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点击下载 2008年高考英语试题-上海卷[word版] 完整版

第I卷   (105分)
II. Grammar and Vocabulary
Section A
Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B. C and D.   Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence.
25. The two sportsmen congratulated each other ______ winning the match by shaking hands.
A. with     B. on   C. in   D. to
26. -Do you want tea or coffee?
- ______ . I really don’t mind.
A. None    B. Neither    C. Either     D. All 
27. In my view, London’s not as expensive in price as Tokyo but Tokyo is ______ in traffic.
A. the most organized    B. more organized    C. so organized as   D. as organized as
28. -Do you know if Terry will go camping this weekend?
-Terry? Never! She ______ tents and fresh air!
A. has hated        B. hated    C. will hate    D. hates
29. According to the air traffic rules, you ______ switch off your mobile phone before boarding.
A. may      B. can       C. would     D. should
30. My sister, an inexperienced rider, was found sitting on the bicycle ______ to balance it.
    A. having tired       B. trying        C. to try      D. tried  
31. -Are you ready for Spain?
-Yes. I want the girls to experience that ______ they are young.
A. while     B. until        C. if          D. before  
32. In recent years many football clubs ______ as business to make a profit.
A. have run    B. have been run   C had been run   D. will run
33. If there's a lot of work______. I'm happy to just keep on until it is finished.
A. to do     B. to be doing   C. done    D. doing
34. As his best friend. I can make accurate guesses about ______ he will do or think.
A. what     B. which    C. whom    D. that
35. Something as simple as ______ some cold water may clear your mind and relieve pressure.
A. to drink    B. drinking    C to be drinking       D. drunk
36. It has been proved ______ eating vegetables in childhood helps to protect you against serious illnesses in later life.
A. if     B. because    C. when     D. that
37. Ideally ______ for Broadway theatres and Firth Avenue, the New York Park hotel is a favourite with many guests.
A. locating    B. being located   C. having been located  D. located
38. We went through a period ______ communications were very difficult in the rural areas.
A. watch     B. whose     C. in which    D. with which
39. So much of interest ______ that most visitors simply run out of time before seeing it all.
A. offers Beijing   B. Beijing offers  C. does Beijing offer  D. Beijing does offer
40.______well prepared you are, you still need a lot of luck in mountain climbing.
A. However    B. Whatever    C. No matter    D. Although

Section B
Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once.   Note that there is one word more than you need.
A. honored      B. set   C. historic     D. secretly      E. citizen
F. granted   G. route      H. briefly      I. restoration    J. leading

Frederick Douglass was an escaped slave in the movement that fought to end slavery in the United Stales. He became a  41  voce in the yean before the Civil War.
A few weeks ago, the National Park Service (NPS) _42_ Douglass's birth and Black History Month with the reopening of his home at Cedar Hill, a _43  site in Washington. D.C. The two-story house, which contains many of Douglass's personal possessions, had undergone a three-year _44 _. (Thanks to the NTS website, however, you don't have to live in the nation's capital to visit it. Take a tour online.)
He was born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey to a slave mother and a white father he never knew. Douglass grew up to become the first black _45  to bold a government office — as US minister and consul general (总领事) to Haiti.
As a youth, be never went to school. Educating slaves was illegal in the South, so be _46  taught himself to read and write. At 21 years old, he escaped from his slave owner to Massachusetts and changed his last name to Douglass, to hide his identity.
In the 1850s, Douglass was involved with the Underground Railroad, the system _47  up by antislavery groups to bring runaway slaves to the North and Canada. His home in Rochester, N.Y. was near the Canadian border. It became an important station on the _48 , housing as many as 11 runaway slaves at a time.
He died in 1895. In his lifetime, Douglass witnessed the end of slavery in 1865 and the adoption of the 15th Amendment to the US Constitution (美国宪法修正案), which _49  African-Americans the right to vote.

III. Reading Comprehension     
Section A
Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D.  Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.
People think children should play sports. Sports are fun, and playing with others. However, playing sports can have __50   effects on children. It may produce feelings of poor self-respect or aggressive behavior in some children. According to research on kids and sports, 40,000,000 kids play sports in the US. Of these, 18,000,000 say they have been __51   at or called names while playing sports. This leaves many children with a bad __52  of sports. They think sports are just too aggressive.
Many researchers believe adults, especially parents and coaches, are the main _53  of too much aggression ill children's sports. They believe children _54 _ aggressive adult behavior. This behavior is then further strengthened through both positive and negative feedback. Parents and coaches are powerful teachers because children usually look up to them. Often these adults behave aggressively themselves, sending children the message that__55   is everything. Many parents go to children's sporting events and shout __56 _ at other players or cheer when their child behaves __57__. As well, children arc even taught that hurting other players is _ 58 or are pushed to continue playing even when they are injured _59 , the media makes violence seem exciting. Children watch adult sports games and see violent behavior replayed over and over on television.
As a society, we really need to 60  this problem and do something about it. Parents and coaches _61 should act as better examples for children. They also need to teach children better__62  . They should not just cheer when children win or act aggressively. They should teach children to __63 _ , themselves whether they win or not. Besides, children should not be allowed to continue to play when they are injured. If adults allow children to play when injured, this gives the message that  __64   is not as important as winning.
50. A. restrictive B. negative C. active D. instructive
51. A. knocked B. glanced C. smiled D. shouted
52. A. impression B. concept C. taste D. expectation
53. A. resource B. cause C. course D. consequence
54. A. question B. understand C. copy D. neglect
55. A. winning B. practising C. fun D. sport
56. A. praises B. orders C. remarks D. insults
57. A. proudly B. ambitiously C. aggressively D. bravely
58. A. acceptable B. impolite C. possible D. accessible
59. A. By contrast B. In addition C. As a result D.Afterall
60. A. look up to B. face up to C. make up for D. come up with
61. A. in particular B. in all C. in return D. in advance
62. A. techniques B. means C. values D. directions
63. A. respect B. relax C. forgive D. enjoy
64. A. body B. fame C. health D. spirit

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