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[高考前18天] 高考英语知识点综合训练[11]
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry982 | 更新时间:2007-5-5 | 字体: |

7.right
(1)adv. 径直地,恰好地,正确地,彻底地
You should come right home after school.
放学后你应该直接回家。

The punch hit him right on the nose.
这一拳正好打在他的鼻子上。

He cannot pronounce my name right.
他无法正确念出我的名字。

She acted right.
她的行为规规矩矩。

Go right to the end of this winding road, and then turn left.
走完这条弯弯曲曲的路,再向左转。

(2)adj. 右边的,正确的,合适的
Your ring is in her right hand.
你的耳环在她的右手里。

What you said doesn’t sound right.
你说的听起来不对。

He’s the right man for the job.
他是这项工作的合适人选。

(3)n. 正义,正确,权利
You did right to tell your teacher the truth.
你把真相告诉老师是对的。

Everyone should know the difference between right and wrong.
每个人都应该明辨是非。

Who gives you the right to say that?
谁给你权利说那些?

8.upon prep. 一---就---
Upon arrival, he gave a phone call to his mother.
一到他就给母亲打了电话。

Upon/On hearing the news, he burst into tears.
他一听到这消息就哭了起来。

Upon his arrival in France, he began his shopping.
他一到法国就开始了购物。

Upon our arrival at the railway station, we received their warm welcome.
我们一到车站就受到了他们的欢迎。

We are completely independent upon your help.
在你们的帮助下,我们完全独立了。

Once upon a time, there lived a woman wizard.
很久以前,这里住着一个女巫。

9.sight n.
(1)视域,望见

catch sight of  看见
lose sight of   看不见
in/within/out of sight
at the sight of  一看见---(就---)
at first sight   一眼

As he caught sight of his old friend, he shouted his name.
他看见了老朋友,大叫他的名字。

No vehicle is in sight.
一辆车都看不见。

The train was out of sight.
列车很快消失了。

She flared up at the sight of her son smoking.
她一看见儿子抽烟就勃然大怒。

He recognized his father’s handwriting at first sight.
他一眼就认出了他父亲的笔迹。

(2)景象 (指某地的名胜古迹时用复数)
What a beautiful sight these boats in the river make!
河上的那些船构成一幅多么美丽的景象啊!

Come and see the sights of Shanghai!
来上海游览名胜古迹。

10.put forward
(1)提出,推荐,提名
In 1860, a better plan was put forward by an Englishman, William Low.
1860年,一个名叫威廉的人提出了一个更好的计划。

Shall we put Mr William forward as the candidate for chairman of the committee?
我们提名威廉先生作为委员会主席的候选人好吗?

(2)使---显眼
put oneself forward 出风头,引人注目

(3)有关短语
put down 写下,记下
Put it down to my account, please.
请记在我的帐上。

put down as 看作
I’d put him down as an uneducated man.
我把他看作没受过教育的人。

put in打断,插嘴
“Don’t forget us,” she put in.
“别忘了我们,”她插嘴道。

put off  延期,推迟
Don’t put off until tomorrow what can be done today.
今天可以做的事不要推迟到明天。

考题链接:
Most people didn’t accept the theory when it was first _____.(2005启东模拟)
A. set about B. set off C. put forward D. put out

答案 C
分析 put forward 提出;本句意思是“这个理论当初提出时,多数人不能接受”。

11.apply
(1)vi. 申请,应用,适用
I applied for a scholarship.
我申请了奖学金。

She has applied for a job as an English teacher.
她应征了英语教师的工作。

He applied to the government for financial help.
他向政府申请财务援助。

(2)vt. 对---施用,贴,涂抹
The nurse applied a bandage to the wound.
护士将伤口包上绷带。

(3) vt.vi. 对---适用,适合
You can’t apply this rule to every case.
= This rule can’t be applied to every case.
这个规则不能适用于所有情况。

What you said doesn’t apply to me
你所说的不适合我。

The doctor has applied laser to an operation.
这位医生用激光进行了一次手术。

12.remember, remind, memorize, recall
(1)remember 记住,记得
remember doing 记得已经做过某事
remember to do  记得要去做某事

I still remember his face.
我仍然记得他的面容。

I remember locking the door.
我记得锁了门。

I remember to lock the door.
我记得要锁门。

(2)remind 提醒,使想起
remind sb. of sth.
remind sb. to do

This photo reminds me of her mother.
这张照片使我想起了她母亲。

(3)memorize 记住,记忆,指有目的的记忆
He has memorized all the words in this dictionary.
他记住了这本字典中的所有单词。

(4)recall 指经过一定的思索而记起某一件事,强调一次的回忆
I don’t recall his name.
我不记得他的名字。

Can you recall your schooldays?
你能回忆起学生时代的情形吗?

13.set about
(1)set about 开始某工作,着手于某事,后接名词或动名词
I advise you to set about your work without delay.
我建议你立即开始工作。

I’ll set about preparing supper.
我要开始做晚饭了。

(2) set out 开始,着手;动身,起程 后接不定式
They set out to perform the operation.
他们开始做手术。

They set out to work as soon as they arrived.
他们一到就开始干了起来。

Half an hour later, we set out again on our journey.
半小时后,我们又开始启程了。

They set out for Rome.
他们动身去罗马。

(3)set off 出发,动身(= set about)
We all set off for New York next Tuesday.
下周二我们动身去纽约。

They have set off on a journey round the world.
他们已出发作环球旅行。

(4)
set aside  留出,存储
set to work 开始干
set foot on/in  登上,涉足
set up  搭建;成立

Let’s set up the tent first.
我们先把帐篷搭起来。

Edison set up a chemical lab of his own at the age of ten.
爱迪生10岁就建立了他自己的化学实验室。

高考链接:
It’s ten years since the scientist ____ on his life’s work of discovering the valuable chemical. (NMET2004江苏)
A. made for B. set out C. took off D. turned up

答案 B
分析 B 表示开始着手做某事

14.hesitate
(1)vi. 犹豫,迟疑
She hesitated before picking up the phone.
她拿起听筒前犹豫了一下。

She’s still hesitating about sending her son to college.
对于是否送儿子上大学,她仍然犹豫不决。

We seldom hesitate about where to stay in Paris.
去巴黎住哪儿,我们很少拿不定主意。

Don’t hesitate to tell me if you have any requests.
如果你有什么要求,请告诉我,不要犹豫。

I hesitate to ask you, but will you recommend me for the post?
拜托你真不好意思,但你能推荐我去担任那个职务吗?

(2)
hesitatingly  adv. 犹豫地,吞吞吐吐地
hesitation n.犹豫

I had no hesitation in telling the truth.
我毫不迟疑地说出实情。

15.比较级表示最高级含义
英语中有时比较级使用在一些具体语境中,可以表达最高级的含义:
Mike is more intelligent than any other student in his class.
麦克比班上任何一个其他的学生都聪明。

Time is more precious than anything else.
时间比其他任何东西都宝贵。

No one can sing better than he.
没人比他唱得更好。

I have never seen a better film.
我没看过更好的电影。

Nothing is easier than this.
没有比这更简单的了。

比较级表达最高级含义时,句中往往有否定词或由any构成的不定代词。

高考链接:
Bob ran the 100 meters in 9.91 seconds, and I have not seen _______ this year. (NMET2005浙江)
A. the best B. better C. the most D. more

答案 B
分析 本句中使用否定句的比较级表达最高级。

16.as用法小结
(1)conj.
引导时间状语从句,表示主从句的动作同时发生。
As he looked at her she made a face.
他看她时,她做了个鬼脸。

He sang as he walked.
他边走边唱。

引导原因状语从句,表示比较明显的原因,常放在主句前。
As he didn’t know much English, he got out his dictionary and looked up the word.
由于他不懂多少英语,他拿出词典查了这个词。

表示“如(不如)---一样”,引导方式状语从句。
He does not speak as the other people do.
他不象其他人那样肯说话。

He is not so diligent as you.
他不如你勤奋。

引导倒装的让步状语从句,表示“虽然、尽管”,将表语或状语提到句首,如果表语是名词,放到句首时不能加冠词。
Young as he is, he knows a lot.
尽管年轻,他懂得很多。

Old man as he is, he still works hard.
尽管他是个老人,他仍然工作很努力。

(2)pron.
用作关系代词,引导限定性定语从句,先行词前常有such, the same修饰。
We’ll make such computers as are needed in different branches of science.
我们将制造出各科学部门所需要的那种计算机。

I’m reading the same book as you.
我读的书与你相同。

引导非限定性定语从句,先行词通常是整个主句,从句可以位于句首。
The two cities are far away from each other, as you can see in the map.
正如你在地图上看见的那样,这两座城市相距甚远。

As everyone knows, all that glitters is not gold.
大家都知道,发光的不都是金子。

(3)as if/ as though
引起方式状语从句或表语从句,若表示与事实相反或实现可能性很小,从句谓语动词用虚拟语气。
Tom is talking about China as if he had been there.
汤姆在谈论中国,就好象他去过一样。

It looks as if it’s going to rain.
天看起来要下雨。

This meat tastes as if it has already gone bad.
这块肉尝起来好象已经坏了。

He glanced about as if in search of something.
他四处打量好象在搜寻什么。

He waved his hand to me as if to have something to tell me.
他向我挥了挥手,好象有事情要告诉我。

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