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中学英语教学评价试验项目(高二英语词组句型归纳)
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:本站整理 | 文章录入:henry982 | 更新时间:2006-11-1 | 字体: |

教育部基础教育中学英语教学评价试验项目
高二年(下)词组,句型归纳
Unit. 11
1. the lunar calendar 农历 the solar calendar 公历 solar energy 太阳能 solar system 太阳系
2. leap over a fence 跳过篱笆 Look before you leap 三思而后行 leap at a chance 抓住机会
3. hi-tech = high technology 高科技
4. in support of 为了支持 He has a family to support. 有家庭要赡养.
5. be likely to do sth 有可能做… It is likely / possible/ probable that….
★He is likely to come. = It is likely that he will come. = It is probable that he will come.= He will probably come
6. set foot in 到达 / 踏上 set about doing = get down to doing = start out / off to do 着手干…
set an example to sb 为某人树立榜样 set by = set aside 储蓄 set fire to sth = set sth on fire
set up 建立/ 成立 set up home 成家 set free 释放自由 set sail 扬帆起航
7. have an effect on 对…产生作用 come into effect = take effect生效 bring sth into effect 使…实施
in effect = in fact = as a matter of fact = in reality 事实上 be of no effect 无效的 personal effects个人财产
8. rely on = depend on 依靠 / 信赖 rely on sb to do sth依靠某人做某事 rely on it that… 放心去
9. come to life 活跃起来 come to one's life = come to oneself = come to one's sense = revive 苏醒过来
come at 袭击 come down 流传下来 come off 成功 come by 获得 come for 来取物/接人
come out 出版/开花/结果 come round 前来 come through 经历 come to an end 结束
come up against 遇到 come up to 达到/ 符合
10. be based on 基于…
11. a travel agency 旅行社 sole agency 独家代理
12. look forward to doing 盼望做… be forward to help others = be ready to help others 乐于助人
put over = put across 解释 put away = put aside 储蓄
put back 推迟 / 阻碍 put down 记下 / 镇压 put sb into prison 把某人投入监狱 put off 推迟
put out 扑灭 put through 完成 put up 张贴/ 搭建/ 提供膳食 put up with 容忍.. put down to 归因于
put through to 接通(电话) put forward = come up with = bring forward = set forth 提出…
13. on the march 行军中/ 进行中
14. achieve one's aim 达到目的 point at 指向 aim at (表动作)= be aimed at (表状态)
glance at 一瞥 shoot at 射向 stare / glare at 瞪着 aim at 旨在/ 瞄准 aim at a success 志在成功
15. at war = in battle 在战斗中
16. have … in common 有共性 in common with 与…一样 out of common 非凡的 common sense 常识
17. do / make research 做研究 carry out / conduct research in / into / on 进行…的研究
18. in store 在等待/ 降临/ 储蓄 in a flash 刹那间 in a hurry in case 以防… in chains 囚禁中
in charge of 负责 be in debt to 负债… in need of 需要 in peace 处于和平中 in place 就位
in public 当众 in silence 一片寂静 in the hope of 怀着…的希望 in private = privately 私下地
19. be home to / of …所在地
20. get married / get drunk (喝醉)/ get lost = lose one's way / get hurt / get separated (分散)/
get paid (领到薪水)/ get burnt (烧伤)/ get started = be set up (兴建)
21. make sth a success 使…大获成功 What a great surprise you gave us. The concert was a failure.
22. grasp / take the opportunity to do sth 抓住机会做… grasp at 企图抓住 take a firm grasp on抓紧 have a good grasp of 理解 be within our grasp 成功在即
23. as follows 如下 follow up 追查 follow through 完成 follow sb into some place 跟着某人来到…
24. as well as 和 as far as 远至 run across = come across 遇到 as long as 只要 run after 追逐
as many / much as 多达… run into 撞上 run out of 用完… as a result of 由于…的结果
running water
25. be excited about 对…感到激动
26. showcase 展示 be filled with = be full of
27. enable sb to do sth 使…能够做某事
28. by accident = on purpose 故意 without accident 平安无事的 be no accident 绝非偶然
29. He ran faster than ever, reaching the school quite of breath. 意料之中
He hurried to the station, only to find the train had gone. 意料之外
◆Sarah, hurry up. I'm afraid you wouldn't have time to ______ before the party.
A. get changed B. get change C. get changing D. get to change
◆—I would never come to this restaurant again. The food is terrible. — _____.
A. Nor am I B. Neither would I C. Same with me D. So do I.
◆It's ten years since the scientist _____ on his life's work of discovering the valuable chemical.
A. made for B. set out C. took off D. turned up
set out / off to do sth = set out on sth 着手干某事
◆—No, I'm afraid he isn't in. This is this secretary speaking. Can I help you — ______.
A. Oh, you will. B. Oh, that's a pity.
C. I should think so. D. Well, I look forward to hearing from you
◆Chinese arts have won the ______ of a lot of people outside China.
A. enjoyment B. appreciation C. entertainment D. reputation
◆The continuous rain _____ the harvesting of the wheat crop by two weeks.
A. set back(推迟) B. set off C. set out D. set aside
◆The speech by the mayor of Shanghai before the final voting for EXPO 2010 is strongly impressed ____ my memory.
A. to B. over C. by D. on
◆It is wise to have some money ________ for old age.
A. put away B. kept up C. given away D. laid out(使用)
◆—David has made progress recently. — _____, and ______.
A. So he has; so you have B. So he has; so have you
C. So has he; so have you D. So has he; so you have
◆How I wish every family ______ a large house with a beautiful garden!
A. has B. had C. will have D. had had
◆As the tallest building in the world, Taipei 101 has become a new _______ of Taipei City.
A. incident B. geography C. skylight D. landmark
Unit. 12
1. beyond belief 难以置信 have belief in 相信/ 信仰… believe in 信任/ 信仰/ 相信…的存在
make believe 假装
2. make a living = earn a living 谋生
3. apply for 申请 apply oneself to = devote oneself to 致力于 apply one's mind to 专心于
4. lay the foundation of… 奠定…的基础 lay aside 储蓄/ 保存 lay down 放下/ 躺下/ 制定
lay in 储存 lay off 解雇 lay out 展示/ 设计
★lay—laid—laid—laying 产…/放置 ★lie—lay—lain—lying 躺下/ 位于 ★lie—lied—lied—lying说谎
5. set out= set off 出发/ 上路
6. come into collision with 与…相撞/ 冲突 in collision 在冲突中
7. be on board 在甲板/ 飞机上 go aboard = be aboard (ship / plane)上船/ 登机
go abroad 出国 study abroad 留学
8. put sb in prison = send sb to prison送某人入监狱 hold / keep sb prisoner 囚禁某人
take sb prisoner 俘虏某人
9. six pieces of luggage 六件行李 come true = come into reality成为现实
10. in public 公开地 / 公然 in private =privately
11. throw light on / upon = cast light on 阐明某事 throw doubt on 对…产生怀疑
throw oneself into 投身于 light up 点燃 bring to light 揭露 come to light 显露
in (the) light of 鉴于/ 由于 light up with sth 容光焕发
12. hesitate about / at / in / over doing = hesitate to do sth做某事犹豫不决 without hesitation 毫不犹豫
★I am still hesitating about whether I should go home.
13. cut up 切碎 cut across 抄近路/ 违反 cut corners抄近路 cut in 插嘴 cut into pieces 切成碎片
cut off 切断/ 中止 cut out 删除 be cut out for 适合于
14. in the distance 在远处 keep sb at a distance = keep sb's distance from 疏远别人
at a respectful distance 敬而远之
15. make a sketch of 概述 / 制作…草图
16. Sth need doing / to be done. be in need of 需要… in time of need 在必要时
There is no need for sb to do sth.
17. remind sb of sth 提醒某人某事 remind sb (not) to do sth 提醒某人(不要)干某事
remind sb that …提醒某人…
18. He will be back before long (不久以后) He saw the film long before (很久以前)
It was long before we knew what was wrong with our plan. 费了很长时间才…
It won't be long before we meet again. 不用多久…
19. make an effort to do sth = spare no efforts to do sth = make every effort to do sth 尽力做某事
without effort毫不费力的
20. turn out (to be) = prove to be 结果是 turn up 出现 turn down 拒绝 turn in = hand in 上呈
turn to sb for help = ask sb for help 向某人求助 turn over 反过去
21. give a view of 流览…
22. to start with = to begin with 首先 end up with 以…告终 begin with = start with 以…为开始
23. dream of 想到/ 梦到 dream away 虚度光阴 dream up 凭空虚构
24. what's more = moreover 更有甚者 what's worse = to matter worse 更糟糕的是
25. slow down 减慢 be slow to do sth = be slow in doing sth 慢吞吞地做某事
◆John had failed to pay his phone bills for months, so his telephone was _____ last week.
A. interrupted B. disconnected C. excluded D. discriminated
◆We wanted to go home before dark, but it didn't quite _____ as planned.
A. make out B. turn out C. go on D. come up
◆It was with great joy _____ he received the news that his lost daughter had been found.
A. because B. which C. that D. since
◆It was _____ back home after the experiment.
A. not until midnight did he go B. until midnight that he didn't go
C. not until midnight that he went D. until midnight when he didn't go
◆I have always been honest and straightforward, and it doesn't matter _____ I'm talking to.
A. who is it B. who it is C. it is who D. it is whom
◆Why! I have nothing to confess. _____ you want me to say
A. What is it that B. What it is that C. How is it that D. How it is that
◆Most people on this island are recreational fishers, and ___ , fishing forms an actual part of their leisure time.
A. accidentally B. purposefully C. obviously D. formally
◆My grandfather is as ______ as a young man and hates sitting around doing nothing all days.
A. enthusiastic B. energetic C. talkative D. sensitive
◆The faces of four famous American presidents on Mount Rushmore can be seen from a _____ of 60 miles.
A. length B. distance C. way D. space
Unit. 13
1. be of benefit to 对…有益 for the benefit of … 为了…的利益 benefit from 从…中获益
2. a range of 一排/系列 in range with 和… 并列 at close range 接近地 range from 从…的变化
3. all the way 一直/一路上
4. freezing 冰冷的 frozen 冻僵的
5. a mass of = masses of + 不/ 可数名词 大量的 masses of work 大量的工作
mass production大量生产 mass communication 大众媒体
6. take advantage of 对…加以利用 gain/ have /win an advantage over = have the advantage of胜过
to one's advantage对某人有用
7. in substance 基本上/ 实质上 in fact = as a matter of fact = in reality
8. give off 释放/发出(蒸气/光) give out释放/发出(气味/热) give back 返回 give away 分发/ 泄密 give in 屈服/ 呈交 give up 放弃 give out = be tired out 精疲力竭 give way to 让位于
9. be sensitive to 对…敏感
10. in motion 运动中 make a motion with one's hand 做手势
11. call in 召集/打电话 call for 要求 call forth 鼓起 call off 取消
call on sb to do sth 号召某人干某事 call up 回忆起
12. a variety of = various 种类繁多的/大量的
13. all the way 一直/径直 by way of = via途径 by the way 顺便提一下 in a / one way 从某种程度上说 in no way = at no time = by no means = in no case 决不 in the way 挡道 out of the way 不挡道
on the / one's way to 去…的路上 fight one's way = press one's way 奋力前行/挤过去
make one's way 前进 lose one's way = get lost 迷路 pick one's way 择路而行
give way to 让步/屈服于 lead the way 领路 clear the way for 给…让路 feel one's way 摸索前进
14. that is = that is to say 也就是说
15. break down 毁掉/分解/坏掉 break out 爆发 break up 拆散 break out 爆发 break through 突围
break with a bad habit 戒除
16. be available to 为…所获得 the source of life 生命之源
17. be measured in 以…衡量 take measures 采取措施 in a / some measure 某些程度/几分
measure one's height 量身高 measure the time / speed 计时
make… to one's measure 按照某人尺寸做….
18. take advantage of 利用 gain / win / have an advantage over = have the advantage of 胜过
19. meet with accidents / difficulty / opposition 遭遇 / 经历
20. provide for = support 支持 / 供养 provided / providing that = on condition that = if 假使
21. 比较级 + than any other + 单数名词 / all the other + 复数名词 / 不定代词anything , anyone + else
22. have fun = have a good time = enjoy oneself 作乐 be full of fun 极有趣 make fun of = laugh at 嘲笑
It is great fun doing sth 干…很有乐趣
23. contribute to = make a contribution to 对…产生贡献/促进
contribute to = lead to = result in = bring about 导致
24. be busy in doing sth = be busy with sth = be absorbed in doing sth = be buried in doing sth
= engage oneself in (doing) sth = be engaged in (doing) sth = be occupied in / with (doing) sth 忙于做某事
25. change one's mind 改变主意 change seats with sb 与某人换位置 I have no small change about 零钱
Let's go to a restaurant for a change. 更换 / 换口味 change into 变成
change over to 转变成 changeable 易变的 / 不稳定的
◆—Isn't that Ann's husband over there —No, it _______ be him. I'm sure he doesn't wear glasses.
A. can't B. must not C. won't D. may not
◆You _____ be tired. You have only been working for an hour.
A. must not B. won't C. can't D. may not
◆I often see lights in that empty house. Do you think I _____ report it to the police
A. should B. may C. will D. can
◆Mr. White ______ at 8: 30 for the meeting, but he didn't show up.
A. should have arrived B. should arrive C. should have had arrived D. should be arriving
◆—Tom graduated from college at a very young age. —Oh, he ____ have been a very smart boy then.
A. could B. should C. might D. must
◆—I don't mind telling you what I know. —You _____. I am not asking for it.
A. mustn't B. may not C. can't D. needn't
◆I _____pay Tracy a visit, but I'm not sure whether I will have time this Sunday.
A. should B. might C. would D. could
◆—Who is the girl standing over there ——Well, if you____ know, her name is Mabel.
A. may B. can C. must D. shall
◆—Excuse me, but I want to use your computer to type a report.
—You____ have my computer if you don't take care of it.
A. shan't B. might not C. needn't D. shouldn't
◆—I'll tell Mary about her new job tomorrow. —You____ her last week.
A. ought to tell B. would have told C. must tell D. should have told
◆—Excuse me .Is this the right way to the Summer Palace —Sorry, I am not sure, But it ____be.
A. might B. will C. must D. can
◆—Mum, I've been studying English since 8 o'clock, ____I go out and play with Tom for a while
A. Can't B. Wouldn't C. May not D. Won't
◆Children under 12 years of age in that country ____be under adult supervision when in a public library.
A. must B. may C. can D. need
◆"The interest ____be divided into five parts, according to the agreement made by both sides," declared the judge. A. may B. should C. must D. shall
◆You might just as well tell the manufacturer that male customers_____ not like the design of the furniture.
A. must B. shall C. may D. need
◆Naturally, after I told her what to do, my daughter _____ go and do the opposite!
A. may B. can C. must(偏要) D. should
◆—The room is so dirty. _____we dean it —Of course
A. Will B. Shall C. Would D. Do
◆A left-luggage office is a place where bags _____be lift for a short time ,especially at a railway station.
A. should B. can C. must D. will
◆How _____ you say that you really understand the whole story if you have covered only part of the article
A. can B. must C. need D. may
◆—I heard they went skating in the mountains last winter. — It___ true because there was little snow there.
A. may not be B. won't be C. couldn't be D. mustn't be
◆It has been announced that candidates _____remain in their seats until all the papers have been collected.
A. can B. will C. may D. shall
◆—Is John coming by train —He should, but he ____not. He likes driving his car.
A. must B. can C. need D. may
◆—I hear you've got a set of valuable Australian coins. ____I have a look —Yes ,certainly.
A. Do B. May C. Will D. Should
◆—Oh, I'm not feeling well in the stomach, I____ so much fried chicken just now.
A. shouldn't eat B. mustn't have eaten C. shouldn't have eaten D. mustn't eat
◆I was really anxious about you. You _______home without a word.
A. mustn't leave B. shouldn't have left C. couldn't have left D. needn't leave
◆You can't imagine that a well-behaved gentleman ____be so rude to a lady.
A. might B. need C. should (竟然) D. would
◆Sorry I'm late. I____ have turned off the alarm clock and gone back to sleep again.
A. might B. should C. can D. will
◆You ____play with matches! It's very dangerous!
A. don't have to B. might C. could D. mustn't
◆—May I use your phone — _____I'm expecting a call.
A. I'm afraid not B. That's OK C. With pleasure D. No, thank
◆The elderly need special care in winter, as they are ____ to the sudden change of weather.
A. sensitive B. sensible C. flexible D. positive
Unit. 14
1. the Nobel Prize 诺贝尔奖
2. put sb in prison = send sb to prison 把某人投入监狱 be in prison 在囚禁 escape from prison 越狱
be taken to prison = be thrown into prison = be sent to prison = be put in prison被投入监狱
3. join hands 携手/ 联手/ 合伙 join sb in doing sth 和某人一起做事 join up 参与/ 入伍/ 汇合
4. the Civil War the right to vote 选举权 vote for sth 投某人的票 vote in sb 选出某人
vote out sb 罢免某人 vote to do sth 通过投票干… give voice to 为…代言
5. set an example to = give an example to sb 为…树立榜样 follow sb's example = follow the example of sb
take sb as an example 以某人为榜样 take sth for example 以某事为例 for example = for instance
6. racial discrimination 种族歧视
7. from then on 从那时起 from now on 从现在起 since then = ever since自从那时起(现在完成时)
8. start with 以…开始
9. regardless of 不理会/不顾/尽管 be regardless of 不在乎 / 不重视
regardless of the consequences 不顾后果
10. at first sight 乍一看 /初见之下 at the sight of 看见 catch / have /get sight of 看见 / 发现
be in / within sight 在视线内 be out of sight = lose sight of 看不见 in the sight of 在…看来
have far / long sight 远视 have near / short sight 近视 lose one's sight 失明
keep good sight 保持好视力 Keep out of my sight! 别让我在看见你!
11. 我禁止你进入这个房间:I forbid you the room = I forbid you to enter the room
= I forbid your entering the room= I forbid that you should enter the room.
forbid doing sth 禁止干某事 forbid sb to do sth 禁止某人干某事 be forbidden to do sth被禁止干某事
12. demand of sb to do sth = demand that sb should do sth 要求某人干某事
meet / satisfy one's demands / needs 满足需求
13. freedom of speech 言论自由 freedom from care 无忧无虑
14. commit murder 犯杀人罪 get away with murder 逍遥法外
15. put one's whole soul into 全神贯注于 heart and soul 全身心
16. separate from 分离开 divide into 分割开 lately = recently 最近地
17. look on … as = think of … as = treat… as = take… as = consider… as = regard… as = refer to… as
18. lead sb to some place 带领某人去某地 lead sb in doing sth 领导某人做某事 lead to 导致
lead a simple / hard life 过着…的生活 lead by 在…的领导下
have / gain the lead in the race 赛跑中领先 take the lead 带头 with sb in the lead 在某人带领下
19. in modern times 在现/ 当代 in ancient / old times 在古代 at a time = each time 每次
at one time = once 曾经/一度 at no time 决不 at times = from time to time = sometimes
in no time = soon at all times 一直/ 无论何时 in time of 在…的时候 all the time 一直/ 始终
take one's time 不要急 / 慢慢来 in one' s spare time 在业余时间里
20. be fit for = be suitable for 适合… fit sb 合身 go with 与…搭配
21. as a result 结果 as a result of 由于…的结果 with the result that 其结果是 without result 没有结果
result from 因…而产生的 result in 引起/导致
◆—How about eight o'clock outside the cinema — That _____ me fine.
A. fits B. meets C. satisfies D. suits(适合)
◆—The window is dirty. — I know. It ______ for weeks.
A. hasn't cleaned B. didn't clean C. wasn't cleaned D. hasn't been cleaned
◆More patients _____in hospital this year than last year.
A. treated B. have treated C. had been treated D. have been treated
◆—How do you _______ we go to Beijing for our holidays
—I think we'd better fly there. It's much more comfortable.
A. insist B. want C. suppose D. suggest
◆The mayor of Beijing says that all construction work for the Beijing Olympics _____ by 2006.
A. has been completed B. has completed C. will have been completed D. will have completed
◆—George and Lucy got married last week. Did you go to the wedding
—No, _______. Did they have a big wedding
A. was not invited B. have not been invited C. hadn't been invited D. didn't invite
◆The number of deaths from heart disease will be reduced greatly if people ____ to eat more fruit and vegetables.
A. persuade B. will persuade C. be persuaded D. are persuaded
◆—What happened to the priceless works of art — ________.
A. They were destroyed in the earthquake B. The earthquake was destroying them.
C. They destroyed in the earthquake D. The earthquake destroyed them.
◆By the end of last year, another new gymnasium _____ in Beijing.
A. would be completed B. was being complete C. has been completed D. had been completed
◆When and where to go for the holiday ______ yet.
A. are not decided B. have not been decided C. is not being decided D. has not been decided
◆I feel it is your husband who _____ for the spoiled child.
A. is to blame B. is going to blame C. is to be blamed D. should blame
◆This is Ted's photo. We miss him a lot. He ______ trying to save a child in the earthquake.
A. killed B. is killed C. was killed D. was killing
◆—How are the team playing — They're playing well, but one of them _____ hurt.
A. got B. gets C. are D. were
◆Rainforests ______ and burned at such a speed that they will disappear from the earth in the near future.
A. cut B. are cut C. are being cut D. had been cut
◆A new cinema ______ here. They hope to finish it next month.
A. will be built B. is built C. has been built D. is being built
◆My uncle _______ until he was forty-five.
A. married B. didn't marry C. was marrying D. would marry
◆All the preparations for the task _____ , and we're ready to start.
A. completed B. complete C. had been completed D. have been completed
Unit. 15
1. look into 调查 look about = look around = look round 环顾四周 look after = take care of = care for 照顾 look back = call up 回忆 look down upon 看不起… look up to 尊敬… look forward to 盼望…
look out = watch out = take care = be careful 当心 look over 查阅 look through 流览
look up the dictionary = turn to the dictionary 查阅字典
2. every now and then = from time to time = at times = every now and again= now and then = occasionally不时地
3. get / be tired of 对…感到厌倦 be tired with / from 因…感到累 give out = be tired out 精疲力竭
4. cool off = cool down 变凉/ 冷静 Keep cool = Keep calm 保持镇定!
5. be guaranteed for 对…提出担保
6. gather (in) crops 收割庄稼 gather oneself 使振作 gather up 聚拢 / 概括
7. foreign currency 外币
8. be faced with 面对… in face of… 面对 face to face 面对面 lose one's face 丢面子
see fit = think fit 认为恰当 think fit to do sth
9. argue sb into doing 劝说某人做某事 argue sb out of doing
argue with sb about sth 与某人争辩某事 apologize to sb for doing = make an apology to sb for sth
10. have an itch for sth = have an itch to do sth 渴望做某事 have itching ears 爱听新奇的事
11. be considered as / to be 被认为… consider doing sth 考虑做某事 all things considered 纵观一切
12. urge sb to do sth = urge sb into doing sth 催促某人做某事
13. catch / get / have a glimpse of = glimpse at 瞥见
14. be known for 因…而出名 be known to 为…所熟知 be known as 作为…而出名
15. celebrate sb sth 庆祝… in celebration of 为庆祝… congratulate sb on sth 庆祝某人某事
16. There is no doubt that… 毫无疑问… There is no possibility that … 不可能…
There is chance that… 有可能… There is no point in doing sth 做某事无意义
There is no need to do sth 没有必要做某事 be in need of 需要量 need to do sth 需要做…
★ It is no good doing sth = It is no use to do sth = It is no use doing sth 做某事没用
17. breath-taking 惊险的 peace-loving people 爱好和平人士 meat-eating animals 食肉动物
18. a feast for the eyes 大开眼界 / 眼睛的盛宴 / 赏心悦目 give / hold a feast 举行宴会
a wedding feast 婚宴
19. take / have a dip in 在…里游泳 / 洗澡 go for a dip 去游泳
take a bath 淋浴 take a vacation 休假 take a journey / trip去旅行 take a walk 去散步
20. offer to do 主动提议做某事 offer sth to sb = offer sb sth 提供某人某物 offer oneself to 献身于
offer sth for money 开价…
21. Things work out quite well. 结果 I work out regularly to keep fit. 锻炼
I've worked out the difficult maths question. 计算出 work out a plan 设计出
22. Should you have enough energy left, … = If you should have enough energy left, …. 如果..
23. draw up a list 制表 make a list of 列表 put one's name on the list 把某人列入名单中
24. travel budget 旅行预算 balance the budget 平衡预算 travel document 旅游证件
25. fall in with one's view 按某人意愿行事 in my view = in my opinion in view 计划好了
in view of 关于 with a view to doing… 为了做…
26. arrange for 安排/准备/ 商定 make arrangements for 为…作出安排
27. make photocopies of 复印… if possible 若可能的话 a seasoned sailor = an experienced sailor
28. act as 充当/ 起…作用 act for 代理 act out 表演 act up 捣乱/ 出毛病 act on / upon 对…起作用
29. especially 尤其/ 特别是 Both the brothers are tall, John especially.
Specially 特别地 / 专门的 This car was specially designed for use in the desert.
30. make forecast = make weather predictions 天气预报
foretell / forecast / predict the path of a hurricane 预测飓风路径 in all directions = in every direction
in a certain direction 从某个方向过来 give directions 给予指示
scientific equipments 科学仪器 / 设备 musical instruments 乐器
31. prepare for… = make preparations for 为…做准备 prepare …准备…
be well prepared for = be ready for 做好了做某事的准备
◆When first ____ to the market, these products enjoyed great success.
A. introducing B. introduced C. introduce D. being introduced
◆ "We can't go out in this weather," said Bob, _____ out of the window.
A. looking B. to look C. looked D. having looked
◆Helen had to shout _____ above the sound of the music.
A. making herself hear B. to male herself hear C. making herself heard D. to make herself heard
◆Reading is an experience quite different from watching TV; there are pictures _____ in your mind instead of before your eyes.
A. to form B. form C. forming D. having formed
◆It shames me to say it, but I told a lie when ______ at the meeting by my boss.
A. questioning B. having questioned C. questioned D. to be questioned
◆Alice returned from the manager's office, _____ me that the boss wanted to see me at once.
A. having told B. tells C. to tell D. telling
◆You were silly not _____ your car.
A. to lock B. to have locked C. locking D. having locked
◆Having been ill in bed for nearly a month, he had a hard time ______ the exam.
A. pass B. to pass C. passed D. passing
◆_______ with the size of the whole earth, the biggest ocean does not seem big at all.
A. Compare B. When comparing C. Comparing D. When compared
◆Having been attacked by terrorists, ______.
A. doctors came to their rescue B. the tall building collapsed
C. an emergency measure was taken D. warnings were given to tourists
◆He looked around and caught a man ______ his hand into the pocket of a passenger.
A. put B. to be putting C. to put D. putting
◆The pilot asked all the passengers on board to remain _____ as the plane was making a landing.
A. seat B. seating C. seated D. to be seating
◆Victor apologized for _____ to inform me of the change in the plan.
A. his being not able B. him not to be able C. his not being able D. him to be not able
◆After his journey from abroad, Richard Jones returned home, _______.
A. exhausting B. exhausted C. being exhausted D. having exhausted
◆Suddenly a tall man driving a golden carriage _____ the girl and took her away, _____ into the woods.
A. seizing; disappeared B. seized; disappeared C. seizing; disappearing D. seized; disappearing
◆A cook will be immediately fired if he is found _____ in the kitchen.
A. smoke B. smoking C. to smoke D. smoked
◆_____ time, he will make a first-class tennis player.
A. Having given B. To give C. Giving D. Given
◆The discovery of new evidence led to ______.
A. the thief having caught B. caught the thief
C. the thief being caught D. the thief to be caught
◆An army spokesman stressed that all the soldiers had been ordered __ clear warnings before firing any shots.
A. to issue B. being issued C. to have issued D. to be issued
◆_____ the meeting himself gave them a great deal of encouragement.
A. The president will attend B. The president to attend
C. The president attended D. The president's attending
◆Unless _____ to speak, you should remain silent at he conference.
A. invited B. inviting C. being invited D. having invited
◆She will tell us why she feels so strongly that each of us has a role _____ in making the earth a better place to live.
A. to have played B. to play C. to be played D. to be playing
◆Mr. Smith, _____ of the ______ speech, started to read a novel.
A. tired; boring B. tiring; bored C. tired; bored D. tiring; boring
◆—Are the new rules working in the library — Yes, _____ books are stolen.
A. Few B. More C. Some D. None
◆Fuzhou is bigger than ______ in Fujian.
A. many another cities B. many other cities C. any city D. any of the other city
Unit. 16
1. mental and physical labor 脑力与体力劳动 physical examination 体检
in good physical condition 身体状况良好
2. suffer from 遭受… suffer from headache / floods suffer a great loss 遭受巨大损失
suffer for one's carelessness 因粗心而受苦
3. be greedy for / of knowledge 渴求知识 be greedy to do = be eager to do 渴望干某事
4. get employment 就业 lose employment 失业 employment agency 职业介绍所
5. civil unrest 内乱 post-war 战后 be under construction = be being built 在建设中
6. make sacrifices 作出牺牲 at the sacrifice of… 以牺牲…为代价
7. bring justice to 依法判处… a war of justice 正义战争
8. in vain 徒劳 be vain of = be proud of 以…为自豪 try in vain to do sth 枉费心机做某事
9. eventually = at last = in the end 最后/ 终于
10. take a chance 冒险/ 碰运气 take apart 拆开 take down 拆掉 take in 吸收/欺骗 take on 呈现/ 雇佣
承担 take change of = be in charge of 负责 take great trouble to do sth 不辞辛苦做某事 take over 接管 take up 开始从事 / 占据 take possession of 占有 take to 开始喜欢 take for 误以为 take away 剥夺
11. overcome = get over 克服/战胜
12. leave alone 不理会/不打扰 leave the door open 不要关门 leave behind 留下/不带走 leave out 漏掉
leave off 停止/脱掉 leave for = start out for 动身往 leave sth to sb 把…留给某人 leave aside 搁置
on leave 休假 ask for leave 请假 fall behind 落后 behind the times 过时/ 跟不上时代
remain / stay behind 留下 leave word 留言 leave + 宾语 + doing 使…处于某状态
13. insist on doing = persist in doing 坚持做…
14. as a result of = because of = owing to = due to = thanks to 由于… without result 毫无结果
result in = lead to 导致/ 结果 result from 起因于… as a result 结果
15. on sale 出售/减价 for sale 待售 cultural diversity 多元文化
16. in turn 反过来/ 轮流 turn away from = turn off 避开 turn in = hand in 上交
turn out (to be) = prove to be 结果是 turn over 翻过去/ 反复考虑 turn up 出现
turn to sb for help = ask sb for help take turns to do sth 轮流做某事 out of turn 不合时宜
take one's turns 轮班 on the turn 将好转 turn down 拒绝/ 调低
17. supply sth for / to sb = supply sb with sth 提供某人某物 be in short supply 供应短缺
a good supply of food 大量的食物
18. a chain of 一连串 a series of 一系列
19. be willing to help others = be ready to help others 乐于助人
20. struggle to do sth = try one's best to do sth 努力做某事
21. Civil Rights Movement 民权运动 The Great Depression 经济大萧条时期
22. 尽管 / 虽然:Despite = In spite of = regardless of + 短语
Although = Though = While + 从句
23. burn with anger 怒火中烧 burn away 烧毁 / 消散 burn down = burn to the ground烧毁
burn out 烧坏 burn up 烧光 / 烧得更旺
24. recover from 从…恢复过来 recover one's sight 恢复视力 recover oneself = come to one's sense
come to one's life = come to oneself = revive 恢复知觉
25. aim at doing = aim to do 旨在… aim at(表动作)= be aimed at (表状态)
We are studying hard, aimed at attending universities.
26. display new image 展现新面貌 in huge numbers = in large numbers 大规模的
27. be determined to do = determine to do = decide to do = make a decision to do = make up one's mind to do determine on (doing) sth 决心干某事
28. gather roots 采集根茎 gather in = harvest 收割 gather up 收拾起来/ 聚集
29. be forced to do = have to do 被迫做某事 move away 搬走 put away 收拾/ 储蓄
give away 分发/ 泄密 clear away 清除 tear oneself away 忍痛舍去 turn away 把…打发走/ 解雇
30. make / reach / arrive at / come to an agreement with 与…达成协议
31. all the while 一直/始终 for a little while 持续了一会儿 in a little while 一会儿后
once in a while 偶尔 worth one while 值得 at while = at times 有时
32. die away (风)停下来/ 平息 die down (声音/光)消失/ 渐熄 die out 灭绝
die for sth = die to do sth = be eager to do sth 渴望…. die off 枯死/ 绝种
die of hunger / illness / disease / old age… 死于内部因素
die from lack of food / a wound / an accident / over-work 死于外部因素
33. live on = feed on 以…为生 live by 靠…生活 live through 经历 live up to 达到/ 不辜负/ 符合
live / lead a simple life. 过朴素的生活
34. cut across 走捷径 cut away 切除/ 逃走 cut back on 减少 cut down 削减/ 砍倒 cut in 插嘴
cut out 删掉/ 停止 cut through 穿过 cut up 切碎/ 使痛苦 cut into pieces 切成碎片
cut off 切断/ 中止 be cut out for = be fit for = be suitable for 适合于
35. be in effect 有效/生效 in effect = in fact = as a matter of fact = in reality 事实上
come into effect = go into effect 生效 without effect 没有作用
put… into effect = bring….into effect = carry… into effect 使…生效
36. 如果:suppose = supposing = as long as = provided = on condition that = providing = assuming = if
Suppose (用于祈使语气或现在分词,同if)
Suppose it rains, what's to be done Supposing (that) she doesn't come, we will still go.
37. not + all/both/every/everyone/everybody/everything/everywhere 部分否定
none/neither/nobody/nothing/no one/never/not┉any 全部否定
我不全认识他们:I don't know all of them.
他们我全不认识:I don't know any of them.= I know none of them
部分否定:Both of them are not my brothers.= Either of them is my brother.
全部否定:Neither of them is my brother.
★Not every one of them / us / you is polite to me
38. I bought the gold necklace for 2500 yuan. = My gold necklace cost me 2500 yuan.
=It took me 2500 yuan to buy the gold necklace. = I paid 2500 yuan for the gold necklace.
=I spent 2500 yuan on / in buying the gold necklace.
Unit. 17
1. to the best of one's ability 尽力地
2. get around = get about 四处走动;活动 get across讲清楚 / 通过 get along …with = get on …with 进展/进行 get away with 侥幸做成 get down to doing 着手做… get down with 结束掉
get into 养成…习惯 get near to 接近
3. have a gift for …对…有天赋
4. assist sb with sth = assist sb to do sth = assist sb in doing sth 帮助某人做某事
5. beyond recognition 认不出来 in recognition of 承认
6. feel sympathy for = have sympathy with同情某人 be in sympathy with 赞同 in / with sympathy 同情地
7. adjust oneself to 使自己适应于…
8. get used to 适应于…/ 习惯于… used to do sth 过去常常干… be used to do sth 被用来做…
It's no use doing sth = it is no good doing sth做…没用
9. stand on ceremony 讲究客套 without ceremony 不拘礼节的
10. win a victory over 战胜
11. bring shame on 使…丢脸 feel ashamed 感到惭愧 It is a shame / pity to do sth 做某事可耻
12. take part in = participate in 参加 participate in sth with sb 同某人参加某事
13. be accessible to 可进入的 / 可获得的 have / gain access to …有做某事的机会/条件
14. award sb sth for sth = award sth to sb for sth 因…授予某人 win an award 获得奖项
15. develop one's potential 发展潜能 offer guidance 提供指导
under one's guidance = under the guidance of 在…的指导下
16. beyond the reach of sb = be out of the reach of 某人手够不着 within the reach of sb 某人的手够得着
reach for 伸手去拿 reach out for 设法抓到 reach one's goal 达成目标
reach out one's hand for 伸手拿…
17. overcome difficulties = get over difficulties 克服困难 inspire sb to do sth 鼓励某人做某事
realize one's dream 实现梦想
18. He is more lazy than foolish 与其…不如 more than 不仅仅 no more than 仅仅
more or less = about 或多或少 more and more 越来越多
19. every two years = every other year = every second year 每隔两年 every few years每隔几年
20. after the event 事后 in the event 如果 in the event of = in case of 万一 in any event 不管怎样
in that event = in that case 那样的话
21. It looks / seems as if… 看起来好象… It appears / seems that …. The finish line 终点线
22. treat me as a child = treat me as if I were a child 把我当作小孩 treat oneself to beer 喝啤酒
It is a great treat for sb to do sth 做某事是难得的乐事
23. gain in weight = put on weight 增肥 gain self –confidence 获得自信
24. compete for 争夺.. compete in在…竞赛 compete against = compete with 和…竞赛
25. be proud of = take pride in 为…感到自豪 be proud to do 做某事感到自豪
26. ahead of time 提前 all the time 一直 at a time = each time 每次 at one time = once 曾经
at all time 经常 at no time 决不 in no time 立刻 sometime 某时 some time 一段时间
sometimes 有时 some times 几次
27. all / everything / anything / nothing / something / few / little / much / the only… / the very … / the right …
最高级 / 系数词 + that 定语从句
28. while
①Their country has plenty of oil, while ours has none. (=but) 然而,表对比,比较
②While I was out, my son began to make trouble (=when, as) 当…的时候,强调主从句动作同时发生
③While I admit his good points, I can see his bad ones. (=though, although) 虽然,尽管,表转折
④While there is life, there is hope. (=since, so long as) 只要,既然,表条件
29. make sense 讲得通 / 有道理 make good sense 很明智 There is no sense in doing sth 做某事没意义
have a good business sense 很有商业头脑
Unit. 18
1. get a patent for 得到…专利权 patent office 专利局 a patent office专利权
hold a patent on对…拥有专利权
2. allow for 顾及/为…做好准备 allow doing sth 允许做某事 allow sb to sth 允许某人做某事
The problem allows of only one solution 容许/ 得 Has everything allowed for in your plan 考虑到
make / let / have sb do sth 使某人做某事 get / cause / force sb to do sth使某人做某事
3. get stuck 遇到困难 / 陷进去 get about 传开/走动 get in with 巴结 get rid of 除掉 get at了解/查明
get sb down 使…失望 get through 完成 get through to 弄明白 get together 聚会
4. break away from 摆脱 / 脱离 break down 打破 / 坏掉 / 分解 break into / in pieces 成为碎片
break in 打断 break into = burst into 破门而入 burst into a laugh 哄堂大笑 break off 折断 / 中断
break out 爆发 break through 突围 break up 破裂 / 拆开 break with 戒除
5. in connection with 与…有关系/关于
6. be aware of 知道 / 意识到 be afraid of 害怕 be short of 缺乏 be sure of 对…有把握
be fond of 喜欢 be full of = be filled with be proud of 以…为豪
7. trail and error 反复实验/不断摸索
8. after all 毕竟 above all = most important of all 最重要的是 all alone 独自 all along 始终 all at once = all of a sudden = suddenly 突然 all but 几乎 all in all 总的说来 go all out 竭尽全力 all over 全部
all the same 尽管如此/ 仍然 all through 整个…期间 all together 一道儿 all up 彻底完蛋
for all 尽管 once for all一劳永逸 in all = altogether = in total 总共 all the way 一路上/ 径直
first of all = at first 首先 all the time 总是
9. keep track of 保持联系 lose track of 失去联系 track and field 田径赛 off the track 偏离主题
on the track 正中主题 cover up one's track 隐匿行踪
10. throw away 扔掉 throw up 呕吐 throw oneself into…积极从事 throw off 匆匆脱掉/ 抛掉习俗
throw doubt on 对…产生怀疑 throw light on 使清楚/ 提供线索 throw out扔出
throw aside 扔在一边
11. be tired of 对…厌烦 be tired from / with 因…而累 be tired out = give out 精疲力竭
12. come up with = put forward 提出… come up 走进 come up against 遭遇 come up to 符合
come out 出版/发表
13. have much in common 有许多共同之处 common sense 常识 out of common 异乎寻常
the common people 普通人 in common with 与…一样
14. think about 认真考虑 think out 精心想出 think over 仔细考虑 think up 想出 think of想到
15. a matter of life and death 生死攸关之事 as a matter of fact 事实上 in the matter of 在…方面上
for the matter 进一步来说
16. bring to one's knowledge 让某人知道 come to one' s knowledge 传到某人耳朵里
have a good knowledge of 对…熟悉
17. move toward 向…迈进 move in 搬家 move on 继续前进 / 转话题 move out 搬出去
move about / round 到处走动 move off 离去/ 走掉 be moved with 受…感动
18. as with = as to = as for 就…而言
19. attempt to do = attempt doing = make an attempt to do = make an attempt at doing = try to do = seek to do…试图做…
20. be similar to 与…相类似 now that 既然
Unit. 19
1. There is no denying the fact that… 不容否认的事实是… She denied having been there. 否认去过那儿
deny oneself to 不会见…
2. pay back 偿还/ 报答 pay taxes纳税 pay in 交款 pay a vsit to 参观… pay sb out 报复某人
pay off 还清 pay money for sth = buy sth for money 付钱买东西
run / get into debt 欠债 be in debt to sb= owe sb a debt欠某人的债 get out of debt 摆脱债务
be heavily / deeply in debt 债台高筑
3. have mercy on = show mercy to / on 对…表示怜悯 at the mercy of 任凭…摆布/ 在…支配下
without mercy 残忍地 beg for mercy 求饶
4. go about 开始做/ 着手干 go after 追求 go around传开 go with 赞同 go against 违反
go back to = date back to = date from追溯到 go with 赞同 go back on 违背 go through浏览
go in for 喜欢 go for 袭击/ 喜欢
5. as far as I know 就我所知 as far as it goes 就现状来说 A story is going about that… 据传说
6. feel envy at 对…感到妒忌
7. be accused of = be charged with 被…控告
8. in consequence = as a result 因此 in consequence of 由于…的缘故
9. make a fortune 发财 have good fortune 运气好 tell sb one's fortune 给某人算命
10. tear up 撕毁 / 取消 be torn open 被撕开 tear apart 拆散 tear off 扯掉 tear away 勉强离去
tear oneself away from 忍痛舍去
11. go down on one's knees = be onone's knees跪下
12. pass judgement on 对…宣判
13. A 是B的三倍:A is 3 times the size of B = A is 3 times as big as B = A is 3 times bigger than B
14.seat yourself = sit down = take a seat = take your place = be seated 就坐
15. offer up 奉献 offer advice 提出劝告 offer sth for money 出价… make an offer to do sth 想要做…
offer oneself to 献身于
16. take sb in one's arms 拥抱某人
17. forgive sb for sth / doing sth 原谅某人某事
18. upon his death = when he died
19. leave sth to sb 把…留给某人 leave it to sb to do sth 委托某人干某事 leave sb by oneself 单独留下某人
leave alone 别管 leave behind 留下 leave for = start out for 动身往 leave off 停止/ 脱掉
leave out 漏掉
20. come to sb for help = turn to sb for help = ask sb for help 向某人求助 ask for leave 请假 be on leave 休假
21. promise to do sth 许诺做… break one's promise 食言 stick to / keep one's promise 信守诺言
carry out a promise履行诺言 make a promise 许诺
22. on one condition 有一个条件 on condition that = as long as 只要 on no condition 决不
in good condition 状况良好 out of condition = out of order 出故障
23. desire sb to do sth 希望某人做… desire that …should do 渴望 desire doing = desire to be done 渴望做
satisfy one's desire = meet one's demand 满足某人的欲望 have no desire for… 对…没有欲望
have a strong desire to do sth 急于想做某事
Unit. 20
1. It is curious that …做某事很奇怪 be curious about 对…好奇 be curious to do = be eager to do 渴望做.
2. dozens of 许多 two dozen eggs 两打鸡蛋 some dozen (of) people two dozen of my / the books
a dozen and a half = one and a half dozen 18个
3. I have no time to spare 腾出 Can you spare a ticket for me 匀出 spare no efforts / expense 不遗余力
in one's spare / free time
4. tend to 朝某方向/ 趋于tend to one's affairs 照料事务 tend to improve working condtions 有助于
5. the average man 普通人 average out 批评 / 达到平均数 on average 平均
6. link theory with practice 理论联系实践 link up 把…连接起来 When shall we link up 集合/ 碰头
link (up) with = connect with 与…相连接 be linked to 与…相联系 have trade links with 与…贸易往来
7. the monument to the People's Heroes 人民英雄纪念碑
8. home and foreign afiars 内政外交 see sb home 送某人回家 make oneself at home 别拘束
be / feel at home 安适 homesick 想家的 homeless无家可归
9. in terms of 就…而言 / 从…角度来说 in the long term就长期而言 be on good / friendly terms with 与…交情好 be on speaking terms with sb 与某人交谈投机 on no terms 决不
come to terms with sb 与某人达成协议 for a term of 4 years 期限4年
10. in the eyes of 在…看来
11. be distant towards sb 对某人冷淡 a distant look 茫然表情 in the distant 在远处
keep sb at a distance 保持疏远 keep one's distance 不亲近
12. lend a hand 帮助 hand in hand 携手 in hand 手头上 on / at hand 在手边/ 即将来临 by hand手工
on one hand… on the other hand 一方面…另一方面 hand down = pass down 流传 hand over 移交
hand sth out to sb 分配 hand in = turn in 上交 hand out 分发 have a hand in 参与/ 插手
in the hands of … 在…的掌握中 give sb a hand 帮忙 shake hands with sb 握手
13. serve as 作为 / 当作
14. dig for gold 挖掘黄金 dig into a book 抠书本 dig out 查出 dig down 挖下去 / 掏腰包
15. be interested in = take / have / feel an interest in 对…感兴趣 be of great interest = be very interesting
16. go on a holiday 去度假 be on a holiday 在度假中 make holiday 度假
have a holiday = take a holiday 休假
17. as a whole 总体上 as usual 象往常一样 as well as 也 as follows 如下 as long as 只要]
18. from all sides 从四面八方 from side to side side by side 并排
be on one' s side = be on the side of sb = take sides with = take the side of 支持某人
19. give sb an idea of 使某人想到 a man of ideas 有见解之人 have no idea = don't know
20. over a distance of…跨越…的距离 cover an area of… 占地…面积
21. come into conflict with与…发生争执 bring sb into conflict 使某人与…发生争执
be in conflict with sb与某人意见不一 be in conflict 不一致
22. I wonder what life was like…不知道生活会怎样… no wonder 难怪 do / work wonders 创造奇迹
wonder at / about doing sth 对…感到惊讶 It is a wonder that … 说来也怪… in wonder 惊讶
23. as a result of = thanks to = because of = owing to = due to = on account of 由于
24. 情态动词 + have + 过去分词
must have done 过去一定做了某事
can't / couldn't have done 过去绝对没做某事
may / might have done 过去可能做了某事
needn't have done 过去本没必要做某事但做了
could have done 过去本来能够做某事而没做
should / ought to have done 过去本应该做某事而没做
shouldn't / oughtn't to have done 过去本不应该做某事而做了

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