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全国各地高考英语经典句型必备[上]
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry | 更新时间:2008-2-11 | 字体: |

1、as 句型:
  (1) as引导方式状语从句句型:“按照……;正如……”
     例:We do farm work as the old peasant teaches us. 
         As(it is)in your country, we grow wheat in the north and rice in the south.    正如(像) 你们国家一样,我们北方种植小麦,南方种植水稻。
(2) as+形容词/副词原级+(a /an)+名词+as ;
     否定式:not as/so --- as
     例:He is as good a player as his sister.
         他和他姐姐一样是位优秀的运动员。
(3) such + n. + as to do 如此……以致于……
     例:She is such a fool as to believe what he said.
         她是一个如此的一个笨蛋以致相信了他所说的话。
(4) so + adj./adv. + as to do sth 如此……以致于……
     例:He was so strong as to carry the heavy box.
         他是如此的强壮以致于能提起那重箱子。
  (5) such --- as---  象……之类的…… (接名词或定语从句)
     例:He wished to be such a man as Lei Feng was.
         他希望成为一个像雷锋这样的人。
  (6) the same +名词+as 和……一样的…… (接名词或定语从句)
     例:He is not the same man as he used to be 他不是从前的那样子了。
  (7) as 引导非限制性定语从句
     例:As is known to us, knowledge is power.众所周知,知识就是力量。
  (8)引导时间状语从句。与while意义相近
     例:We get wiser as we get older. 随着我们长大,我们也变得越来越聪明。
  (9) 引导原因状语从句,与because的用法相近
     例:As it was getting very late, we soon turned back.
         因为越来越迟了,所以我们不久就回来了。
  (10) 引导让步状语从句
     例:Child as he is, he knows much about science.
         尽管他是一个小孩,但他对科学了解得很多。
2、prefer 句型:
  (1) prefer to do sth
     例:I prefer to stay at home.   我宁愿呆在家里。
  (2) prefer doing sth
     例:I prefer playing in defence.   我喜欢打防守。
  (3) prefer sb to do sth
     例:Would you prefer me to stay?  你愿意我留下来吗?
  (4) prefer to do sth rather than do sth  ……宁愿…...而不愿.…".
     例句:I prefer to stay at home rather than go out
           我宁愿呆在家里而不愿出去.
  (5) prefer doing sth to doing sth
     例:I prefer watching football to playing it. 
         我喜欢看篮球,不喜欢打篮球。
  (6) prefer sth to sth
     例:I prefer tea to coffee.   我要茶不要咖啡。
3、when 句型:
  (1) be doing sth ---- when ---
     例:He was still smiling when the door opened and his wife came in.
         他正笑着的时候门突然开了,他妻子走了进来。
  (2) be about to do sth --- when ---
     例:We were about to start when it began to rain.
         我们刚要出发,天就开始下雨了。
  (3) had not done sth --- when ---/ hardly --- when ---
     例: He had not fallen asleep when the telephone rang.
          他刚要入睡电话就响了。
  (4) had just done ---- when ---
     例:I had just gone to bed after a very hard day when the phone rang.
         在劳累了一天之后我刚刚就寝,电话铃就响了。
4、seem 句型:
  (1) It +seems + that从句
     例:It seemed that everyone was satisfied.  看来好像每个人都很满意。
  (2) It seems to sb that ---
     例:It seems to me that she is right.   我看她是对的,
  (3) There seems to be ----
     例:There seems to be a heavy rain.   看上去要有一场大雨。
  (4) It seems as if ----
     例:It seemed that she couldn't come to class.看样子她不能来上课了。
5、表示“相差……;增加了……;增加到……”句型:
   (1) She is taller than I by three inches. 她比我高三英寸
   (2) There is one year between us. 我们之间相差一岁。
   (3)  She is three years old than I  她比我大三岁。
   (4) They have increased the price by 50%. 他们把价格上涨了50%
6、what 引导的名词性从句
  (1) what 引导主语从句
     例:What surprised me is that everybody seemed to be very indifferent to her.
  让我吃惊的是每个人似乎对她都很冷淡.
[ indifferent adj.不关心的;冷漠的]
  (2) what 引导宾语从句
     例:We can learn what we do not know. 我们能学会我们不懂的东西。
  (3) what 引导表语从句
     例:That is what I want.   那正是我所要的。
  (4) what 引导同位语从句
     例:I have no idea what they are talking about. 我不知道他们正在谈论什么.
7、too句型:
  (1) too...to do sth.
     例:Politics is too important to be left to the politicians.
        (=Politics is so important that it can't be left to the politicians.)
          政治太重要了,不能由政治家来决定。
  (2) only too --- to do sth
     例:I shall be only too pleased to get home.  我要回到家里就非常高兴。
  (3) too + adj + for sth
     例:These shoes are much too small for me.  我穿这双鞋太小了。
  (4) too + adj + a + n.
     例:This is too difficult a text for me.   这篇课文对我来说太难了。
  (5)  can't … too +形容词     无论……也不为过
     例:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.
  我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。
8、where  句型:
  (1) where 引导的定语从句
     例:This is the house where he lived last year. 这就是他去年住过的房子。
  (2) where 引导的状语从句
     例:Where there is a will,there is a way.有志者事竟成。
         He left his key where he could find.他将钥匙放在易找到的地方。
         I will go where I want to go.我要去我想去的地方。
  (3) where  引导的表语从句
     例:This is where you are wrong.   这正是你错的地方。
     注:引导状语从句的where= 介词+the place where (定语从句)
         例:Go where(ver) you are most needed.到最需要你的地方去。

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