.
就我所知,她常撒谎。

其他as…as…短语搭配:
as long as  长达,只要
as soon as possible   尽早地
as busy as a bee  忙得像蜜蜂
as brave as a lion 像狮子一样勇敢
as black as coal  像煤一样黑
as easy as ABC 像ABC一样简单
as many/much as… 多达

高考题链接:
The more I think about him, the more reasons I find for loving him ______ I did. (2005湖北高考)
A. as much as B. as long as C. as soon as D. as far as

分析:
句意为:我爱他如过去爱他那么多。
答案:A
 
10.make 跟复合宾语的几种情况
 make + 宾语 + 宾补(名词,形容词,省to的不定式,过去分词)
They made London the base for their revolutionary work.
他们把伦敦作为他们的革命根据地。

The news made her sad.
这个消息使她悲伤。

They made me repeat it.
= I was made to repeat it.
他们让我再说一遍。

Speak louder in order to make yourself heard.
大点声让别人听到你说话。

make的常用短语
be made of 由---制成(看不出原材料)
be made from  由---制成(看出原材料)
be made into  制成---
be made in 产自---
be made up of 由---组成
make up编造,弥补,组成
make the bed  铺床
make laws  制定法律
make a noise   喧闹
make progress  取得进步
make war   发动战争
make peace  讲和
make a mistake  出错
make tea 泡茶
make plans  制定计划
make a fire  生火
make enemies 树敌
make a fortune  发财
make a price 定价
make a promise  许诺
make it  约定,实现目标
make oneself at home 别客气

高考链接:
---When shall we start?
---Let’s ___ it 8:30.Is that all right? (NMET2002北京)
A. set B. meet C. makeD. take

答案 C
分析 make it 8:30 约定时间为8:30

11.assist vt. vi.
(1) 帮助,援助
assist sb. with sth.
assist sb. in doing sth.

He is required to assist the manager in preparing a report.
有人要求他帮助经理准备一份报告。

The monitor assisted the teacher with many of his duties.
班长协助老师做很多工作。

(2) 参加,出席
The President will assist at the ceremony next week.
下周总统将参加典礼。

(3)
assistance n. 帮助,协助
assistant n. 助手,助理

I can’t move the heavy box without your assistance.
没有你的帮助我搬不动这个重箱子。

(4)
assist  强调提供帮助者只起辅助作用,主导者仍是被帮助者。
aid 含有较强者帮助较弱者摆脱困境的意思。
help   最常用,强调帮助所产生的积极效果。

Can I assist you with those parcels?
我来帮你拿那些包裹好吗?

He will go to aid quake victims.
他要去救助地震受害者。

Trade can help the development of industry.
贸易可以促进工业的发展。

He assisted his neighbor in repairing the fence.
他帮助邻居修篱笆。

He had previously aided her with money and legal advice.
以前他给过她金钱和合法建议的帮助。

She often helps her sister with her English.
她经常帮她妹妹学英语。

12.limit
a) n. 限度,界限
He tried my patience to its limit.
他把我逼得忍无可忍了。

No fishing is allowed within a twenty-mile limit.
二十英里范围内不许钓鱼。

b) n. 最大限度,限量
The speed limit on this road is 70 mph.
这条路的车速限制是每小时70英里。

There’s a limit to how much I am prepared to spend.
我准备花多少钱是有限度的。

c)
within limits 适度地,有限度地
without limit 无限度地

I’m willing to help, within limits.
我愿意适当给予帮助。

d) v. 限定,限制
We must try and limit our expenditure.
我们必须设法限制我们的开支。

I shall limit myself to three aspects of the subject.
我仅探讨这一问题的三个方面。

Japan limits the import of oranges.
日本限制橙子的进口。

(5) adj.
limited 有限的,少的
limitless 无限制的,无止境的

Only a limited number of places is available.
只有少数地方可供使用。

His intelligence is rather limited.
他的智力相当有限。

limited edition 限量版

13.adjust
a) vt. 调整,调节,整理,安排
You can adjust the desk to the height of any child.
这桌子可以配合孩子的高度任意调整。

The boy adjusted his cap.
那男孩整了整他的帽子。

She carefully adjusted her clothes and her hair before going out.
她出门之前仔细整了整衣服和头发。

The brakes need adjusting.
制动器需要调节了。

b) vt. vi. 适应,顺应
Former soldiers have difficulty in adjusting to civilian life.
退伍军人很难适应平民生活。

The body quickly adjusts itself to changes in temperature.
身体迅速调节以适应气温的变化。

(3) adjustment c.u. 调节,调整
He made adjustments to the machine.
他对这部机器加以调整。

I made a few minor adjustments to the sitting plan.
我对座次表作了小小的调整。

Some adjustments of the lens may be necessary.
可能有必要调节一下镜头。

14.develop vt. vi.
a)成长,发育,发展,开发
The argument developed into a bitter quarrel.
辩论逐渐变成了激烈的争吵。

The child is developing well.
这孩子发育良好。

The plot for the novel gradually developed in my mind.
我逐步构想出小说的情节。

We’ve developed the project from an original idea by him.
我们根据他的设想制定了这个计划。

The place has developed from a fishing port into a thriving tourist center.
这地方由原来的渔港发展成一个繁荣的旅游胜地。

b)出现,明显化,显影
Symptoms of malaria developed.
疟疾的症状出现了。

The car has developed signs of rust.
这辆车出现了锈迹。

He went to have the film developed.
他去冲洗照片了。

(3) development n. 发育,成长,出现,显影,开发
The development of photographic films requires a dark room.
冲洗底片需要暗房。

We should pay special attention to the healthy development of children.
我们应该特别关注儿童的健康成长。

The government should encourage the development of small businesses.
政府应该鼓励小公司的发展。

We must await further developments.
我们必须等待事态的进一步发展。

(4)adj.
developed 先进的,发达的,成熟的
developing 发展中的,进行中的

This country has a highly developed system of agriculture.
这个国家有十分发达的农业体系。

She is well developed for her age.
她比实际年龄看起来早熟。

It’s one of the less developed countries.
它是发达程度较低的国家之一。

China belongs to the developing world.
中国属于发展中世界。

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