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[高考前18天] 高考英语知识点综合训练[6]
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry982 | 更新时间:2007-5-5 | 字体: |

6.experiment
* n. “实验,试验”
do/perform/carry out/conduct an experiment进行实验
learn by experiment 通过实验学习
experiment还常与on/upon 搭配

eg.
The researchers are repeating the experiment on rats.
研究人员用老鼠反复做该实验。

* vi. “实验,试验”
experiment on/upon sb./sth. 对…进行实验

eg.
We experimented until we succeeded in mixing the right colour.
我们不断实验直至将所需要颜色调配成功。

They experimented on/upon frogs.
他们用青蛙做实验。

*
experimenter   n.  实验者,试验者
experimentalism  n. 实验主义,经验论
experimental adj.  实验的,用实验的
an experimental farm实验农场
an experimental physicist  实验物理学家

eg.
The technique is still at the experimental stage. It hasn’t been fully developed yet.
这项技术仍处于实验阶段,尚未完全成熟。

7.tear
*v. 撕扯,撕裂;飞奔,飞跑;强行使某人离开…
tear …in two  把…撕成两半
tear…into pieces  把…撕成碎片
tear…open  把…撕开
tear one’s hair (out)  表示极大的悲伤、愤怒
tear oneself away(from sb./sth) 舍不得离开某人/某事物
tear down  拆除
tear sth. up   撕毁(文件等)

⑴He tore the parcel open.
他把包裹撕开。

⑵Can you tear a sheet of paper in two?
你能把一张纸撕成两半吗?

⑶The baby likes tearing paper into pieces.
婴儿喜欢把纸撕成碎片。

⑷This cloth tears easily.
这布料容易撕破。

⑸Her heart was torn by grief.
她肝肠寸断。

⑹My boss is tearing his hair out about the delay in the schedule.
我们老板因进度拖延而气得七窍生烟。

⑺Do tear yourself away from the television and come out for a walk.
你别舍不得离开电视了,出去散散步吧。

⑻The book was so interesting that I couldn’t tear myself away from it.
这本书如此有意思以至于我爱不释手。

⑼They are tearing down the old houses.
他们正在拆除旧房屋。

⑽She tore up all the letters he had sent her.
她把他写来的信都撕了。

⑾She tore downstairs , shouting “Fire!”
她奔下楼梯,高喊‘着火了’。

* n. 泪水(常用复数)
be wet with tears  眼泪汪汪
burst into tears   放声大哭
in tears(表示状态) 哭泣
crocodile tears 鳄鱼的眼泪(假悲伤)

⑴Her eyes filled with tears.
她眼泪汪汪的。

⑵The story moved us to tears.
这个故事感动得我们流泪。

⑶Hearing his voice, she burst into tears.
听到他的声音,她放生大哭起来。

⑷We found her in tears.
我们发现她在哭。

⑸She shed crocodile tears when she dismissed him from his job.
她把他解雇时,流出了鳄鱼的眼泪(假装难过)。

*tearful adj. 哭泣的
eg.
a crowd of tearful mourners 一群哭泣着的送葬者

8.promise
* n. 允诺,答应 后面可接of + n. ; to do sth.; that同位语从句等
eg.
⑴His parents gave him promise of support.
他父母答应支持他。

⑵Don’t forget your promise to write to me every month.
别忘了你答应要每个月给我写信。

⑶He made a promise that he would write to me every month.
他允诺要每个月给我写信。

常用搭配:
make a promise 许诺
make a promise to do sth. 许诺做某事
break one’s promise  违背诺言
keep one’s promise   遵守诺言
give a promise 许下诺言
make a promise that… 许诺做某事
carry out one’s promise  履行诺言

* n. 可指望出现或发生某事物的迹象,希望
eg.
⑴There is a promise of better weather tomorrow.
明天天气可能更好。

⑵There seems little promise of success for the expedition.
看来这次探险的成功希望不大。

⑶The crops are full of promise.
庄稼丰收在望。

* vt./vi. 允诺,答应;使(某事物)很有可能
常用于:
promise sb. sth. 答应某人某(事)物
promise sb. to do sth.  答应某人做某事
promise to do sth.  答应做某事
promise + n.  答应…
promise (sb.) that… 答应(某人)…
I promise you 口语中表示‘我向你保证’
promise well 大有希望,可能产生良好的结果

⑴I have promised him to return the book by next Monday.
我已答应他要在下周一前还书。

⑵The firm promised the workers a wage increase.
公司答应给工人加工资。

⑶She promised me that she would be punctual.
她向我保证一定准时。

⑷No one in the office promised a quick answer to the matter.
办公室没人答应对此事从速作答。

⑸The clouds promise rain.
阴云预示有雨。

⑹The new sales policy promises well.
新的销售办法可望取得良好效果。

⑺You won’t regret it, I promise you.
我包你满意。

* promising adj. 有前途的,有希望的
⑴He is a promising young pianist.
他是一个有前途的青年钢琴家。

⑵The results of the first experiments are very promising.
第一次实验的结果充满了希望。

考题链接:
He has ______ to come tonight, and he is sure to come.
A.allowed B. proved C. promised D. nodded

分析:allow后面不能直接跟不定式,promise to do 表示答应要做某事。
答案;C

9. go doing结构表示“去干某事”,大多跟体育、娱乐活动有关
eg.
⑴It’s too wet to go walking around London.
地上太湿,不能逛伦敦。

⑵Would you like to go shopping this afternoon?
你想今天下午去购物吗?

属于这一类的常见结构有:
go camping  宿营
go boating  去划船
go hunting  去打猎
go dancing  去跳舞
go fishing  去钓鱼
go climbing 去爬山
go sailing  去航海
go swimming 去游泳
go shooting 去射击
go cycling  去骑车
go outing去郊游
go skating  去滑冰
go riding   去骑马

10. What /How about sth./doing sth.?
“…怎么样”,常用来征求对方意见

eg.
⑴What about a cup of coffee?
来杯咖啡如何?


-----Staying at home is dull. 呆在家里真闷。
-----How about going to see a movie? 去看场电影怎么样?

高考题链接:
-----What about having a drink?
-----___________.(NMET2000)
A. Good idea B. Help yourself C. Go ahead, please D. Me, too

分析:‘What about doing sth?’是征求对方意见的日常交际用语。用‘Good idea’能表达自己对‘喝咖啡’这个提议的看法 ,而 ‘Help yourself’是‘随便喝吧’的意思,‘Go ahead, please’是‘你去喝吧’,‘ Me, too’不符合这里的语境。
答案:A

11.be of + 抽象名词(如:value/importance/use/interest/benefit…).
=be +抽象名词的形容词
用来描述某人/某物的特征,抽象名词的前面还可加上修饰词,如:great/no/little/much/some/any。

eg.
⑴His advice is of value to us. = His advice is valuable to us.
他的建议对我们来说有价值。

⑵Sports and games are of great importance. = Sports and games are very important.
体育运动很重要。

⑶This medicine is of no use. = This medicine is useless.
这药没效果。

⑷The dictionary is of not much help to us. =The dictionary is not very helpful to us.
这词典对我们没有多大帮助。

* be of + a/an + n.(如:age/colour/kind/type/size/height…) 表示主语的特征或性质
这些名词没有相应的形容词形式,因此不能用‘be + 形容词’来替换。

eg.
⑴We are both of an age. = We are of the same age.
我们两个人年龄相同。

⑵The two boys are almost of a height.
= The two boys are almost of the same height.
这两个男孩几乎一样高。

⑶They are of different colors.
他们颜色各异。

⑷The two coats are of a size. =The two coats are of the same size.
这两件外套一样大。

考题链接:
Our factory has turned out 2,000 cars this year, all of which ____ quality.
A. is good B. are good C. is of high D. are of high

分析:题意为‘我们工厂今年生产汽车2000辆,而且都是高质量的’ be of +名词 表示事物(汽车)的属性或特征。
答案:D

12. find oneself + 介词/现在分词/过去分词
发现自己(处于某状态);不知不觉地来到…

⑴When he came to, he found himself in hospital.
当他醒来时发现自己躺在医院里。

⑵I found myself at the water’s edge.
我不知不觉中来到了河边。

⑶He found himself lying on the grass.
他发现自己躺在草地上。

⑷I found myself walking in the direction of the zoo.
我发现自己不知不觉中朝着动物园的方向走去。

⑸We found her in poor health.
我们发现她身体健康状况欠佳。

⑹He found himself surrounded by a group of boys.
他发觉自己被一群男孩围着。

*含有oneself的搭配有:
enjoying oneself  过得愉快
come to oneself  苏醒过来
dress oneself 穿衣服
help oneself to… 自取,随便吃
feel like oneself 觉得身体情况正常,沉着
teach oneself 自学
smile to oneself  暗自笑
say to oneself   自言自语,暗想
wash oneself  洗澡
lose oneself in thought  沉思

13.
make up… 组成…
be made up of…  由…组成
be made of… 由…制造的(在产品中可以看出原材料)
be made from…  由…制造的(在产品中看不出原材料)
be made in… 在某地制造的
be made into…  被制成…

eg.
⑴The novel is made up of ten chapters.
= Ten chapters make up the novel.
这本小说是由十个章节组成的。

⑵Our class is made up of sixty students.
我们班是由六十名同学组成的。

⑶Animals bodies are made up of cells.
动物的身体是由细胞组成的。

⑷Society is made up of people of widely differing abilities.
社会是由能力迥异的人组成的。

⑸Paper is made from wood.
纸张是用木料制成的。

⑹The bridge is made of steel.
这座桥是用钢材造成的。

⑺Glass is made into bottles.
玻璃制成了瓶子。

⑻This bicycle was made in Shanghai.
这辆自行车是上海制造的。

*make up 的其他含义:化妆,铺床,虚构,补足,补齐
对比:make up for 弥补,赔偿
eg.
⑴She spent an hour making herself up before the party.
她在聚会前化妆花了一小时。

⑵She is always heavily made up.
她总是浓妆艳抹的。

⑶We made up the bed in the spare room for our guest.
我们在空着的房间里为客人铺好床。

⑷I couldn’t remember a story to tell the children, so I made one up as I went along.
我想不出有什么故事可给孩子讲了,只好现编故事。

⑸We still need $100 to make up the sum required.
我们还需要100美元才能达到所需的数目。

⑹Hard work can make up for a lack of intelligence.
勤能补拙。

高考链接:
Everybody in the village likes Jack because he is good at telling and_____ jokes.(2005江苏高考)
A. turning up B. putting up C. making up D. showing up

分析:句意为:杰克擅长讲笑话编笑话,所以村里的每个人都喜欢他。make up有编造的意思。
答案:C

14.表示身体姿势的常见短语:
stand on one’s foot  单足站立
jump to one’s feet 跳起来
stand on one’s head   倒立
rise to one’s feet 站起来
struggle to one’s feet 挣扎着站起来
lie on one’s back  仰卧
lie on one’s stomach俯卧
lie on one’s side  侧卧
stand on one’s leg like a cock 金鸡独立

eg.
⑴He couldn’t stand on his right leg.
他的右腿站不起来了。

⑵I jumped to my feet and rushed out of the room.
我跳了起来,冲出了房间。

⑶He stood on his head to make the baby laugh.
他倒立着使婴儿发笑。

⑷Do you like sleeping on your side?
你喜欢侧着身子睡觉吗?

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