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2007年高考英语考点难点[四]
| 文章作者:刘世岩 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry982 | 更新时间:2007-4-25 | 字体: |

2007年高考英语考点难点
第四部分
设计制作 刘世岩
battle, war, fight, struggle
war指战争的总体;battle指war中的战斗或战役;fight指具体的人与人之间或动物之间的争斗;struggle指长时间,激烈的争斗,多指肉体,精神上的战斗.对比:
We have had two world wars in this century.本世纪已有两次世界大战.
They were wounded in the battle.他们在战斗中受了伤.
We have started a fight against pollution. 我们已开始了一场消除污染的斗争.
His life was a hard struggle with sickness.他一生跟疾病作了艰苦的斗争.
①in time of war
②be at war
③declare war on…
④fight a battle
⑤give/offer battle
⑥have a hand-to-hand fight
(7)fight sb. with sb.
伴随状语可用现在分词也可用过去分词
He put a finger in his mouth, tasted it and smiled, looking rather pleased.本句有三个并列谓语,looking 部分为伴随状语.
例题 1)He held up his finger ,_______ a face and nodded his head.
A.making B. made
C. to make D. make
答案:B.此题有and ,需连接并列结构,所填词的形式应与前后保持一致.
He sat there in silence, _______sad and
doing nothing.
A. looking B. looked
D. look D. to look

3)He sat there in silence ,______ nothing.
A.doing B.did
C.to do D. done
答案:A.此题and 之后ing形式,其前面
也应该用ing形式,而不能与前面的sat并列.
答案:A.此题才是在逗号之后,需要伴随状误.
4)He set out early, ________ there on time .
A.arriving B. and arrived
C. arrived D. to arrive
5)He made a smile, _____ with the result.
A. satisfying B. satisfied
C. satisfied D.to satisfy
答案:B.此题两种选项从形式看都有可能,
但根据意思看,"到达"并不伴随"出发"的动
作,而是明显地有先有后.
答案:B.伴随状语可用现在分词也可用过去分词,此处表示"感到满意"的一种状态,而satisfying表示令人满意的,此时的satisfied是过去分词,而不是过去式.
be about to do sth. 正要,即将做某事.是将来时的一种表达方式,表示最近的将来.
①I was about to go to bed when he called.我正要去睡觉,这时他打来了电话.
②When I saw Tom, he was about to get on the bus.我看到汤姆,他正要上汽车.
注意:be about to 通常不用于带有具体时间状语的句子,但可用be going to 表示.
①Hurry up! They are about to start.快点!他们就要走了.
②Hurry up! They are going to start at 10 o'clock.快点!10点钟他们就要走了.
be ahead of 该词组有两层意思,一是"优于","超过";二是"比……早","在……的前面"
He is well ahead of all the other students in English.
be angry with sb.生某人的气.
be angry at/about sth.因某事而生气.
①Don't be angry with me for my being late 不要因为我迟到而生我的气.
②What are you angry about 你生什么气
③He was angry at being kept waiting for so long.让他等了这么久,他很生气.
be certain…; be sure
be uncertain about意思是"对……不确定(没把握)"

uncertain的词根是certain,意思是"确信的,有把握的",常用于以下结构:
(1)be certain(sure) to do sth.
"肯定会做……"(表示某事将要发生).如:
He is certain(sure) to come next Sunday.
(2)be certain(sure) of/ about sth.
"确信,有把握"(表示某个人的思想状态).如:
We are certain/ sure of victory.
(3)名词从句作主语时,一般多用certain.
It is certain that he will come.
be different from与……不同
Your idea is different from mine.
你的想法和我的不同.
对比:make sb./ sth. different from使某人/某物不同于……
Her special accent makes her different from others.
她特殊的口音使她与众不同.
be familiar with,be familiar to
be familiar with的主语是有生命的事,意为"某人对人,事熟悉";be familiar to 的主语是无生命的事物,意为"某人/事为某人所熟悉",
对比:He is very familiar with the names of plants in English.他很熟悉植物的英语名称.
Suzhou and Hangzhou are familiar to many foreigners.苏州和杭州为许多外国人所熟悉.
I'm not familiar with European history./European history is not familiar to me.我对欧洲历史不太熟悉.
注意:be familiar with/to _还表示"精通,通晓"
如:French is as familiar to him as English.他对法语就象对英语一样精通.
[应用] 一句多译
①这些事实是每个学生都熟悉的.
②她精通4种语言.
These facts are familiar to every schoolboy.
Every shoolboy is familiar with these facts.
She is familiar with four languages
Four languages are familiar to her.
be filled with = be full of 充满,装满
The bottle is filled with water .瓶子里装满了水.
注意:Filled with courage , he went into the cave .此处filled 表示"充满了的"指处于一种状态.
比较:be crowded with 挤满的,与be filled with 有所不同.如:
The room is crowded with guests.房间里挤满了客人.
此外,fill作为动词可用其主动形式,亦可构成另外短语.如:
Fill the bottle with sand .把瓶子装满沙子.30
be likely to 易于……;有可能的.
后跟动词不定式,往往用在一时的情形.
I shall be likely to catch cold if I go out tonight without my overcoat.
如果今晚不穿大衣出去,我会感冒的.
Is that magazine likely to interest you
那本杂志对你有吸引力吗
be of…结构小结
(1)be of + 表示年龄(age),大小(size),颜色(color),重量(weight),高度(height),价格(price),意见(opinion),形状(shape),种类(kind)和方法(way)等名词,说明主语的特征,of表示"具有"之意,有时可省去.例如:
They are both of middle height.他俩都是中等个儿.
When I was of your age, I was a teacher.当我是你这个年龄时,我当老师了.
These flowers are of different colors.这些花朵颜色不同.
Tom is of a different way of thinking.汤姆的思维方式与别人不同.
注意:此结构中,如果of后面的名词前有不定冠词a/an,则a/an=the same.例如:
The two boys are of an/the same age.
这两个男孩同龄.
These bottles are of a/the same size.
这些瓶子大小一样.
(2)be of + 物质名词,表示主语是由某材料制成或某成分构成,相当于be made of, be built of或be made up of等.例如:
The necklace is(made)of glass.
这项链是玻璃制的.
The bridge is (built)of stone.
这桥是由石头构筑的.
Our class is (made up)of over 50 students.
我班有50多个学生.
(3)be of + 抽象名词(如value, importance,use, help等),of表示"具有,具备"等意思,of不能省,这一结构相当于be+该抽象名词相应的形容词.例如:
They are of great help/ very helpful to learners of English.他们对英语学习者来说是很有帮助的.
In fact, sports and games can be of great value/very valuable.事实上体育运动是很有价值的.
The book is of no use/useless to us.这书对我们无用.
It is of great importance/very important to study English.学习英语很重要.
因此,根据上述(1),(2)点可以看出,课文句中第一个be of 结构表示"具有",第二个be of(承前省去be)表示"由……制成的".全句汉语意思为:"硬币的大小,重量,形状可能各不相同,并由不同的金属制成."
be on
on 表明所处的状态,意为"为……工作,在……服务"可用be a member of, work for, belong to 替换.
I'm on the school team.我属于校队.
She is on Times newspaper.她在时代报社工作.
[应用]完成句子,上下句同意
①Which team do you belong to
Which team______you_____
②She is a member of the city team.
She______ ______ the city team.
be out; put out
be out 指"(灯,火)熄灭",强调状态. put out 意为"熄灭,扑灭" ,强调动作.如:
Is the fire out
Office workers tried to put out the fire, but it was impossible to control it.
be remembered as…作为……而被人们怀念
He will always be remembered as a national hero.
be seated
意为"坐下"(=sit down),是正式用语,而sit down是非正式用语.如:Please be seated, ladies and gentlemen.
be up to
to是介词,后接名词,代词或动名词.这一短语有以下几个常用意思:
(1)从事于,忙于,有时含有"密谋干坏事"之意.如:
What is he up to now 他现在在干什么
He is up to no good.他没干好事.
(2)由……负责,常用It作主语.如:
It's up to you to decide whether to go or not.
是去还是不去由你决定.
It's up to us to give them all the help we can.
我们理应尽力帮助他们.
(3)胜任,适于.如:
He is not up to his work.他不胜任他的工作.
(4)直到,以至.如:
up to now 直到现在
Between the hours of midnight and 6 a.m.,the hurricane crossed the southeast corner of England with winds of up to 160km/h.
从午夜时分到清晨6点之间,飓风横扫英格兰的东南角,风速高达每小时160公里.
because;because of; since; for; as
二者均表示"因为",区别是:
because是从属连词引导原因状语从句;而because of是一个合成介词,其后接名词,代词,动名词或what从句组成介词短语.如:
I went back not because of the rain,but because I was tired.我回去不是因为下雨,而是因为我累了.
Her face turned red because of what he said.他的话使她脸红了.
Since既然,as语气比because弱;for是并列连词,其后是分句而不是原因从句.在强调句型中"it is…that.."中只能用because.
become experienced at对……有经验
experienced adj.有经验的,老练的
be experienced in

He's very experienced in money matters.
experience n.经验,体验(in(of)/doing)
My father has ten year's experience in teaching.
beeline n.两地之间的直线;捷径(指蜜蜂采蜜后径直飞向蜂房,这条路叫beeline)
(1)make a beeline for sb./sp.走近路;走直路;向……直行
As soon as the meeting was over, he made a beeline for the pub.
会议一结束,他就直接上了酒吧.
If you want to catch up with them, you'd better make a beeline for them.
如果你想赶上他们,你最好抄近路去.
(2)in a beeline 成直线地,笔直地
The pupils went to the museum in a beeline.
孩子们直接走向博物馆.
believe in(=trust/trust in)信赖;信任;信仰
believe in(=trust/trust in)信赖;信任;信仰

Tom is honest. I believe in him.
汤姆很诚实,我信赖他.
He doesn't believe in anybody in the world.
在这个世界上,他不相信任何人.
We believe in socialism.
我们信仰社会主义.
①We believe in Marxism.
②You can believe in him.
③We believe in our government.
对比:believe sb.相信某人的话是真的.
I believe what he said this time though he often tells lies.
尽管他经常撒谎,可这次我相信他的话是真的.
belong to属于
无被动结构,也不用进行时态.下列单词和词组也无被动形式:appear, disappear, happen, take place, break out等.
The house belongs to him.这所房子归他所有.
The book belongs to my deskmate.
这本书是我同位的.
Besides/beyond,prep.
作为副词,意思是"还有,而且"(moreover),常放在句首.如:
I don 't want to go out for a walk. Besides, I'm feeling tired.
beyond,prep.
(场所)在(向)……的一边,越过……,(程度)超出;(时间),超过(Δ常用于否定句);除……之外,……以外.
①Go about 200 metres beyond the house and you will find the hotel on the left.
②I want to buy a bag beyond these clothes.
blow
①用作动词,表示"吹风,刮风".如:
blow hard(strongly)风刮得很大;
blow away the leaves吹走树叶;
blow down(over)trees 把树刮倒;
blow in much dust吹进灰尘;
blow off one's hat吹掉帽子;
blow out the candle吹灭蜡烛;
blow open(风吹)开;blow up爆炸
②用作名词,表示"打击,一击".
如:be a great blow to sb.
对某人是个巨大的打击;
give sb.a heavy blow on the head
重重地打某人的头.
【应用】完成句子
①他妻子之死对他是一大打击.
His wife's death was _______ _________ ________ ______him.
②我那顶帽子被风吹掉了.
I _______my hat __________ ___________.
③风刮得厉害,门吹开了.
The wind was ________ __________ and the door ________.
④战士们把敌人的大桥炸毁了.
The soldiers __________ __________the enemy's bridge.
Key:①a ,great, blow, to ②had, blown, off
③blowing, hard, blew, open ④blew, up
block
①用作名词,意为"块;街区;阻塞."如:
a block of ice/stone/wood 一大块冰/石头/木头;two blocks两个街区;a block in traffic/a traffic block交通堵塞.
②用作动词,表示"阻塞,阻拦".如:
be blocked by the heavy snow被大雪堵塞,block the entrance 堵塞入口;Block!(路标)此路不通!
【应用】完成句子
①道路被人群挤得水泄不通.
The road_______ _______with crowds of people.
②那家旅馆同这里隔着两条街.
The hotel is __________ _________ __________.
③他们用石块将洞口堵住.
They ________ (up)the entrance to the cave with big rocks.
④有人在妨碍我们实施计划.
Someone is _________our plan.
Key:①was, blocked ②two, blocks,away
③blocked ④blocking
See you next time!

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