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高考英语短语动词归纳及练习
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry982 | 更新时间:2008-1-7 | 字体: |

英语短语动词归纳及练习(一)

1. add to增加 增进        add up to 加起来是, 所有这一切说明
(1) This of course _______ our difficulties.
(2) The figures _______ 360.
(3) I don’t think these facts will _______ anything.
(4) The music _____ our enjoyment of the film.
2. break away from  逃脱,摆脱,破除,改掉   
break in 强行进入,插话
break into 强行进入,突然开始   
break down 身体垮了,(计划)失败,(机器等)坏了  
break out  爆发,突然发生           
break up 散会,(会议)结束,学期结束
break off 中断,断绝
(5) The thief _____ the police and ran into the woods.
(6) Don’t _____ while others are speaking.
(7) Then the car I was in _____, so I had to walk home.
(8) A house was ________ between midnight and 4 a.m.
(9) Excuse me for _______ like this , said the headmaster.
(10)  We thought it was time to _____ the talk.
(11) A big fire _____ in the town last night.
(12) After ten years of hard work, his health is______.
(13) The meeting _____ without result.
(14) When does school_______?
3. bring about 引起,实现,使发生             bring down 使下降,使倒下
bring in 收庄稼,提出                bring out 说明,出版
bring up 提出,抚养,培养            bring back 使回想起
(15) The wind _____ a lot of trees last night.
(16) Xiao Li was ______ by his uncle in Shanghai.
(17) How can we _____ the price?
(18) This story ______ my unhappy childhood.
(19) This _____ a change in the balance of force.
(20) Farmers in the south have also ______ good crops.
(21) Next month they will ________ a new edition of book.
(22) Does anyone want to ____ anything further?
4. call at 停留,停靠              call for叫(某人)接某人,索取,需要有
 call in 来访,找(请)来,收回    call off 取消,不举行
 call on 拜访,号召                call out大声叫,请去      
  call up给---大电话,征召(入伍)
(23) He was ______ right at the beginning of the war.
(24)  Doctors are often ______ in the middle of the night.
(25)  The sports meet was ______ on account of the rain.
(26)  The next day I went to ______ her again.
(27) He insisted that we should _____ a specialist at this point.
(28) The librarian has _____ all the books.
(29)  Please wait for me at home. I’ll _____ you at your house at seven tonight.
(30) The train ______ several big cities between Beijing and Guangzhou.
5. come about  (某情况)发生                come across 碰到    
 come along  一道去,赶快,生长,进行     come in 进来(站),存在
 come down  下降,下落,传下来,传病      come for  来拿,来取     
 come  from 出身于,来自                come out 出版,开花  
come to  来到(某地),来参加(某项活动),合计,总共计,苏醒过来
come up   走过来, 出现
(31) Seeing the teacher_______, we all stopped talking.
(32)  The magazine _____ once a month.
(33)  I think the roses will ______ next week.
(34)  Where do you _________?
(35)  I ______ the book I lent you last month.
(36) I don’t know how this thing_____?
(37)  I am going to Shanghai tomorrow. Perhaps I will _____ Xiao Li there.
(38)  We are very glad that some prices have ________.
(39) Let’s wait till the train________.
(40)  Please don’t keep him out in the cold. Let him_______.
(41) How are you _____ with the plan for your factory buildings?
(42) When I _______, I found myself lying in hospital.
(43) How much does the bill _______?
(44) We walked and walked, in the end we _____ a small mountain village.
6.    cut down 消减,压缩,缩短      cut off   切断,断绝 
  cut out 删(省)掉,戒掉
(45) We must _______ our expenses.
(46) We were for _______ the cost of production.
(47) Let’s ________ the unimportant details.
(48) They were then almost completely ________ from the outside world.
7.get along  进行,相处               get back回来,找回
get down记下来,打下来            get over 克服 
get on 上(火车,公共汽车等),相处,进行
get off 下(火车,公共汽车等)起飞,不惩罚
 get out  拔出,洗掉,传出去         get rid of 消灭,摆脱,除掉
get up  起床,起身                 get to 到达
 get round 传开                   get in touch with 和…..取得联系
(49) He _____ the watch he had lost.
(50) She spoke so fast that I couldn’t ________ what she said.
(51) On the way to school, I saw Xiao Li _______ Bus No.1.
(52)  You won’t _____ so easily next time.
(53)  _____ the rope, and I’ll try my best to pull you out.
(54) At what time do you _____ every day?
(55) How are you ______ with your work?
(56) We will find ways to _____ the difficulties.
(57) Only in this way can you _____ your headache.
(58) Write to us when you _______ Shanghai.
(59) The story has______, and everyone knows about it.
(60) When you arrive, you may ________ a friend of mine- Linda.
8. give in 屈服,让步,投降                  give off  散发出
  give out  分发,用完                   give up放弃
(61) After the 90th failure, he was almost ready to ________.
(62) These flowers ______ a pleasant smell.
(63) After two months our food _______.
(64) The doctor advised my father to _______ smoking.
(65)  We decided to _______ to the wish of the majority.
9.go against 违反      go  ahead进行,进展,先走,走在前面,干吧,说吧    
 go all out全力以赴                go down 下降,减弱
go in for 从事(某种事业或活动)   go off 爆炸   
  go on 继续下去,发生,进行      go out 熄灭            
go over 审阅,检查              go round   够用,够分配
go down on one’s knees 屈膝下跪
(66) His actions ______ the will of the people.
(67) We shall have to _______ if we are to make a success of it.
(68) The prices are expected to _______ in two months.
(69) If you think that you can solve the problem, ________.
(70) He ______ and begged for mercy.
(71) A lot of students _________ playing basketball, football, and volleyball.
(72) The bomb _____ and killed ten people.
(73) What’s ________ outside?
(74) How did you _________in your examination?
(75) Suddenly all the light _______ and the room became dark.
(76) He ______ our written material word for word to correct and improve it.

10. have a word with 和…..讲句话         have a good time过得很好
  had better  最好…..                    have on  穿着  
  have to do with和…..有关系
(77) Excuse me, may I ______ you?
(78) Did you ____ at the party?
(79) That _____ nothing  _____ what we are discussing.
(80) It’s cold outside, you ______ put on your overcoat.
(81) Where did you get the shoes you ________ yesterday?
11. hear about 听到,听说           hear form 接到…..的信,从…..听到
   hear out  听完(别人的话)       hear of 听到说起
(82) Have you _______ the accident that happened the other day?
(83) I’ve just ______ Xiao Li that we’ll have an English examination next week.
(84) I don’t know him, but I’ve _____ him.
(85) I haven’t _____ my parents for a long time.
(86) Stop talking! Please ___ me_____.

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