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2009年高考英语试题-全国卷II[word版]
| 文章作者:佚名 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry | 更新时间:2009-6-10 | 字体: |

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2009年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试试题卷 英语
第一卷(选择题)
第一部分 英语知识运用(共三节,满分50分)
第一节 语音知识(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
例:have
A.gave      B. save      C. hat      D. made
答案是C。
1. July
A. diary       B. energy      C. reply       D. daily
2. medicine
  A. twice       B. medical     C. perfect      D. clinic
3. seize
  A. neighbour    B. weigh      C. eight        D. receive
4. determine
  A. remind       B. minister     C. smile       D. tidy
5. exist
  A. experience    B. examine     C. excite      D. explode

第二节  语法和词汇知识(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
     从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
例:It is generally considered unwise to give a child ____ he or she wants.
A. however     B. whatever      C. whichever      D. whenever
答案是B。
6. It is often _____ that human beings are naturally equipped to speak.
A. said          B. to say        C. saying       D. being said
7. Charles was alone at home, with _____ looking after him.
A. someone       B. anyone       C. not one       D. no one
8. Progress ______ so far very good and we sure that the work will be finished on time.
   A. was         B. had been      C. has been     D. will be
9. The children loved their day trip, and they enjoyed the horse ride ___.
   A. most          B. more          C. less         D. little
10. All the dishes in this menu, _____ otherwise stated, will serve two to three people.
   A. as           B. if              C. though       D. unless
11. I’m sure that your letter will get _____ attention .They know you’re waiting for the reply.
   A. continued     B. immediate       C. careful       D. general
12. The CDs are on sale!Buy one and you get ______ completely free.
   A. other        B. others           C. one          D. ones
13. Jenny nearly missed the flight ______ doing too much shopping.
   A. as a result of    B. on top of     C. in front of   D. in need of
14. What I need is _____ book that contains _____ ABC of oil painting.
   A. a;不填        B. the; 不填      C. the; an        D. a; the
15. If you leave the club, you will not be ______ back in.
   A. received    B. admitted        C. turned         D. moved
16. They use computers to keep the traffic ______ smoothly.
   A. being run      B. run          C. to run         D. running
17. My friend showed me round the town, ______ was very kind of him.
   A. which         B. that           C. where         D. it
18. It’s high time you had your hair cut; it’s getting _____.
   A. too much long               B. much too long  
C. long too much               D. too long much
19. ---- Do you mind my opening the window? It’s a bit hot in here .
   ---- ______, as a matter of fact.
   A. Go ahead               B. Yes, my pleasure       
C. Yes, I do                D. Come on
20. I can’t leave. She told me that I _____ stay here until she comes back.
   A. can           B. must             C. will        D. may

第三节  完形填空(共20小题;没小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
One of my father’s favorite sayings as I was growing up was “Try it!” I couldn’t say I didn’t like 21, whatever it might be, 22 I tried it. Over the years I’ve come to 23 how much of my success I owe to my 24 of those words as one of my values. My 25 job was just one I decided to try for a couple of years until I 26 what I wanted to do as a career (职业) .  27 I believed I would work for a few years, get married, stay home and raise a family, so I didn’t think the job I took 28 that much . I couldn’t have been more 29. I mastered the skills of that beginning level position and I was given the opportunity (机会) to 30 through the company into different 31. I adopted each new opportunity with the 32, “Well, I’ll try it; if I don’t like it I can always go back to my 33 position.” But I was with the same company for the past 28 years , and I’ve 34 every career change I’ve made. I’ve discovered I 35 a large number of different talents (才能) and skills that I never would have thought were within me had it not been for my being 36 trying new opportunities. I’ve also discovered that if I 37 what I’m doing and word hard at achieving my 38. I will succeed. That’s why I am so 39 to be a part of CareerFables.com. I think 40 has come and I am determined to make it a success.
21. A. everything     B. something   C. everybody    D. somebody
22. A. until after      B. ever since   C. so that       D. long before
23. A. consider      B. argue        C. include      D. realize
24. A. suggestion    B. explanation   C. acceptance     D. discussion
25. A. hard         B. best         C. extra         D. first
26. A. determined    B. examined   C. experienced    D. introduced
27 A.  Actually     B. Gradually     C. Finally       D. Usually
28. A. helped       B. required      C. expressed      D. mattered
29. A. careful      B. mistaken      C. interested      D. prepared
30. A. look up      B. take up       C. move up       D. put up
31. A. situations    B. choices       C.  directions     D. positions
32. A. thought     B.  reply        C. action         D.  advice
33. A. easier      B.  newer        C.  earlier        D.  higher
34. A. permitted    B. counted      C. organized      D. enjoyed
35. A. show       B. possess       C. need         D. gather
36. A. lucky for    B. slow at       C. open to       D. afraid of
37. A. think of     B. give away     C. believe in     D. turn into
38. A. business    B. goal         C. fortune       D. growth
39. A. excited     B. curious       C. surprised     D. helpful
40. A. dream      B. time         C. power       D. honor

第二部分  阅读理解 (共25小题。 第一节每小题2分,第二节每小题1分;满分45分)
第一节  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
   I know what you’re thinking: pizza(比萨饼)? For breakfast? But the truth is that you can have last night’s leftovers in the a.m. if you want to.
   I know lots of women who skip breakfast (不吃早饭), and they have a ton of different excuses for doing it. Some say they don’t have time, others think they’re “saying” calories (卡路里),still others just don’t like breakfast food .
   But the bottom line is that eating in the morning is very important when you’re trying to lose weight .  “Eating just about anything from 300 to 400 calories would be better than nothing at all,” says Katherine Brooking, R.D. ,  who developed the super-easy eating plan for this year’s “SELF CHALLENGE”. And even pizza can be healthy if it’s loaded with vegetables, and you stick to one small piece.
   Breakfast is one meal I never miss, and the same goes for most weight loss success stories. Research shows that eating breakfast keeps you from overeating later in the day. Researchers at the University of Southern California found that breakfast skippers have a bigger chance of gaining weight than those who regularly have a morning meal.
   So eat something in the morning, anything. I know plenty of friends who end up having no breakfast altogether, and have just coffee or orange juice. I say, try heating up last night’s leftovers – it may sound crazy, but if it works for you, do it! I find if I tell myself, “You can always eat it tomorrow.” I put away the leftovers instead of eating more that night. Try it … you may save yourself some pre-bedtime calories. And watch your body gain the fat-burning effects. 
41. The word “leftovers” in paragraph I probably means  ______.
   A. food remaining after a meal           B. things left undone
   C. meals made of vegetables            D. pizza topped with fruit
42. What can we infer from the text?
   A. Working women usually have breakfast in a hurry.
   B. Many people have wrong ideas about breakfast.
   C. There are some easy ways of cooking a meal.
   D. Eating vegetables helps save energy.
43. According to the last paragraph, it is important to _______.
   A. eat something for breakfast      B. be careful about what you cat
   C. heat up food before eating it      D. cat calorie-controlled food
44. The text is written mainly for those _______.
   A. who go to work early            B. who want to lose weight
   C. who stay up late                D. who eat before sleep
B
   Having a husband means an extra seven hours of housework each week for women, according to a new study. For men, getting married saves an hour of housework a week. “It’s a well-known pattern,” said lead researcher Frank Stafford at University of Michigan’s Institute for Social Research. “Men usually work more outside the home, while women take on more of the housework.”
   He points out that differences among households (家庭) exist. But in general, marriage means more housework for women and less for men. “And the situation gets worse for women when they have children.” Stafford said.
   Overall, times are changing in the American home. In 1976, women busied themselves with 26 weekly hours of sweeping-and-dusting work, compared with 17 hours in 2005. Men are taking on more housework, more than doubling their housework hours from six in 1976 to 13 in 2005.
   Single women in their 20s and 30s did the least housework, about 12 weekly hours, while married women in their 60s and 70s did the most – about 21 hours a week.
   Men showed a somewhat different pattern, with older men picking up the broom more often than younger men. Single men worked the hardest around the house, more than that of all other age groups of married men.
   Having children increases housework even further. With more than three, for example, wives took on more of the extra work, clocking about 28 hours a week compared with husbands’ 10 hours.
45. According to the “well-known pattern” in Paragraph 1, a married man ________.
   A. takes on heavier work            B. does more housework
   C. is the main breadwinner           D. is the master of the house
46. How many hours of housework did men do every week in the 1970s?
   A. About 28                   B. About 26
   C. About 13                    D. About 6
47. What kind of man is doing most housework according to the text?
   A. An unmarried man.            B. An older married man.
   C. A younger married man.        D. A married man with children.
48. What can we conclude from Stafford’s research?
   A. Marriage gives men more freedom.
   B. Marriage has effects on job choices.
   C. Housework sharing changes over time.
   D. Having children means doubled housework.
C
GUATEMALA CITY(Reuters)---- A fish that lives in mangrove swamps(红树沼泽)across the Americas can live out of water for months at a time, similar to how animals adapted(适应)to land millions of years ago, a new study shows.
   The Mangrove Rivulus, a type of small killifish, lives in small pools of water in a certain type of empty nut or even old beer cans in the mangrove swamps of Belize, the United States and Brazil. When their living place dries up, they live on the land in logs(圆木), said Scott Taylor, a researcher at the Brevard Endangered Lands Program in Florida .
   The fish, whose scientific name is Rivulus marmoratus, can grow as large as three inches. They group together in logs and breathe air through their skin until they can find water again.
   The new scientific discovery came after a trip to Belize.
   “We kicked over a log and the fish just came crowding out,” Taylor told Reuters in neighboring Guatemala by telephone. He said he will make his study on the fish known to the public in an American magazine early next year.
   In lab tests, Taylor said he found the fish can live up to 66 days out of water without eating.
   Some other fish can live out of water for a short period of time. The walking catfish found in Southeast Asia can stay on land for hours at a time, while lungfish found in Australia, Africa and South America can live out of water, but only in an inactive state. But no other known fish can be out of water as long as the Mangrove Rivulus and remain active, according to Patricia Wright, a biologist at Canada’s University of Guelph.
   Further studies of the fish may tell how animals changed over time.
   “These animals live in conditions similar to those that existed millions of years ago, when animals began making the transition(过渡)form water onto land, ” Wright said.
49. The Mangrove Rivulus is a type of fish that ________.
   A. likes eating nuts
   B. prefers living in dry places
   C. is the longest living fish on earth
   D. can stay alive for two months out of water
50. Who will write up a report on mangrove Rivulus?
   A. Patricia Wright.
   B. Researchers in Guatemala.
   C. Scientists from Belize.
   D. Scott Taylor.
51. According to the text, lungfish can __________.
   A. breathe through its skin
   B. move freely on dry land
   C. remain alive out of water
   D. be as active on land as in water
52. What can we say about the discovery of Mangrove Rivulus?
   A. It was made quite by accident.
   B. It was based on a lab test of sea life.
   C. It was supported by an American magazine.
   D. It was helped by Patricia Wright.

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