Loading... Please wait...
◇您现在的位置: 嘉兴英语网 >> 高中英语 >> 英语写作 >> 正文:2006年高考英语书面表达题技巧突破指南(二)
2006年高考英语书面表达题技巧突破指南(二)
| 文章作者:黎桂华 | 文章来源:网络 | 文章录入:henry | 更新时间:2006-3-16 | 字体: |

(四)解书面表达题必要的知识储备

从知识储备的角度来说,我认为解书面表达题除了具备必要的词汇量、一定的语法知识和语言组织能力外,还要着重注意以下两点:

⒈掌握下面几种常用的英文文体的格式

⑴书信格式示例 :   

25 Tianshui Road

Lanzhou, China

January 3rd, 2003

208 Hope Road

Sydney, Australia

Dear Laura,

    How are you getting on now?___________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

                                                                        Yours,

                          Zhou Lan

⑵通知格式示例:

①书面通知格式示例

NOTICE

In order to arouse the students’ interest in learning English, the Student Union has decided to set up an English Club with the help of the teachers of English.

__________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

                                                                 Student Union

November 9, 2004

②口头通知格式示例

Boys and girls,

    May I  have your attention, please? I have an announcement to make.

    The Students’ Union is going to hold a party on Sunday evening, November 12th, to welcome our friends from the United States.

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

That’s all . Thank you!

⑶致词(speech)格式示例:

①欢迎词格式示例

Ladies and gentlemen/ Mr President/etc,

Welcome to-------

__________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

That’s all. Thank you.

②欢送词格式示例

Dear friends,

___________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

Good luck to -----/ Goodbye, dear friends.

⒉了解下面一些可能在英语书面表达中使用到的重要句型

1)以形式主语it引导的有关句型。

(1)“It is / was+被强调的部分+that(who)+剩余的部分.”例如:

①It wasn’t until he came back that I went to bed.“直到他回来我才睡觉”(一定要注意被强调句型谓语动词否定的转移及形式)。

②It was because he was ill that he didn’t come to school today.“只因为他有病了今天没有来上学”(只能用because而不能用for, as 或since)

③It is I who am a student. “我确实是个学生”。

(2)“It happened(chanced)that +clause. = sb. happened /chanced sth. =sb.did sth. by chance.”  例如:

It happened that he was out when I got there.“当我到那儿时,碰巧他不在”=He happened to be out when I got there.= It chanced that he was out when I got there= He was out by chance when I got there.

(3)“It seems that sb. do/ be doing/ have done/ had done= Sb. seems to do/ be doing/ have done/ had done”(还有动词appear可这样使用)例如:

It seemed that he had been to Beijing before.“好像你以去过北京”=He seemed to have been Beijing before.

(4)“It is high time (time/ about time) (that) 主语+should do / did+其它”(注意从句中的谓语动词用的是虚拟语气)  例如:

It is high time that we should go / went home.我们该回家了。

(5)“It is / was said ( reported…)+that+从句.”  例如:

It was said that he had read this novel.“据说他读过这篇小说”=He was said to have read this novel.

(6)“It is impossible / necessary/ strange…that clause.”(从句中的谓语用should+do / should have done,其形式是虚拟语气) 例如:

It is strange that he should have failed in this exam.真奇怪,他这次考试没有及格。

(7)“It is + a pity/ a shame…that clause.” (注意从句中的谓语动词用should do或should have done的形式,但should可以省略)   例如:

He didn’t come back until the film ended. It was a pity that he should have missed this film. “他直到电影结束才回来。他没有看到这部电影真可惜”

(8)“It is suggested / ordered/ commanded /…that +clause.” (从句的谓语动词用should do, 但should可以省略) 例如:

It is suggested that the meeting should be put off.“有人建议推迟会议”。

(9)“It is/was+表示地点的名词+where+从句” (注意本句不是强调句型,而是以where引导的定语从句)  例如:

It was this house where I was born.请比较:It was in this house that I was born.(后一句是强调句型。)

(10)“It is / was +表示时间的名词+when+从句” (注意本句型也不是强调句型,而是以when引导的定语从句)  例如:

It was 1999 when he came back from the United States. 请比较:It was in 1999 that he came back from the United States.

(11)“It is well-known that+从句”  例如:

It is well-known that she is a learned woman.“众所周知,她是个知识渊博的妇女”。

(12)“It is +段时间+since+主语+did.” // “It was +段时间+since+主语+had done.”  例如:

①It is five years since he left here.“他已经离开这儿五年了”。

②It was five years since he left here.(同上)

(14)“It +谓语+段时间+before+主语+谓语”(before引导的是时间状语从句)  例如:

①It wasn’t long before the people in that country rose up.“没有多久那个国家的人民就起义了”

②It will be three hours before he comes back.“三个小时之后他才能回来”

(15)“It is +形容词+for+ sb.+ to do.”  例如:

It is impossible for me to finish this work before tomorrow.“我明天之前完成此工作是不可能的”

(16)“It is +(心理品质方面的)形容词+of + sb. +to do.”= “主语+ be +形容词+to do.”(常用的形容词有:kind, stupid; foolish, good, wise等)   例如:

It is kind of you to help me.=You are kind to help me.“你真好给我提供了帮助”

2)定语从句中的有关句型:

(1)由as引导的非限定性的定语从句。例如:

As we have known, he is a most good student.“众所周知,他是个很好的学生”请比较:It is well-known that he is a most good student.(前一个是定语从句,而后者是个主语从句)

(2)由which引导的非限定性的定语从句。例如:

He is a professor, which I have been looking forward to becoming.“他是个教授,那是我一直盼望的职业”(因为先行词professor是表示职业的名词,因此引导词用which,而不用who。(注意:关于which和as之间的比较请看语法的定语从句部分。)

(3)由where, when引导的定语从句(其中包括限定性的或非限定性的) 例如:

①This is the house where I used to come.请比较:This is the house which / that I used to come to.

②This is the day when I joined the Party.请比较:This is the day which / that I joined the Party on.

[说明]:关于that与which之间的区别,请看语法中的定语从句。

3)让步状语从句中的有关句型:

“No matter what / which / who / where / when / whose+从句,+主句”(注意从句中的时态一般情况用一般现在时态)  例如:

①No matter what you do, you must do it well.请比较:Whatever you do, you must do it well. “无论你做什么,一定要做好”

②No matter where you go, please let me know.请比较:Wherever you go, please let me know.“你无论去哪儿,请通知我”

[说明]:这两种句型形式不同,而意义完全相同。

注意:I will tell whoever would like to read it.句中的whoever不能用whomever来代替,因为它既作动词tell的宾语,又作后面从句的主语。

4)条件状语从句的有关句型:

(1)“When / So long as / As long as / Once +从句,+主句”(从句也可以放在主句之后)例如:

①As long as you give me some money, I will let you go.“只要你给我一些钱,我就让你走”

②Once you have begun to learn English, you should learn it well. “一旦你开始学习英语,你应该把它学好”

(2)“主句+on condition that+从句”  例如:

I will go with you on condition that you give me some money.“我和你一起去的条件是你给我一些钱”

(3)“主句+unless+从句.”(注意:由于unless本身是否定词,所引导的从句的谓语动词用肯定)   例如:

I will go there tomorrow unless it rains.“我明天去那儿除非下雨”

(4)“祈使句,+and/ and then+主句”(注意:祈使句也可用一个名词短语)  例如:

①Use your head, and you will find a good idea.“动脑筋想一想,你就会想出一个好主意”

②Another word, and I will beat you.“你再说一句,我就揍你”

(5)“If +necessary / impossible/ important等,+主句”  例如:

If necessary, I will do it. “如果有必要的话,我来做此事。”

数据载入中……
| 会员注册 | 会员登录 | 设为首页 | 加入收藏 | 联系站长 | 友情链接 | 版权申明 |
版权所有 Copyright© 2006 嘉兴英语网 飞扬网络工作室 []
| 站长:随心飞扬 | 信箱:jxenglish2006#163.com |
本站所有信息仅供参考,本站不保证其准确性,及时性及完整性,请使用者自行斟酌决定。
本站所提供的所有信息仅供学校课堂教学及英语学习者学习研究之用,其著作权归原作者及媒体所有。