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2009年高考英语试题-浙江卷[word版]
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry | 更新时间:2009-6-9 | 字体: |

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In ancient Egypt, the pharaoh(法老)treated the poor message runner like a prince when he arrived at the palace, if he brought good news. However, if the exhausted runner had the misfortune to bring the pharaoh unhappy news, his head was cut off.
Shades of that spirit spread over today’s conversations. Once a friend and I packed up some peanut butter and sandwiches for an outing. As we walked light-heartedly out the door, picnic basket in hand, a smiling neighbor looked up at the sky and said, ”Oh boy, bad day for a picnic. The weatherman says it’s going to rain.”I wanted to strike him on the face with the peanut butter and sandwiches. Not for his stupid weather report, for his while
  Several months ago I was racing to catch  a him As I breathlessly put my handful of cash across the Grey hound counter, the sales agent said with a broad smile ,”Oh that bus left five minutes ago.”Dreams of head-cutting!
  It’s not the news that makes someone angry. It’s the unsympathetic attitude with which it’s the unsympathetic attitude with which it’s delivered. Everyone must give bad news from time to time, and winning professionals do it with the proper attitude. A doctor advising a patient that she needs an operation does it in a caring way. A boss informing an employee he didn’t get the job takes on a sympathetic tone. Big winners know, when delivering any bad news, they should share the feeling of the receiver.
Unfortunately, many people are not aware of this. When you’re tired from a long flight, has a hotel clerk cheerfully said that your room isn’t ready yet? When you had your heart set on the toast beef, has your waiter mainly told you that he just served the last piece? It makes you as traveler or diner want to land your fist right on their unsympathetic faces.
  Had my neighbor told me of the upcoming rainstorm with sympathy, I would have appreciated his warming .Had the Greyhound salesclerk sympathetically informed me that my bus had already left, I probably would have said, ” Oh, that’s all right I’ll catch the next one.” Big winners, when they bear bad news ,deliver bombs with the emotion the bombarded(被轰炸的)person is sure to have.
53.In Paragraph 1,the writer tells the story of the pharaoh to ____.
A. make a comparison      B. introduce a topic
C. describe a scene         D. offer an argument
54.In the writer’s opinion, his neighbor was ___.
A. friendly   B. warm-hearted    C. not considerate  D. not helpful
55.From “Dreams of head-cutting!”(Paragraph3),we learn that the writer___.
  A. was mad at the sales agent
  B. was reminded of the cruel pharaoh
  C. wished that the sales agent would have had dreams
  D. dreamed of cutting the sales agent’s head that night.
56.What is the main idea of the text?
A. Delivering bad news properly is important in communication.
B. Helping others sincerely is the key to business success.
C. Receiving bad news requires great courage.
D. Learning ancient traditions can be useful.
E
Four people in England back in 1953, stared at Photo 51,It wasn’t much—a picture showing a black X. But three of these people won the Nobel Prize for figuring out what the photo really showed –the shape of DNA The discovery brought fame and fortune to scientists James Watson, Francis Crick, and Maurice Wilkins. The fourth, the one who actually made the picture, was left out.
   Her name was Rosalind Franklin.”She should have been up there,” says historian Mary Bowden.” If her photos hadn’t been there, the others couldn’t have come up with the structure.” One reason Franklin was missing was that she had died of cancer four years before the Nobel decision. But now scholars doubt that Franklin was not only robbed of her life by disease but robbed of credit by her competitors
   At Cambridge University in the 1950s, Watson and Click tried to make models by cutting up shapes of DNA’s parts and then putting them together. In the meantime, at King’s College in London, Franklin and Wilkins shone X-rays at the molecule(分子). The rays produced patterns reflection the shape.
   But Wilkins and Franklin’s relationship was a lot rockier than the celebrated teamwork of Watson and Crick, Wilkins thought Franklin was hired to be his assistant .But the college actually employed her to take over the DNA project.
What she did was produce X-ray pictures that told Watson and Crick that one of their early models was inside out. And she was not shy about saying so. That angered Watson, who attacked her in return, “Mere inspection suggested that she would not easily bend. Clearly she had to to go or be put in her place.”
As Franklin’s competitors, Wilkins, Watson  and Crick had much to gain by cutting her out of the little group of researchers, says historian Pnina Abir-Am. In 1962 at the Nobel Prize awarding ceremony, Wilkins thanked 13 colleagues by name before he mentioned Franklin, Watson wrote his book laughing at her. Crick wrote in 1974 that  “Franklin was only two steps away  from the solution.”
 No, Franklin was the solution. “She contributed more than any other player to solving the structure of  DNA . She must be considered a co-discoverer,” Abir-Am says. This was backed up by Aaron Klug, who worked with Franklin and later won a Nobel Prize himself. Once described as the  “Dark Lady of DNA”, Franklin is finally coming into the light.

57. What is the text mainly about?
   A. The disagreements among DNA researchers.
   B. The unfair treatment of Franklin.
   C. The process of discovering DNA.
   D. The race between two teams of scientists.

58. Watson was angry with Franklin because she     .
   A. took the lead in the competition     B. kept her results from him
   C. proved some of his findings wrong    D. shared her data with other scientists

59. Why is Franklin described as  “Dark Lady of DNA”?
   A. She developed pictures in dark labs.
   B. She discovered the  black X-the shape of DNA.
   C. Her name was forgotten after her death.
   D. Her contribution was unknown to the public.

60. What is the writer’s attitude toward Wilkins, Watson and Crick?
  A. Disapproving.       B. Respectful.        C.  Admiring.      D. Doubtful.

第二节:Bryan、Olga、Scott、Anna、和David正在进行一项“企业家成功秘诀调查”。他们将采访几位企业家,第61-65题是他们拟定的采访话题。阅读下面刊登在Entrepreneur (《企业家》)杂志上6位企业家的成功感言(A、B、C、D、E和F),为每位采访者选定最佳采访对象,并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。选项中有一项是多余选项。
61.  Bryan: What comes first, the customer or the profit?
62.  Olga: How important is an entrepreneur’s ambition to his/her company’ growth?
63.  Scott: How does an entrepreneur make use of his/her advantages?
64.  Anna: Why do successful entrepreneurs seem to enjoy their work?
65.  David: What attitude should an entrepreneur have toward his/her social responsibilities?
 
A
Sheri Poe
Ryka Inc.
   Since I started this company in my
Kitchen seven years ago, I always dreamt of what it would be some day. Focusing on that goal helps me get through tough times. To get the kind of success that you want, you need to dream big. That’s the starting point. Every success story begins with big dreams. You need to have big dreams for yourself. like being somebody rich, famous or fulfilled. You need to have a clear goal of what you want to achieve.
 Also, I think it’s really important that the people you’re working with are as committed to the same goal as you are, so you can support each other and keep each other energetic.

B
Anita Roddick
The Body Shop Inc.
  In America. we have a shop in Harlem where 50 percent of the profits go into the community development. and the other 50 percent go toward the funding of a similar shop elsewhere in the United States. The pride that shop brings to the staff and local people inspired me.
  What The Body Shop does successfully is use our facilities in the street and shopping centers to talk about real human issues like AIDS. recycling, human rights, and community service or to encourage people to speak out against anything they consider to be unjust. Knowing our products are symbols of social change is really encouraging.

                 C
Ben Cohen
Ben & Jerry’s Homemade Inc.
I’m energized by the people I work with, I’m very relationship-driven, which I think is different from most entrepreneurs. I’m inspired by doing things that are not normal and that most people think don’t fit into the business world or don’t make any sense.
In business, you are judged by the company you keep-from your management  team, board of directors, and strategic partners, Maybe the lady you met in a trade association meeting can help you secure funding, or the gentleman at a conference can provide you width management advice.

                 D
Richard Melman
Lettuce Entertain You Enterprises
   Since I started this company in my
Kitchen seven years ago, I always dreamt of what it would be some day. Focusing on that goal helps me get through tough times. To get the kind of success that you want, you need to dream big. That’s the starting point. Every success story begins with big dreams. You need to have big dreams for yourself. like being somebody rich, famous or fulfilled. You need to have a clear goal of what you want to achieve.
 Also, I think it’s really important that the people you’re working with are as committed to the same goal as you are, so you can support each other and keep each other energetic.

                 E
Fank Toskan
Make-Up Art Cosmetics(M.A.C)
 One of the nicest things anyone ever said to me was .”I hate makeup, but I love M.A.C.” That’s what moves me on. Even people who don’t wear makeup can appreciate our company. what it stands for, its values. and the way we do business.
 We work from an inverted pyramid, where the customers are always at the top. Our customers inspire me and keep me going. They and our staff, not money, make me enthusiastic. IF I had stayed in this business just for the money ,I would have closed down years ago.

                 F
Kenneth Cole
Kenneth Cole Productions Inc
 You can’t be everything to everybody. Each of us has our own strengths and weaknesses. To be effective. You need to identify your strengths and concentrate on them. You’ll become more successful if you are able to channel your efforts to areas that you do best. In business, for example, if you know you are good at marketing, then give it full play. Seek help or assistance in areas that you may be poor at, such as accounting or bookkeeping. To turn your weakness into strength, consider taking hands-on learning or training.


2009年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试
英语

非选择题部分(共40分)

注意事项:
    用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔将答案写在答题纸上,不能答在试题卷上。

第三部分:写作(共两节,满分40分)
第一节:短文改错(共10小题; 每小题一分,满分10分)
    下面短文中有10处语法错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写上该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
      2.只允许修改10处,多者(从11处起)不计分。

例如:
It was very nice to get your invitation to spend ∧ weekend with you. Luckily
                                           The
I was/are completely free then, so I’ll to say “yes”. I’ll arrive in Bristol at around 8 p.m. in/on  Friday evening   


One rainy day while I was walking home with one of my friend, a truck came to a stop besides us. The driver put the window down and offered us a umbrella because he found we were wet through. I stood there and couldn’t believe in that a complete stranger is so thoughtful. The man insisted, so I grateful accepted the offer, thanked him and watched the truck disappear down the road. This man might need the umbrella himself, and he preferred to give it to everyone else. It was a lesson to us that it possible give without expect anything in return.

第二节:书面表达(满分30分)
5月1日。高二(3)班的学生志愿者Li Yue和Zhang Hua去阳光敬老院(Sunshine
Nursing Home)开展志愿者活动(送水果、打扫、聊天等)。假如你是校英语报的记者,请按下列要点用英语写一则100~120个词的新闻报道。
1. 时间、地点、人物、活动;
2. 老人们的反应;
3. 简短评论。
4. 注意:报道的标题和记者姓名已给出(不计词数)。


          Student Volunteers Brought Sunshine to the Elderly
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
                                                                         
By Chen Jie, School Newspaper

2009年普通高校招生考试浙江卷(英语)答案
第一部分
第一节(10分,每小题0.5分)
1. A  2. B   3. B  4. D  5. C  6. A  7. B
8. D  9. D  10. B   11. A 12. B 13. D 14. B
15. C 16. C 17. D 18. D 19. D 20. A
第二节(20分,每小题1分)
21. C  22. B 23. D 24. C 25. A 26. D 27. C
28. B 29. A 30. C 31. A 32. D 33. C 34. A
35. B 36. D 37.C  38. B 39. C 40. A
第二部分(50分,每小题2分)
41. A 42. B 43. C 44. C 45. B 46. B 47. C
48. D 49. C 50. D 51. C 52. B 53. B 54. C
55. A 56. A 57. B 58. C 59. D 60. A 61. E
62. A 63. F 64. D 65. B

第三部分
第一节(10分,每小题1分)
     One rainy day while I was walking home with one of my friend, a truck came to
friends
a stop besides  us. The driver put the window down and offered us  a  umbrella
beside                                             an
because he found we were wet through. I stood there and couldn’t believe in that a complete stranger  is  so thoughtful. The man insisted, so I  grateful  accepted
was                                 gratefully
the offer, thanked him and watched the truck disappear down the road. This man
might need the umbrella himself,  and  he preferred to give it to everyone
but                  Someone/somebody
else. It was a lesson to us that it was possible ∧ give without   expect   anything
to             expecting
in return.
第二节(30分)
Student Volunteers Brought Sunshine to the Elderly
    On May Day, Li Yue and Zhang Hua, students from Class Three, Grade Two, went to Sunshine Nursing Home and did some voluntary work. Upon their arrival, Li Yue and Zhang Hua were warmly welcomed, and respectfully, they presented the elderly with flowers and fruits. Then, they started working at once, cleaning the windows and sweeping the floor. Everything done, they sat in the yard chatting with the elderly people.
    When it was time for the volunteers to leave, the elderly people thanked them for their kindness. They said it was such a beautiful day that they would remember it forever.
    Li Yue and Zhang Hua were very happy. What they did has brought joy to others and enriched their own lives.
By Chen Jie, School Newspaper

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