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高考英语单词拼写注意问题及演练
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry | 更新时间:2008-12-26 | 字体: |

高考英语单词拼写注意的问题及演练

一、注意词性
如下列情形在中文看来,似乎要用名词, 而其实要用形容词(因为它们是作定语的):
(1) As we all know, France is an______(欧洲) country.
(2) Mr Black devoted himself to______(科学) experiment.
(3) He took an active part in the_____(革命) movement at that time.
答案应该是:(1)European (2)scientific (3)revolutionary
答案不能是:(1)Europe  (2)science(3)revolution

二、注意动词形式
涉及动词拼写的句子, 要根据句子的时态和语态等信息来决定所拼写动词的形式(是用现在分词、过去分词、还是用动词原形等):
(1) I have _____(分开) the good apples from the bad ones.
(2) At first he wasn’t ____(认出) by the enemy.
(3) All the people in the country were____(庆祝) the great victory.
(4) It is necessary that the news be _____(宣布) at once.
答案应该是:(1)separated (2)recognized (3)celebrating (4)announced
答案不能是:(1)separate (2)recognize (3)celebrate  (4)announce

三、注意修饰关系
根据句子的修饰关系,正确选用适当的形容词或副词,也是考生要特别注意的:
(1) It is said the girl is _____ (严重) ill.
(2) He looks young, but _____(实际上) he is over 50 years old.
(3) It is ______(显然) that he has stolen the money.
答案应该是:(1)seriously (2)actually (3)obvious
答案不能是:(1)serious(2)actual(3)obviously

四、注意单复数
若所拼写的是名词,还要注意是用单数还是复数:
(1) Mr Smith is one of the _____(教授) who have cars of their own.
(2) With her help I have made great _____(进步) in my study.
(3) The world is made up of seven ______(洲) and four Oceans.
答案应该是:(1)professors (2)progress(3)continents
答案不能是:(1)professor  (2)progresses (3)continent
五、注意基数词和序数词
若所拼写的是数词,还要注意分清是基数词还是序数词:
(1) Today is my grandfather’s ______(九十) birthday.
(2) My grandfather is ______(九十) years old now.
(3) This is the _____(二十) English novel that I have read.
答案应该是:(1)ninetieth (2)ninety(3)twentieth
答案不能是:(1)ninety(2)ninetieth  (3)twenty
六、注意词语用法
有时这类题还可能涉及词语辨析与习惯用法:
(1) She’s bought some _____(衣料) to make herself a dress.
(2) I telephoned but nobody _____(接)
(3) For_____(各种) reasons, I prefer not to go with them.
答案应该是:(1)cloth(2)answered (3)various
答案不能是:(1)clothes/clothing (2)met/meet (3)different

单词拼写热点词:accept

一、单词拼写热点词考题小汇
■I am pleased that he gladly __________ (接受) our invitation.
■They offered me a ticket for the concert, and I a__________ it with delight.

二、单词拼写热点词用法说明
1. 接受,收
accept an invitation 接受邀请
Please accept my apologies. 请接受我的歉意。
After much consideration I accepted the offer. 经过仔细考虑,我接受了这个提议。
She offered him a lift and he accepted (it). 她请他坐她的车,他就领情了。
He asked her to marry him and she accepted him. 他向她求婚,她同意了。
Please accept my congratulations on your success. 请接受我对你成功的祝贺。
We cannot accept children above [over] the age of 10. 我们不能接受10岁以上的儿童。
To my delight my novel was accepted for publication. 使我高兴的是我的小说被接受出版了。
He accepted his friend’s challenge to swim across the river. 他接受朋友的挑战,比赛游过河去。
2. 同意,赞同
accept the judge’s decision 同意法官的判决
3.认为,相信
accept sth as true 信以为真
I can’t accept that he is to blame. 我认为不能怪他。
【辨析】accept 与receive:前者指主观上接受,后者指客观上收到:
He received the gift, but he did not accept it. 他收到这件礼物,但没有接受。
表示“接受礼物”,英语用 accept 不用 receive, 但是表示“接受教育”,英语通常是用 receive 而不用 accept。如:
A child receives its early education at home. 幼儿在家接受早期教育。
He was fortunate enough to receive a college education. 他有幸受过大学教育。

三、单词拼写热点词考题模拟
1.They offered me a job and I __________ (接受).
2. He __________ (接受) the invitation to stay with us.
3. His school reports said that he is always ready to __________ (接受) a challenge.
4. He’s not going to change, and you just have to a__________ it.
5. We have to __________ (接受) that this is not an ideal world.
6. You need to __________(接受) the fact that most of your problems are caused by jealousy.
7. Students a__________by Stanford Law School had very high scores on the LSAT.
8. The children gradually began to a__________ her as one of the family.
9. Sorry, we don’t __________ (收) travellers’ cheques.
10. She was a__________ (接受) as a full member of the society.
11. She was in London to a__________ an award for her latest novel.
12. I offered her an apology, but she wouldn’t a__________ it.
13. I a__________ full responsibility for the failure of the plan.
14. The new telephones will a__________ coins of any denomination.
15. We’ve offered her the job, but I don’t know whether she’ll a__________ it.
16. I’ve just __________ (接受) an invitation to the opening-night party.
17. I’ve been invited to their wedding but I haven’t decided whether to a__________.
18. The application must be in by the 31st to be a__________.
参考答案:
1. accepted  2. accepted  3. accept  4. accept  5. accept  6. accept  7. accepted  8. accept  9. accept  10. accepted
11. accept  12. accept  13. accept  14. accept  15. accept  16. accepted  17. accepted  18. accepted

单词拼写热点词:material

一、单词拼写热点词考题小汇
      ■She’s bought some ______(衣料) to make herself a dress.     
■The curtains are made from a very expensive m______ .
      ■When building ______ (材料) cost more, the price of houses increases.

二、单词拼写热点词用法说明
      material的主要用法如:
      1. [C,U]材料,原料
      The raw material is very cheap. 原料很便宜。
      Rubber is a widely used material. 橡胶是一种广泛使用的材料。
      When building materials cost more, the price of houses increases.
      建材价钱上涨,房价就跟着上涨。
      2. [C,U]布料
      The material feels like velvet. 这料子摸起来像丝绒。
      This material tears easily. 这个料子很容易被撕破。
      She bought some material(s) to make herself a dress. 她买了些布料要(给自己)做件衣服。
      I made the curtains, and there was enough leftover material for some
      cushion covers. 我做完窗帘,剩下的布料还足够做几个垫子。
      3. [U]资料,素材
      She’s collecting material for a book. 她正在为写书收集素材。
      We must provide good materials for developing the students’ reading
      skills. 我们必须提供好的阅读材料来培养学生的阅读能力。

 三、单词拼写热点词考题模拟
      1. __________ (材料) about recent research has been added to this new edition.
      2. The makers advise extreme caution when handling this _________(材料).
      3. The author included a new chapter of background ________ (材料) for the second edition of the book.
      4. The main disadvantage of the m ________  is that it fades in strong sunlight.
      5. All these __________ (材料) are found in nature.
      6. The cost of our raw __________ (材料) has risen significantly.
      7. His time here provided the raw m________ for his novel.
      8. I’m trying to match up this wallpaper with some suitable curtain m________.
      9. Prices of goods are governed by the cost of the raw m______ ,as well as by the cost of production and distribution.
      10. The new __________ (材料) allows the company to make gas pipes which
      withstand higher pressures.
      参考答案
      1. Material  2. material  3. material  4. material  5. materials
      6. materials  7. material  8. material  9. materials 10. material
单词拼写热点词:curious

一、单词拼写热点词考题小汇
■Children are ______(好奇) about everything around them.
■He was ______ (好奇) to know what was happening in the office. (2008年陕西卷)
【参考答案】两题均填curious。

二、单词拼写热点词用法说明
1. 表示“好奇的”“感兴趣的”,其后通常介词 about或不定式。如:
He’s curious to know what she said. 他想知道她说了什么。
I am curious to know where she found the money. 我奇怪她在哪儿找到钱的。
Hide it where curious eyes won’t see it. 把它藏在好事者看不见的地方。
The boy was curious about everything he saw. 这个小男孩对他所看到的一切都很好奇。
注:be curious 之后还可接从句,表示“感兴趣”,其谓语可用陈述语气也可用虚拟语气。如:
They are curious how it is [should be] made. 他们很想知道这是怎么做成的。
2. 表示“奇怪的”“不寻常的”。如:
He is suffering from a curious disease. 他患了一种怪病。
I heard a curious noise coming from above. 我从上面听到传来一个奇怪的声音。
注:有时后接从句,其谓语可以用陈述语气或虚拟语气。如:
It is curious that he didn’t tell you. 他没有告诉你,真是奇怪。
It’s curious that he should have asked such a question. 他居然问那样的问题,真是奇怪。

三、单词拼写热点词考题模拟
1. I was _________ (好奇) to hear what he would say.
2. I was _________ (好奇) to know what would happen next.
3. She was _________ (好奇) to know where we had been.
4. Babies are c_________ about everything around them.
5. It is good to be _________ (好奇) about the world around you.
6. Everybody on board was worried and we were _________(好奇) to find out what had happened.
【参考答案】均填curious。
 
四、单词拼写热点词考点拓展
注意 curiously 一词。请看几个例子:
Sue watched the monkeys curiously. 休好奇地观看猴子。
The passers-by looked into the window curiously. 过路的人好奇地往橱窗里瞧。
Curiously enough he had never seen the little girl. 说也奇怪他从未见过那个小姑娘。
Curiously enough, he seemed to know that already. 说也奇怪,他似乎已经知道这事了。

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