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2006年高考英语单项选择题答题指导与精练
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:我心飞羊 | 更新时间:2006-3-30 | 字体: |

一、近几年高考单选命题趋势
近几年的NMET单项选择填空题的命题原则是:“突出语境,强化语意,强调运用”。它属于英语基础知识的考查范畴,但随着近年来试题的改进和发展,此项目中明显地增加了学科能力的测试内容,也即是说,试题不仅要求考生具有一定的英语语法知识和词汇知识的记忆、理解、掌握和运用的能力,而且要求考生能根据题干所给的语境条件,进行分析、对比并能灵活地运用各项英语基础知识。由于高考是选拔性的测试,所以单项填空题有一定的难度,这使得考生在此类题目上费时较多又得分率不高。因为它是整个试卷中的“门面”,虽然所占分值不高,但对教学具有明显的导向作用。它侧重对基础知识进行考查,但不是对基础知识简单记忆能力的考查,也不是孤立的考查。强调了语境和语用。全国高考试题的单项选择题多年来一直遵循着这一原则,高考英语语言知识试题的考查突出了语法必须有语言丰厚的文化背景作为基础进行考查的特点。
二、2006年高考英语单项选择题命题趋势
单项填空试题应该是对基础知识进行检测的试题,基础知识题在试题中应该占一定的比例,特别是根据形势需要,试题降低了一定难度的情况下,但是几乎所有的基础知识题的设置都有一定的语境,或需要参照一定的语境,而不是对基础知识孤立的考查。试题设计坚持语境化命题原则,纯语法规则的试题减少,考查英语能力、理解能力及逻辑推理能力的试题增加;知识覆盖面广,同时突出语境,注重对学生综合知识的考查。
高考英语语言知识试题的考查突出了语法必须有语言丰厚的文化背景作为基础进行考查的特点。
三、做单选题应具备的能力
(一)、记忆、理解和灵活运用英语中习
        惯用语的能力
(二)、基础词汇的辨析能力
(三)、语法词汇知识在具体语境中的辨
        析和灵活运用能力
(四)、正确分析句子结构的能力
(五)、排除思维定势干扰的能力
(六)、捕捉句中隐含信息的能力
四、命题常用手段
1、创设语境
2、设置干扰
1)打乱句型
2)插入语干扰
3)标点干扰      
4)省略句干扰
3、思维定势
4、汉英差异
5、曲折表达

1 创设语境法
—Do you have anything ____ .?     
—Oh, thank you, I can manage it myself.
A. to do           B. to be done            C. doing         D. do
2 设置干扰
①——打乱句式
The officer gave orders that anyone __a gun should be reported to the police station.
A saw take                   B. seen taking           
C. seeing take                   D. seen taken
②——加入插入语
—We haven’t heard from Jane for a long time.       
 —What do you suppose ______ to her ?
A was happening            B. to happen        
C. has happened             D. having happened
③——标点符号
Everyone was on time for the meeting---_____ Chris, who’s usually ten minutes late for everything.
A. but          B. only        C. even          D. yet
④——省略
— How long have you been here?      
— _____ the end of last month.       
A. In           B. By         C. At         D. Since
3 思维定势
例一:Not far from the club there was a garden, ________ owner seated in it playing bridge with his children every afternoon.
A. whose            B. its            C. which       D. that
例二:Wang ling was elected ____ all he is the tallest.                       
A. because          B. because of     C. for           D. as
4 汉英差异
When we got to the top of the mountain the sun was rising ________ the east.      
A. to        B. from         C. in       D. at
5 曲折表达
—She really sings perfectly.
—Yes, I have never heard ______ voice.
A. a good        B. a better  C. a best       D. the best
五、试试吧!
1. --- You haven’t been to Beijing, have you?    
   --- _____. And how I wish to go there again!
A. Yes, I have                   B. Yes, I haven’t      
C. No, I have                     D. No, I haven’t
2. Mr. Smith has bought a little house in the country, around ____ some green trees.
A. which is                        B. it is               
C. which are                    D. them are
3. I can hardly imagine so pretty a girl like you ______ boxing.      
A. like          B. to like        C. liking        D. to have liked
4. If a book is in English, _____ means slow progress for you.       
A. as          B. which        C. what        D. that
5. She left and on the table is her message: _____ I’ve gone shopping now and will be back at 10:30.
A.that         B. where        C. which        D. \  
6. If the weather is fine, we’ll go. If ____, _____.                             
A. not; not       B. no; no      C. not; no      D. no; not
7. You should treat him (in) the way ____ suits him most.               
A. that          B. in which        C. /             D. why
8. ---I can’t find Mr. Morris. Where did you meet him yesterday ?            
    ---It was in the hotel _______ he stayed.
A. where    B. which        C. that         D. the one
  9. --- Excuse me, may I ask you some questions?
  --- Sorry, I’m too busy and haven’t got even a minute to __________.
  A. spend B. spare C. share D. stop
  10. If you want to see a doctor, you fix a date with him ahead of time. That
  is a common ________ in the USA.
  A. sense B. rule C. practice D. reality
  11. ----$500, but that is my last offer.
  ----OK, it is a _________.
  A. cost B. price C. reward D. deal
  12. This book is said to be a special one, which ________ many events not found
  in other history books.
  A. writes B. covers C. prints D. reads
  13. I have been studying computer for several years and I still ________.
  A. have B. do C. have been D. am
  14. ----Remember the first time we met, Jim?
  ----Of course I do. You ________ in the library.
  A. were reading B. had read C. have read D. read
  15. As senior 3 students, it is the most important to _______ a good state
  of mind in face of failure.
  A. keep up B. keep on C. keep out D. keep off
  16. ----Did you visit the famous museum?
  ----No. We _________ it, but we spent too much time shopping.
  A. could have visited B. must have visited
  C. can’t have visited D. shouldn’t have visited
  17. ----I rang you at about ten, but there was no reply.
  ----Oh, that was probably _____ I was seeing the doctor.
  A. when B. why C. what D. that

  18. ----Could I use yours?
  ----I’m sorry, it isn’t here. I’d get it for you ______ I could
  remember who borrowed it.
  A. except that B. now that C. if only D. even though
  19. Steven has a lot of work to ______ in the office since he has been
  away for quite a few days.
  A. take up B. make up C. work out D. carry out
  20. A fifteen- year-old girl came _____ to the bus stop only ____ the
  bus had gone.
  A. running, to find B. to run, to find
  C. and run, found D. running, finding
  21. The taxi had to _______ because the traffic light had turned red.
  A. set up B. shut up C. catch up D. pull up
  22. Is this research center ____ we visited the modern equipment last year?
  A. where B. that C. the one that D. which
  23. She is wondering ______ to deal with next.
  A. what B. which C. how D. why
  24. ----Have you seen _____ pen? I left it here this morning.
  ----Is it ____ black one? I think I saw it somewhere.
  A. a, the B. the, the C. the, a D. a, a
  25. I kept this picture _____ I can see it every day as it reminds me of
  my university days.
  A. in which B. where C. when D. whether
  26. The boss _________ 30 dollars from my salary without any good reason.
  A. brought down B. kept back C. cut off D. held up
  27. ----which one can I take?
  ----You can take ______ of them; I’ll keep none.
  A. both B. any C. neither D. all
  28. ----Did you give him the book?
  ----Yes. I gave it to him _______ I saw him.
  A. once B. hurriedly C. while D. directly
  29. We have reached the point _____ a change is needed.
  A. which B. when C. that D. where
  30. ----May I go and play with Tom this afternoon, Mum?
  ----No. You can’t go out _____ your homework is being done.
  A. before B. as C. until D. after

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