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[高考前18天] 高考英语知识点综合训练[16]
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry982 | 更新时间:2007-5-5 | 字体: |

5.progress 不可数名词 进步,前进,进展
短语搭配:
make progress  进步,前进
in progress 进行中

⑴Progress is being made in building a new highway around the city.
新环城公路的建设正在向前推进。

⑵The meeting is in progress now.
会议正在进行。

⑶An inquiry is now in progress.
调查工作此刻正在进行中。

*progress 动词 前进,进步,进展
⑴He is progressing nicely in his study of French.
他的法语学习进展顺利。

⑵Her disease has progressed more quickly than the doctors expected.
她的病情发展得比医生们预料的要快。

⑶The work is progressing steadily.
工作在稳步地取得进展。

6.
make sense of  弄懂…的意思
make sense  有意义,有道理,讲得通

⑴Talk slowly; you’re not making sense.
请讲慢些,你没把意思说清楚。

⑵I can’t make sense of this poem, but perhaps I will if I read it again.
我弄不懂这首诗的意义,但我再读一遍或许就能读懂了。

其他含有sense的习语搭配:
come to one’s senses 苏醒过来;清醒地思考,恢复理性
six sense  第六感官
common sense  常识,见识
in a sense 从某种意义上说

⑴She fell and fainted, but soon came to her senses.
她跌倒后昏过去,但不久就苏醒过来了。

⑵Too much beer and wine was ruining his life; he finally came to his senses and stopped.
过度饮酒使他的身体每况愈下,他最终明白后便停止了酗酒。

⑶His six sense told him that something was wrong, and sure enough, his car had been stolen.
他的第六感官告诉他出意外事情了。确实,他的汽车被盗了。

⑷Show some common sense; stay home if you’re sick.
表现得懂事些,你如果生病了,就呆在家里休息。

⑸I write many letters and keep a journal, so in a sense I’m a writer.
我写许多信并记日记,因此从某种意义上说我就是作家。

高考链接:
I’m sure David will be able to find the library----he has a pretty good_______ of direction. (2005浙江高考)
A. idea B. feeling C. experience D. sense

分析:
feeling 意为“触觉,知觉(physical sensation, recognition of touch);感情(an emotion)”, sense 意为“感官(one of the five feelings of the body----sight, hearing, taste, smell, and touch); 辨别,理解,领悟(appreciation or understanding of the value or worth of sth.)。
答案:D

7.anxious adj. 渴望的,焦急的;焦虑的
短语搭配:
be anxious to do sth.  渴望/急于做…
be anxious about 担忧…

⑴The student was anxious to finish the final examination.
那个学生急于要结束期末考试。

⑵I am anxious to leave.
我急于离开。

⑶He was anxious to please his guests.
他急于讨好客人。

⑷I am very anxious about my son’s health.
我非常担心我儿子的健康。

⑸I was anxious about the children when they didn’t come home from school.
孩子们放学后没回家,我很担心。

* anxiety n..
短语搭配:
in anxiety of …渴望…
⑴In his anxiety to succeed, he has overworked himself.
渴望成功,他一直过度工作着。

⑵The teacher praised her for her anxiety for knowledge.
她渴求知识,老师表扬了她。

高考链接:
My mother always gets a bit ________ if we don’t arrive when we say we will. (2005浙江高考)
A. anxious B. ashamed C. weak D. patient

分析:
由后句“…we don’t arrive when we say we will.”得知“my mother”的心情应为着急、担心。
答案:A

8.
in other words 换句话说
in a word  总之
in one’s own words  用自己的话说
be a man/ woman of his/ her word 守信的人,说话算数的人,可靠的人
break one’s word 失信
eat one’s words (被迫)收回某人的话,承认错误
have words with  与某人争论,发生口角
word for word  逐字地,一字不变地
word play  双关语
keep one’s word  遵守诺言

⑴In a word , the party is over.
一句话,聚会结束了。

⑵Tell the court what happened in your own words.
用你自己的话告诉法庭发生了什么事。

⑶She is a woman of her word because she repaid the loan exactly when she said she would.
她是个守信的人,按照她说的时间还了贷款。

⑷He broke his word and did not repay the loan.
他违背了诺言,没有归还借款。

⑸He kept saying that he would win the tennis championship, but he lost and now he has to eat his words.
他坚持说他能赢得网球赛冠军,但他输了,现在他不得不承认他说错了话。

⑹His behavior made me mad, so I had words with him.
他的所为把我气疯了,我跟他吵了一架。

⑺She told me exactly what he said, word for word.
她一字不差地告诉我他所说的话。

⑻The word play in his writing is very witty.
他作品中的双关语诙谐风趣。

⑼You can trust her to keep her word.
你可以相信她会信守诺言的。

高考链接:

----Do you think I should get a good guidebook?
----Yes, of course. _______, you also need a good camera and comfortable shoes. (2004春季北京)
A. What’s more B. In other words C. By the way D. All in all

分析:
从后面一句“you also need a good camera and comfortable shoes”的also一词可知除了a good guidebook之外,另外还需要…
答案:A

②Your performance in the driving test didn’t reach the required standard______, you failed.(NMET1999)
A. in the end B. after all C. in other words D. at the same time

分析:
根据前句“Your performance in the driving test didn’t reach the required standard(在驾驶测验中你的表现没达到要求的水平”,及后句“you failed(你没通过这次驾驶测验)”,可知应用in other words (换句话说)。
答案:C

9.
a pile of  一堆
piles of   一大堆,一大团

⑴A truck dumped a pile of sand near the road.
一辆卡车在路边倒了一堆沙子。

⑵She has piles of homework to do this weekend.
她这个周末有一大堆的作业要做。

⑶The children eat piles of butter on their bread.
孩子们吃面包爱多抹黄油。

*
pile v..  堆积
pile up增多,积累

He piled the newspapers on his desk.
他把报纸堆在他的书桌上。

The cart was piled high with fruit.
大车上高高地装满了水果。

We piled up the boxes outside the house.
我们把箱子堆在房子外面。

My work is piling up.
我的工作越积越多。

Evidence was piling up against them.
不利于他们的证据越来越多。

Her debts are piling up and she has no money to pay them.
她债台日高已无力偿还。

10.
as follows  如下
follow the crowd 随大流
follow sb.’s example  仿效他人的做法
follow one’s nose  一直往前走;凭直觉行事
so it follows that  因此,这样一来

⑴I don’t want you to follow my example and rush into marriage.
我不希望你仿效我,也仓促结婚。

⑵Her qualifications are as follows: an excellent education, previous experience in the field, an excellent performance record.
她的资格如下:受过良好的教育,以前有这方面的经验,有优秀的表现记录。

⑶The company has no cash, so it follows that it must borrow money or go out of business.
公司没有现金了,这样一来她要么借钱,要么停业。

⑷The police station is a mile ahead up the hill----just follow your nose.
警察局在前面一英里处的山坡上----一直往前走就行了。

⑸Since you don’t know the language I can only suggest that you follow your nose.
你既然不会这门语言,我只能建议你见机行事。

⑹She has an unusual style of dressings; she doesn’t follow the crowd.
她有一种与众不同的着装风格,她不随大流。

高考链接:
I send you 100 dollars today, the rest _______ in a year. (2005湖南高考)
A. follows B. followed C. to follow D. being followed

分析:
现在分词表主动、进行意义;过去分词表被动、完成意义;不定式表将来。根据语境in a year 可知表将来。
答案:C

11.
fall behind  跟不上,落后
fall in love with… 坠入情网,爱上…
fall into debt/trouble  陷入债务/麻烦
fall back 退,退让
fall off…跌落

⑴The crowd fell back to let the doctor through.
人群向后退,让医生走过去。

⑵One marcher fell behind the others.
有个行进者落在了别人后面。

⑶The woman fell behind in her rent payments.
这个女人拖欠了租金。

⑷She fell in love with Tom the first time she met him.
她第一次见到汤姆就爱上了他。

⑸When her business failed, she fell into debt.
生意失败后,她债务缠身。

⑹He fell off the ladder.
他从梯子上跌落下来。

高考链接:
John is very lazy. He falls ________ behind in his studies. (2005广东高考)
A. veryB. far C. more D. still

分析:
fall behind 意为“落在后面”,far 做副词表程度,“远远地”。
答案:B

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