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英语高考常见动词短语积累归纳总结
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry982 | 更新时间:2007-4-25 | 字体: |

英语高考常见动词短语积累归纳总结

♣ look 的常用短语:
look up … in查找
look sb. up and down 上下打量
look back to/ upon回顾
look upon…as把… 看作
look forward to期待
look through浏览; 看穿
take a new look呈现新面貌

♣ fear的常用短语:
in fear害怕地
(be) in fear of 害怕
for fear of/ that担心;生怕

♣ concentrate 的常用短语:
concentrate on 专心…
concentrate one’s mind on 专心于…
类似的短语:
fix one’s mind upon
focus on
put one’s heart into
focus one’s mind on
♣surprise常用短语:
in surprise惊讶地
to one’s surprise 使某人惊讶的是
be surprise at/to do/that
对某事感到惊讶

♣表示“穿衣”的动作或状态的词和短语
1.表示动作的有:
pull on
put on
dress
dress sb
2. 表示状态的有:
wear
be in
be dressed in
have … on

♣常见表“喜欢”的短语和单词
like
care for
be keen on
be fond of
take delight in…

♣ trouble的常用短语:
have much trouble / no trouble (in) doing 在…有/没有困难
take great trouble to do
不辞辛劳做某事
put sb to the trouble of doing …
为难某人做某事
make trouble捣乱
be in (great) trouble
惹麻烦;处在困境中
help sb. out of trouble
帮某人摆脱困境

♣ end的常用短语:
come to an end……结束
put an end to 结束……
on end竖起, 连续
in the end终于; 最后
end up (by) doing…以……结束
make both ends meet收支相抵

♣ 表示“导致”、“由…引起”的短语:
1. 导致
cause sth. (to do)
result in
lead to
2. 由……引起
be caused by
result from
grow out of
lie in

♣表“全力以赴”的短语:
do / try one’s best
spare no efforts to do
take great pains to do
go all out to do
do what somebody can (do) to do
do all somebody can (do) to do

♣ direction常用短语:
in (the ) direction of….朝……方向
under the direction of ...在……的指导下
follow the directions照说明去做

♣ far常用短语:
far from (being)离……要求相差很远
far from +(a place)距离某地很远
far away遥远
so far 到目前为止; 那么远
as far as sb. knows/sees据某人所知
by far
(最高级前,比较级后)起强调作用

♣ distance常用短语:
in the distance在远处
from/ at a distance从远处
keep sb. at a distance
于某人保持一定距离
It is no distance at all.不远

♣ use常用短语:
used to do过去曾经、常做
be used to doing …习惯于……
be used to do被用来做……
make good/ full use of充分利用……
come into use开始使用……
it is no use doing …干……没有用

♣“出了什么事”的几种不同表达
What’s wrong with….?
What’s the matter with…?
What’s the trouble with…?
What happened (to sb.) ?

♣“众所周知”常用表达法:
It is known to all that…主语从句,that不能省
As is known to all,定语从句,置于句首
We all know (that)后接宾语从句
Everyone knows (that)后接宾语从句
, which is known to all.非限定从句,置于句末

♣表“同意某人意见”的常用短语:
agree with sb. /what sb. said
agree to sth.
approve (of) sth.
in favour of sth.
be agreeable to sth.
be for sth.
“不同意”
disagree with sb./ what sb. said
object to sth.
disapprove (of) sth.
be against sth.

♣ sign的常用短语:
sign one’s name签名
sign to sb (not) to do sth.
示意某人(不)做某事
signs of …
……的迹象

♣would rather 与 prefer 的区别
1.宁愿做……而不做……
would rather do A than do B
prefer A to B
prefer to do A rather than do B
2. would rather 主语 + 过去式,表示“宁愿”
eg. I would rather you came tomorrow than today.
should prefer sb. to do sth./ should prefer 主语 + 过去式,表示“比较喜欢……”
eg. I should prefer you not to go there alone.
OR: I should prefer that you did not go there alone.

♣trap常用短语
be caught in a trap落入圈套
be led into a trap中圈套
set a trap to do sth.设圈套……
be trapped in sth.被…..所围困

♣ grow常用短语
in the grow of在….成长中
grow up长大; 成长
grow rich on靠….. 变富
grow into长成……
grow out of由…..引起/滋生出

♣ make常用短语
be made up of =consist of 由……组成
make up for弥补
be made from/ of由……造成
make up编造;组成;化妆
be made into制成……
make fun of取笑; 嘲弄
make a living 谋生

supply, provide, offer 的区别:
1.表示“向某人提供某物”
supply / provide sb. with sth.
supply / provide sth. for sb.
supply sth. to sb.
offer sb. sth.
2. 表示“主动提出做某事”
offer to do sth.
3. 表示“倘使”、“假如”
provided / providing that
= on condition that
=only if
4. 表示“满足需要”supply / meet a need.

♣ supply的常用短语
in short supply 缺乏,不足
medical/military supply医疗/军用品
supplies of…许多

♣ lack的常用短语
be lacking in sth. 在……不足
make up for the lack of
弥补……的不足
for/by/from/through lack of…
由于…不足,缺乏
have no lack of不缺

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