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北京四中高考英语综合复习Book 3 Unit 10-12
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry982 | 更新时间:2007-2-28 | 字体: |

Book 3 Unit 10---12
重点词汇、短语与句型:
1.attend to 处理,照顾,关照
2.take pride in 感到自豪
3.do up  打扮,梳妆
4.let down  不支持,使失望
5.fix sth. on/upon sb. 全神贯注于

6.at length  终于,最后,详细地
7.through thick and thin   不顾艰难
8.stick with 继续支持;保持联系
9.pull out of   从…中退出
10.in reality   事实上,实际上

11.keep an eye on照料,照管
12.take…into account  考虑,体谅
13.as a whole普遍说来,作为整体
14.once again   再一次
15.live up to   依照…行事,做到,不辜负(期望)

16.to begin with 首先,第一,起初
17.drop out (of) (从活动、竞赛等中)退出,辍学
18.result in  产生某种作用或结果

19.预测和描述故事:
What would be an interesting story?
What would be an exciting plot?
What characters would likely appear in it?
What would the characters be like?
Where would the story take place?
When would the story take place?
Would you like to read a story or a novel?

20.谈论协作和成功:
Do you prefer doing things in a group?
Do you stick with your friends through thick and thin?
Are you always active in your group work?
Is it necessary to work with others?
A sports team is made up of…
Different team members may have different skills.
A team can only function well when all team members cooperate.
All team members should respect, help and support each other.

21.进行比较:
Compare…with…
How is it similar to…?
How is it different?
Compare 1985 with 2002.What changes can you find?

知识点归纳:
1.pride n. 自豪,得意
⑴She looked with pride at the result of her work.
她自豪地看着自己的工作成果。

⑵He felt a glow of pride as people admired his new car.
人们夸他新汽车时,他得意的很。

短语搭配:
take pride in…对…感到自豪
the pride of sth. 引以自豪的人或事物

⑴She takes great pride in her children’s success.
她为自己孩子取得的成绩感到无比骄傲。

⑵The new car was the pride of the whole family.
新汽车是全家人引以自豪之物。

*pride v.
短语搭配:pride oneself on sth./doing sth. 得意于…,以…自豪

⑴She prides herself on her garden.
她对自己的花园非常得意。

⑵He prides himself on remaining calm in an emergency.
他在紧急关头十分镇静为此感到骄傲。

*proud adj. 自豪的,感到得意的
常用于以下句型:
be proud of…
be proud to do sth.
be proud that…

⑴She is proud of her new car.
她为自己的新汽车颇觉得意。

⑵We were proud of our success.
我们为自己的成功而骄傲。

⑶They were proud to belong to such a fine team.
= They were proud that they belonged to a fine team.
他们为自己属于这么好的一个队而自豪。

*习语:as proud as a peacock 骄傲如孔雀(极骄傲)

2.at length 最后,终于,详细地
⑴At length the bus arrived, forty minutes late.
公共汽车终于来了,晚了四十分钟。

⑵He went on at tedious length about his favourite hobby.
他仍不厌其烦地讲他的业余爱好。

*其他有关length的短语搭配:
go to any, some, great etc lengths to do sth. (为达到目的)不顾一切,不遗余力
keep sb. at arm’s length    与某人保持距离;不使自己太亲近某人
at arm’s length  以一臂之距
in length 长度

⑴Hold your hand out at arm’s length.
伸直手臂。

⑵There are no lengths to which an addict will not go to obtain.
瘾君子为了得到毒品什么事都做得出来。

⑶They went to absurd lengths to keep the affair secret.
他们为了保密无所不用。

⑷He would go to any lengths to keep his government in power.
他决心竭尽全力使他的政府继续执政。

⑸The room is ten metres in length.
这个房间长10米。

⑹I now keep my neighbor at arm’s length because he has been rude to me many times in the past.
我与我的邻居保持距离,因为他曾多次对我无礼。

* -length 用以构成复合形容词
如:
a knee-length dress
a floor-length curtain
lengthy adj.  很长的
lengthen v. 使…变长,延长(以-en为后缀的动词有很多,如:shorten 缩短,strengthen 加强,增强,darken 使变黑,变暗,soften 使变软,软化)

⑴The days start to lengthen in March.
三月份白昼开始变长。

⑵Lengthy negotiations must take place before any agreement can be reached.
要进行多次长时间谈判才能达成协议。

⑶Shorten this report to 2000 words.
把这篇报告缩短为2000字。

⑷The sky darkened after sunset.
日落后天变黑了。

⑸In the heat the frozen ground began to soften.
冰冻的地面受热后开始融化。

⑹The wind strengthened during the night.
风在夜里刮大了。

高考链接:
The faces of four famous American presidents on Mount Rushmore can be seen from a _____ of 60 miles. (2004-4)
A. length B. distance C. way D. space

分析:
60英里开外,指两点之距离,而长度、道路和空间都不符句意。题意为:从60英里开外可以看到在拉什莫尔山上四位美国总统的头像。
答案:B

3.simple adj.
*简单的
The machine is quite simple to use.
这机器使用起来很简便。

*朴素的,式样简朴的
⑴He is living a simple life.
他过着简朴的生活。

⑵I like my clothes to be simple but elegant.
我喜欢穿朴素大方的衣服。

*头脑简单的,智能低下的
She doesn’t understand you. She is a bit simple.
她不明白你的意思,她有点儿笨。

simply adv.
*简单地,简明地
⑴The problem has been solved quite simply.
这个问题很简单就解决了。

⑵Explain it as simply as you can.
尽可能简单地解释一下。

*朴素地,朴实地
She is dressed simply.
她衣着朴素。

*仅,只
⑴Is success simply a matter of working hard?
是否只要勤奋就能成功?

⑵I bought the house simply because it was large.
就是因为这所房子大我才买的。

simplify v.  使(某事物)简单或简明,简化
simplification n. 简化
simple-minded adj.头脑简单的,笨的

⑴That will simplify my task.
那样可简化我的工作。

⑵What she said was a useful simplification of the theory.
她把这一理论讲得深入浅出。

高考链接:
I am surprised that you should not have been fooled by such a (an) _____ trick. (NMET2001)
A. ordinary B. easy C. smart D. simple

分析:从surprised一词可知,因对方被如此简单的花招愚弄而感到吃惊。
答案:D

4.有关let的短语搭配:
* let sth. down 放下,降下
⑴We let the bucket down by a rope.
我们用绳子把桶吊下去。

⑵This skirt needs letting down.
这条裙子需要放长。

*let sb. down 使某人失望
⑴Please come and support me. Don’t let me down.
请来支持我,可别不帮忙。

⑵This machine won’t let you down.
这部机器不会出毛病,你尽管放心。

*let me see 让我想想
Let me see----where did I leave my hat?
让我想想----我把帽子放在哪里了?

*let sth. out 泄露(秘密等),放宽,放大(衣服等),发出(叫声等)
⑴Don’t let it out about me losing my job, will you?
别把我丢了工作一事泄露出去,行吗?

⑵She let out a scream of terror.
她发出恐怖的叫喊。

⑶He is getting so fat that his trousers have to be let out.
他越来越胖,裤腰都得放宽了。

*let sb. through 评定某人及格
I’m a hopeless driver but the examiner let me through.
我开车的技术糟透了,但考官让我及格了。

* let…be 不打扰或不干涉
⑴Let me be. I want a rest.
别打扰我,我要休息。

⑵Let the poor dog be.
别逗那条可怜的狗吧。

*let go of…或let…go  松开或释放…
⑴Let go of the rope.
松开绳子。

⑵Will they let the hostages go?
他们会释放人质吗?

*let us say  例如,譬如
If the price is 500 dollars, let us say, is that too much?
价钱嘛,比如说500美元,是不是太贵了。

*let alone 更不用说,更别提
The baby can’t even walk, let alone run.
这个婴儿连走路都不会,更不用说跑了。

*let …in 允许…进入
There is someone at the door. Let them in, will you?
有人敲门,让他们进来好吗?

高考链接:
--My family usually goes skating for vacation. I like skating, but I want to try something different this year.
--___________. (2005重庆高考)
A. Let’s go. B. Cheer up. C. Like what? D. Take care.

分析:
从题干来看,说话的人指出“我今年想做别的事”,听话人应关心的是“别的什么事”,因此C项(Like what? 比如说哪些事)和题干相符。Cheer up.意为“使…振作起来”,Take care.意为“当心;保重”,Let’s go. 应回答去做已知的或已明确的事情。
答案:C

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