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高考英语容易做错的题(思维定势)
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:星沙英语网 | 文章录入:henry982 | 更新时间:2008-1-7 | 字体: |

61.He just does what he pleases and never _____ about anyone else.
 A. think    B. thinks    C. thinking    D. thought
  答案选B,thinks与前面的does为并列谓语,同用一般现在时。
62.I don't know whether to stay in teaching or _____ another job.
  A. trying getting    B. to try to get    C. trying to get    D. try get
  答案选B,to stay in teaching与to try to get another job为两个并列的选择成分,故同用不定式。另外比较:try to do sth=设法做某事,try doing sth=做某事看看有何效果。
63.Please make my excuse at tomorrow's meeting—I've got too much work _____.
  A. to do to come    B. doing coming   C. to do coming     D. doing to come
  此题最佳答案为A,不定式to do与have got much work搭配,即have got much work to do (有许多工作要做);不定式to come与much前的too搭配,构成too ... to ...句式,全句意为“我有太多的工作要做,不能来”
64. He was not an actor, who often appeared on stage, _____ a writer, writing stories.
A. but      B. and     C. then    D. so  答案选A,主要考查not ... but ...结构。
65.There are five pairs, but I'm at a loss which _____ to buy.
  A. to be chosen   B. to choose from  C. to choose   D. for choosing
  此题容易误选C,其实应选B。choose表示“选择”,其实是指“选择出来”(pick out),而不是指“从……选择”,要表示后者的意思,要用choose from,有时也用choose among。同样地,下面两例中的介词from也不可省略:
  Here are some books for you to choose from. 这些书可供你选择。
  There are too many cakes to choose from. 蛋糕太多了,不知要选哪个好。
  比较: He didn't know what to choose.他不知道选什么。
          He didn't know what to choose from.他不知道从哪儿去选。
66.They kept trying _____ they must have known it was hopeless.
  A. if     B. because  C. when    D. where
  此题最佳答案为C,when在此的意思不是“当……的时候”,而是“尽管”、“虽然”的意思。又如:He walks when he might take a taxi.尽管他可以坐出租车,但他却走路。He stopped trying when he might have succeeded next time.尽管他本来下次就可以成功的了,但他却停止努力了。The boy was restless when he should have listened to the teacher carefully.这男孩子本来应该专心听老师讲的,但他却坐立不安。
  有许多同学只知道when表示“当……的时候”,而不知道它还有其他许多意思,除上面提到的表示“尽管”、“虽然”外,when还可表示“既然”、“考虑到”。如:Why do you want a new job when you've got such a good one already? 既然你有了这么好的一份工作,你为什么还要找新的工作呢?
67. He is a man of few words, and seldom speaks until _____ to.
  A. spoken    B. speaking C. speak    D. be spoken
此题容易误选B,认为until是介词,后接动词时用动名词形式。其实,此题应选A,until spoken to为until he is spoken to之省略。句意为“他是个沉默寡言的人,别人不同他说话,他很少同别人说话”。按英语习惯,一些表示时间、地点、条件、方式、让步等的状语从句,若其主语与主句主语一致,且从句谓语包含动词be,那么可将从句的主语和动词be省略:
  You must study hard while (you are) young, or you will regret when (you are) old.趁年轻时要努力学习,不然到老了你会后悔的。
I won't go unless (I am) invited. 我不会去,除非请我。
Look out for cars when (you are) crossing the streets.过马路时要注意汽车。
While (I was) waiting I was reading some old magazines.等的时候我在看一些旧杂志。
He worked very hard though (he was) still rather poor in health.尽管身体还不好,但他仍努力工作。
He will work hard wherever (he is) sent by the Party.无论党把他派往哪里,他都会努力工作。
68.If _____ carefully, the experiment will be successful.
 A. do    B. does    C. done    D. doing答案选C,可视为if it is carefully done之省略。
69. The research is so designed that once _____ nothing can be done to change it.
 A. begins  B. having begun  C. beginning  D. begun 答案选D,可视为once it is begun之省略。
70.In that month, he earned as much as, if ____ than, $40 000.
  A. no more    B. not more C. no much    D. not much
  此题最佳答案应是B。if not more than实际为if he didn't earn more than $40 000之省略。请看类似试题(答案均选B):
  (1) Her pronunciation is as good as, if ____than, her teacher's.
  A. no better    B. not better    C. no good    D. not good
  (2) This church is as old as, if _____ than, that one.
  A. no older    B. not older   C. no old    D. not old
  (3) He has read the book as many as, if _____ than, five times.
  A. no more     B. not more    C. no much    D. not much
71.He told me the news_____, believe it or not, he had earned $1 000 in a single day.
  A. that     B. which    C. as      D. because
 此题容易误选B,误认为这是非限制性定语从句。其实此题应选A,that引导的是一个用以修饰名词the news的同位语从句。不少同学之所以误选B,正是believe it or not(信不信由你)这个插入成分惹的祸。
72.“Each of the students, working hard at his or her lessons,___to go to university.”  “So do I.”
  A. hope   B. hopes  C. hoping   D. hoped
  此题应选B,句子的真正主语是each of the students,横线处填的hopes是句子谓语,其中的working hard at his or her lessons是插入句中修饰主语的非限制性定语。
 (1) Each of the students, hoping to pass the exam, _____the book.
  A. buying    B. having bought    C. should buy    D. to buy
答案选C,each of the students是句子主语,横线处为句子谓语,hoping to pass the exam是修饰句子主语的非限制性定语。
  (2) Many countries, for example, Mexico and Japan, _____a lot of earthquakes.
  A. have    B. having    C. to have    D. having had
答案选A,many countries是句子主语,横线处为句子谓语。
73.“I haven't heard from Henry for a long time.” “What do you suppose_____ to him?”
  A. was happening     B. to happen C. has happened    D. had happened
  此题容易误选B,认为动词suppose后接动词用不定式。正确答案应是C,其中的do you suppose是插入成分。
请看以下类例情形(答案均选D):
  (1) Who do you think _____the money?
  A. to steal    B. stealing    C. to have stolen    D. stole
  (2) What do you suppose _____ him think so?
  A. to make    B. making    C. to have made    D. made
  (3) Who do you guess _____ to the station to meet her?
  A. to go    B. going    C. to have gone    D. went
  (4) What do you imagine _____ him from going?
  A. to prevent   B. preventing  C. to have prevented   D. prevented
以下各例中的do you think (believe, guess, etc)也是插入成分,但其后接的句子用陈述句语序:Who do you think he will marry?你认为他会同谁结婚?What do you think we should give her?你认为我们该给她点什么呢?When do you believe he will come?你认为他会什么时候来?What do you guess he wants to buy?你猜他想买什么呢?
74.An awful accident, however, _____occur the other day.
  A. does    B. did  C. has to    D. had to
  此题正确答案应选B,句末的the other day意为“前几天”,所以句子应用过去时态,而选项D填进去不合题意,故选B。此句有两个难点:一是句中插有however一词,分散了同学们的注意力;二是所填选项B为许多同学所不熟悉的强调用法。
  (1) Your mother, however, ____ say that to us that day.
  A. does   B. did    C. is doing    D. was doing
  (2) Our math teacher, however, _____ speak English well.
  A. doing   B. does     C. is doing     D. was doing
 以上两题答案均选B,其中的does, did均为强调用法。
75.“Where is it?” “Where is _____? I don't know what do you mean?”
  A. what    B.    that    C. where    D. so
 此题应选A。许多同学认为“疑问词”只能出现在句首位置,对于选A认为不可理解。其实在某些特殊语境中,疑问词出现在句中甚至句末却是完全可能的,但这多半是因为有特殊的语境或使用的句式比较特殊。上面一题选what的原因是:上句问Where is it?(它在什么地),但听话人对此句中代词it指代什么东西并不清楚,所以他反问:Where is what?(什么在什么地方?)其实,这类用法在口语中经常使用。如:
  Who said what to whom?谁对谁说了什么?
  “Who took it?” “Who took what?”“谁把它拿走了?”“谁把什么拿走了?”
  It was so dark I couldn't tell who was who.当时一片漆黑,我分不清哪个是哪个。
  “We are ready. Let's begin.” “Ready for what?”“我们准备好了,开始吧。”“准备干什么?”
  “What are you going to do next fall?” “Next what?”“下一个秋季你打算要干什么?”“你说下一个什么?”
  They look exactly the same, and I really don't know which is which.它们看起来一模一样,我实在分不清哪个是哪个。
76.He suggested the person referred _______ put into prison.
   A. is              B. be           C. to be           D. should be
答案解析:此题应选C. referred to 过去分词作定语,be put into prison是宾语从句的谓语部分。学生由于粗心,容易误选B或者D。
77.—Must I turn off the gas after cooking ?  --Of course . You can never be ___ careful with that.
   A.enough          B.too            C.so             D.very
答案解析:选B。can / could not...too是一个固定搭配,表示“无论怎样也不过分;此句话的汉语意思是:- 做完饭后一定要把煤气关掉吗?- 当然,你越小心越好。 有些学生误认为can never be too…是一个孤立的结构,而逐字翻译,从而误选D。
78. If you _____ stop smoking , you can only expect to have a bad cough .
A. won't       B. would not      C. do not       D. can not
答案是A项。will除了用作表示将来时的助动词外,还可用来强调愿意或不愿意。又如:
If you will would wait a moment , I will fetch the money .
79.It's nearly seven o'clock . Jack _____ be here at any moment .
 A. must    B. need   C. should     D. can
答案是C项。根据语境空白处应填表示具有"随时可能"意义的情态动词。虽然can可以表示可能性,但它往往表示的是对这种可能性的怀疑。例如:Can he still be alive after all these years ? (这么多年之后,他还可能活在人世吗?) should除具有"应该"词义之外,还有一个含义是:will probably (将来很可能发生)又如:His uncle is working among the enemy officials now . Dangerous things should happen to him at any time . (他的叔叔现在在敌人的军营中工作,危险的事随时都可能发生在他身上。)
80.We're leaving at six o'clock , and hope _____ most of the journey by lunch time .
A. to do        B. to have done        C. to make         D. to have made
答案是B项。要答对这道题需要两方面的知识。一是不定式的完成体用来表示这个动作发生在谓语动作之前,或是表示该动作的完成。本题中的不定式的完成体表示的正是该动作的完成,因此这句话可改写为:We're leaving at six o'clock , and hope that we will have done most the journey by lunch time . (我们将在六点时动身,希望在午饭前走完大半路程。)第二,知识是与journey连用的不同的动词所具有的不同的内涵。词组to make a journey或to go on a journey 都表示"做一次旅行",在这两个词组里a journey是一个整体,但是如果要表示旅程中的一部分,正确的英语则使用do这个动词,例如:do some / much / most of the journey (走完这个旅程的一部分/大部分/绝大部分)
81.Do you consider it any good _____ the truck again ?
A. to repair        B. repairing       C. repaired       D. being repairing
答案是B项。在这个句子中it是形式宾语,如果这样的句子中出现了any good , no good , any use 或 no use,就该使用动名词来作句中真正的宾语。
82.Let us not waste ______ time we have left .
the little     B. little      C. a little       D. a little more
答案是A项,一般地说,不定代词many , little或few前是不许使用定冠词的,但是如果它们修饰的名词有特指或限定意义时,它们前面就应使用定冠词了。如:I soon finished the few books she had lent me . (她借给我的那几本书,我很快就看完了。)又如:We must make full use of the contradictions among the enemies , winning over the many and opposing the few . (我们必须充分利用敌人的内部矛盾,争取多数,反对少数。)
83.I think the doctor is able to care of _____ is the matter with your son .
A. all   B. what    C. whatever     D. anything
答案是C项。whatever具备两个意思,其一是no matter what , 引导让步状语从句;其二是anything that , 引导名词性从句,在本题中,Whatever 引导的是一个宾语从句,whatever在这个宾语从句被用作主语。
84.It is what you do rather than what you say______matters. (2005天津卷)
A. that     B. what   C. which    D. this 
分析:答案是A。由语境和句子结构可知,该句为强调句型,被强调部分是由rather than连接的并列主语从句担当。
85. He is only too ready to help others, seldom, ____, refusing them when they turn to him.
A. if never B. if ever C. if not D. if any
B  本题考查考生在语境中灵活运用、辨析短语用法的能力,此处seldom,if ever是一个短语,是“从不,决不”的意思。
86. ——What should I wear to attend his wedding party?  ——Dress ____ you like.
A. what   B. however   C. whatever   D. how
本题however you like相当于in whatever way you like,根据语境,不难判断出B为正确答案。
87.--The weather is too cold ____ March this year.  —It was still ____when I came here years ago.
  A. for; colder   B. in; cold   C. in; hot   D. for; hotter
A  本题考查考生运用介词和比较级的能力。for在这里是“就……而言”的意思,而第二个选项要抓住信息词still在此处的妙用,它是用来修饰比较级的,加上上文的cold,在此处就不难选择colder了。
88. ——When did it begin to snow?    ——It started ____ the night.
A. during   B. by   C. from   D. at
A  考查介词表示时间的用法。during the night的意思为“在晚上的某个时间”。

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